Move over vapor compression cooling technology Emerging elastocaloric refrigeration is potentially much more efficient and unlike vapor compression relies on environmentally friendly refrigerants In elastocaloric materials a change in mechanical stress can create a change ... - Read More
As you heat up a piece of iron the arrangement of the iron atoms changes several times before melting This unusual behavior is one reason why steel in which iron plays a starring role is ... - Read More
New research from UCL and the Universities of Gdansk Singapore and Delft has uncovered additional second laws of thermodynamics which complement the ordinary second law of thermodynamics one of the most fundamental laws of nature ... - Read More
The second law of thermodynamics tells us that all systems evolve toward a state of maximum entropy wherein all energy is dissipated as heat and no available energy remains to do work Since the mid ... - Read More
For more than 50 years scientists have debated what turns particular oxide insulators in which electrons barely move into metals in which electrons flow freely Some scientists sided with Nobel Prize winning physicist Nevill Mott ... - Read More
A new concept in metallic alloy design called high‐entropy alloys has yielded a multiple element material that not only tests out as one of the toughest on record but unlike most materials the toughness as ... - Read More
A gadolinium based material that can be cooled by varying a magnetic field may be useful for cooling low temperature sensors Magnetic refrigeration is attracting attention as an efficient way to chill sensitive scientific instruments ... - Read More
Quantum computers have yet to materialise Ye scientists are making progress in devising suitable means of making such computers faster One such approach relies on quantum dots a kind of artificial atom easily controlled by ... - Read More
Thin films of spin ice have been shown to demonstrate surprising properties which could help in the development of applications of magnetricity the magnetic equivalent of electricity Published today in Nature Communications a team of ... - Read More
The 18th century writer Adam Smith provided a workable metaphor for the way society utilizes resources In his book The Wealth of Nations he argued that even as individuals strive through personal industry to maximize ... - Read More
All living things must obey the laws of physics including the second law of thermodynamics which states that the universe's disorder or entropy can only grow Highly ordered cells and organisms appear to contradict this ... - Read More
Researchers at Aalto University Finland and the University of Tokyo have succeeded for the first time in experimentally measuring a probability distribution for entropy production of electrons Entropy production means an increase in disorder when ... - Read More
Second sound is a quantum mechanical phenomenon which has been observed only in superfluid helium Physicists from the University of Innsbruck Austria in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Trento Italy have now proven ... - Read More
Released 3 28 2013 2 30 PM EDTSource Newsroom Dick Jones Communications Mar 28 2013 Osmosis – the flow of a solvent across a semipermeable membrane from a region of lower to higher solute concentration ... - Read More
A team of Spanish and Argentinean researchers have verified that the distribution of the inhabitants in each Spanish province evolves in accordance with the maximum entropy principle in the field of physics Therefore this evolution ... - Read More
With his research on quantum states in the realm between order and disorder Professor Jörg Schmiedmayer's work has raised quite a stir ultra cold atom clouds with a high degree of order approach a disordered ... - Read More
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