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News articles about "enzymes"

Scientists Find Protein-Building Enzymes Have Undergone Metamorphosis and Evolved Diverse New Functions

work toward their next discoveries The institute's graduate program which awards PhD degrees in biology and chemistry ranks among the top ten of its kind in the nation For more information see www scripps edu ... - Read More

Neutron crystallography resolves long-standing molecular mystery

An international team of researchers led by the University of Leicester has solved a long standing mystery in biology by identifying the molecular structure of a vital biological chemical The debate which has raged within ... - Read More

SAR11, oceans' most abundant organism, has ability to create methane

The oxygen rich surface waters of the world's major oceans are supersaturated with methane a powerful greenhouse gas that is roughly 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide yet little is known about the source ... - Read More

Ironing out details of the carbon cycle: Dissolved iron in North Atlantic traced to Sahara desert

Iron is present in tiny concentrations in seawater On the order of a few billionths of a gram in a liter I did a calculation once on a ton of ocean water says Seth John ... - Read More

'Microbe sniffer' could point way to next-generation bio-refining

A new biosensor invented at the University of British Columbia could help optimize bio refining processes that produce fuels fine chemicals and advanced materials It works by sniffing out naturally occurring bacterial networks that are ... - Read More

Artificial enzyme mimics natural detoxification mechanism in liver cells

Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU have discovered that molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles oxidize sulfite to sulfate in liver cells in analogy to the enzyme sulfite oxidase The functionalized Molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles can cross the ... - Read More

Origin of life: Stanley Miller's forgotten experiments, analyzed

Stanley Miller the chemist whose landmark experiment published in 1953 showed how some of the molecules of life could have formed on a young Earth left behind boxes of experimental samples that he never analyzed ... - Read More

Stanley Miller's Forgotten Experiments, Analyzed

Released 6 25 2014 12 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Georgia Institute of Technology more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations National Science Foundation NASA Astrobiology Program NSF CHE ... - Read More

Infection prevention implanted directly into bones

Hospital germs can be fatal since they are resistant to antibiotics As a result alternative methods of defense against bacteria are in demand Fortunately a German French research team has been able to develop bone ... - Read More

Better tissue healing with disappearing hydrogels

When stem cells are used to regenerate bone tissue many wind up migrating away from the repair site which disrupts the healing process But a technique employed by a University of Rochester research team keeps ... - Read More

New insights into biomass breakdown provided by scientists

Scientists at the University of York are playing a key role in the quest for a better understanding of how a recently discovered family of enzymes can degrade hard to digest biomass into its constituent ... - Read More

Proteins 'ring like bells': Quantum mechanics and biochemical reactions

As far back as 1948 Erwin Schrödinger the inventor of modern quantum mechanics published the book What is life In it he suggested that quantum mechanics and coherent ringing might be at the basis of ... - Read More

Progress on detecting glucose levels in saliva: New biochip sensor

Researchers from Brown University have developed a new biochip sensor that can selectively measure concentrations of glucose in a complex solution similar to human saliva The advance is an important step toward a device that ... - Read More

Straw from oilseed as a new source of biofuels

The bright yellow fields of oilseed rape are a familiar sight at this time of year but for scientists what lies beneath is just as exciting Researchers at the Institute of Food Research are looking ... - Read More

Circuits and sensors direct from the printer

Printers are becoming more and more versatile Now they can even print sensors and electronic components on 2D and 3D substrates A new robot assisted production line allows the process to be automated These days ... - Read More

Can plants provide petroleum-derived chemicals?

Plant scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have found that certain enzymes responsible for desaturating fatty acids the building blocks of oils can link up to efficiently pass intermediate products ... - Read More

The promise of purple for enhanced bioimaging

Newly detected 'energy clustering' structures inside rare earth nanoparticles generate intense violet light which is ideal for studying photon induced transformations Labeling biomolecules with light emitting nanoparticles is a powerful technique for observing cell movement ... - Read More

Two-lock box delivers cancer therapy: Nano-delivery system targets cancer cells

Rice University scientists have designed a tunable virus that works like a safe deposit box It takes two keys to open it and release its therapeutic cargo The Rice lab of bioengineer Junghae Suh has ... - Read More

Using DNA to build tool that may literally shine light on cancer

Bioengineers at the University of Rome Tor Vergata and the University of Montreal have used DNA to develop a tool that detects and reacts to chemical changes caused by cancer cells and that may one ... - Read More

Water test for the world: Simple pill brings lab to water to test for contamination

Inspiration can come in many forms but this one truly was a breath of fresh air A group of McMaster researchers has solved the problem of cumbersome expensive and painfully slow water testing by turning ... - Read More
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