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News articles about "enzymes"

Unlocking Enzyme Synthesis of Rare Sugars to Create Drugs with Fewer Side Effects

Released 29 Sep 2014 11 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom Oak Ridge National Laboratory more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Sep 30 2014 A team led by the U ... - Read More

Researchers Study Vital 'On/Off Switches' That Control When Bacteria Turn Deadly

No matter how many times it’s demonstrated it’s still hard to envision bacteria as social communicating creatures But by using a signaling system called “quorum sensing ” these single celled organisms radically alter their behavior ... - Read More

'Pick 'n' Mix' chemistry to grow cultures of bioactive molecules

Chemists at ETH Zürich and ITbM Nagoya University have developed a new method to build large libraries of bioactive molecules which can be used directly for biological assays by simply mixing a small number of ... - Read More

Like weeds of the sea, 'brown tide' algae exploit nutrient-rich coastlines

The sea grass beds of Long Island's Great South Bay once teemed with shellfish Clams scallops and oysters filtered nutrients from the water and flushed money through the local economy But three decades after the ... - Read More

Plug 'n' play protein crystals

Almost a hundred years ago in 1929 Linus Pauling presented the famous Pauling's Rules to describe the principles governing the structure of complex ionic crystals These rules essentially describe how the arrangement of atoms in ... - Read More

Fundamental Plant Chemicals Trace Back to Bacteria

Released 7 Aug 2014 10 45 AM EDTSource Newsroom University of Wisconsin Madison more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations The Plant CellAug 8 2014 A fundamental chemical ... - Read More

Novel process for creation of fuel and chemical compounds

A team of researchers at the University of Wisconsin Madison has identified the genes and enzymes that create a promising compound the 19 carbon furan containing fatty acid 19Fu FA The compound has a variety ... - Read More

Scientists Find Protein-Building Enzymes Have Undergone Metamorphosis and Evolved Diverse New Functions

work toward their next discoveries The institute's graduate program which awards PhD degrees in biology and chemistry ranks among the top ten of its kind in the nation For more information see www scripps edu ... - Read More

Neutron crystallography resolves long-standing molecular mystery

An international team of researchers led by the University of Leicester has solved a long standing mystery in biology by identifying the molecular structure of a vital biological chemical The debate which has raged within ... - Read More

SAR11, oceans' most abundant organism, has ability to create methane

The oxygen rich surface waters of the world's major oceans are supersaturated with methane a powerful greenhouse gas that is roughly 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide yet little is known about the source ... - Read More

Ironing out details of the carbon cycle: Dissolved iron in North Atlantic traced to Sahara desert

Iron is present in tiny concentrations in seawater On the order of a few billionths of a gram in a liter I did a calculation once on a ton of ocean water says Seth John ... - Read More

'Microbe sniffer' could point way to next-generation bio-refining

A new biosensor invented at the University of British Columbia could help optimize bio refining processes that produce fuels fine chemicals and advanced materials It works by sniffing out naturally occurring bacterial networks that are ... - Read More

Artificial enzyme mimics natural detoxification mechanism in liver cells

Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU have discovered that molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles oxidize sulfite to sulfate in liver cells in analogy to the enzyme sulfite oxidase The functionalized Molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles can cross the ... - Read More

Origin of life: Stanley Miller's forgotten experiments, analyzed

Stanley Miller the chemist whose landmark experiment published in 1953 showed how some of the molecules of life could have formed on a young Earth left behind boxes of experimental samples that he never analyzed ... - Read More

Stanley Miller's Forgotten Experiments, Analyzed

Released 6 25 2014 12 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Georgia Institute of Technology more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations National Science Foundation NASA Astrobiology Program NSF CHE ... - Read More

Infection prevention implanted directly into bones

Hospital germs can be fatal since they are resistant to antibiotics As a result alternative methods of defense against bacteria are in demand Fortunately a German French research team has been able to develop bone ... - Read More

Better tissue healing with disappearing hydrogels

When stem cells are used to regenerate bone tissue many wind up migrating away from the repair site which disrupts the healing process But a technique employed by a University of Rochester research team keeps ... - Read More

New insights into biomass breakdown provided by scientists

Scientists at the University of York are playing a key role in the quest for a better understanding of how a recently discovered family of enzymes can degrade hard to digest biomass into its constituent ... - Read More

Proteins 'ring like bells': Quantum mechanics and biochemical reactions

As far back as 1948 Erwin Schrödinger the inventor of modern quantum mechanics published the book What is life In it he suggested that quantum mechanics and coherent ringing might be at the basis of ... - Read More

Progress on detecting glucose levels in saliva: New biochip sensor

Researchers from Brown University have developed a new biochip sensor that can selectively measure concentrations of glucose in a complex solution similar to human saliva The advance is an important step toward a device that ... - Read More
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