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News articles about "Entropy"

Good vibrations give electrons excitations that rock an insulator to go metallic

For more than 50 years scientists have debated what turns particular oxide insulators in which electrons barely move into metals in which electrons flow freely Some scientists sided with Nobel Prize winning physicist Nevill Mott ... - Read More

Metallic alloy is tough and ductile at cryogenic temperatures

A new concept in metallic alloy design called high‐entropy alloys has yielded a multiple element material that not only tests out as one of the toughest on record but unlike most materials the toughness as ... - Read More

Materials: Cubic cluster chills out

A gadolinium based material that can be cooled by varying a magnetic field may be useful for cooling low temperature sensors Magnetic refrigeration is attracting attention as an efficient way to chill sensitive scientific instruments ... - Read More

Unleashing the power of quantum dot triplets

Quantum computers have yet to materialise Ye scientists are making progress in devising suitable means of making such computers faster One such approach relies on quantum dots a kind of artificial atom easily controlled by ... - Read More

First thin films of spin ice reveal cold secrets

Thin films of spin ice have been shown to demonstrate surprising properties which could help in the development of applications of magnetricity the magnetic equivalent of electricity Published today in Nature Communications a team of ... - Read More

The entropy of nations: Global energy inequality lessens, but for how long?

Entropy, Entropy, Entropy
The 18th century writer Adam Smith provided a workable metaphor for the way society utilizes resources In his book The Wealth of Nations he argued that even as individuals strive through personal industry to maximize ... - Read More

How quickly can a bacterium grow? E. coli can replicate close to thermodynamic limits of efficiency

Replication, Heat
All living things must obey the laws of physics including the second law of thermodynamics which states that the universe's disorder or entropy can only grow Highly ordered cells and organisms appear to contradict this ... - Read More

Growth of disorder of electrons measured in dual temperature system

Researchers at Aalto University Finland and the University of Tokyo have succeeded for the first time in experimentally measuring a probability distribution for entropy production of electrons Entropy production means an increase in disorder when ... - Read More

Observation of second sound in a quantum gas

Sound, Gas
Second sound is a quantum mechanical phenomenon which has been observed only in superfluid helium Physicists from the University of Innsbruck Austria in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Trento Italy have now proven ... - Read More

Everything You Know About Osmosis Is (Probably) Wrong

Released 3 28 2013 2 30 PM EDTSource Newsroom Dick Jones Communications Mar 28 2013 Osmosis – the flow of a solvent across a semipermeable membrane from a region of lower to higher solute concentration ... - Read More

The dynamic of Spain's population follows the maximum entropy principle

Entropy, Entropy, Entropy
A team of Spanish and Argentinean researchers have verified that the distribution of the inhabitants in each Spanish province evolves in accordance with the maximum entropy principle in the field of physics Therefore this evolution ... - Read More

Quantum States Between Order and Disorder

With his research on quantum states in the realm between order and disorder Professor Jörg Schmiedmayer's work has raised quite a stir ultra cold atom clouds with a high degree of order approach a disordered ... - Read More

DNA prefers to dive head first into nanopores

DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA
If you want to understand a novel it helps to start from the beginning rather than trying to pick up the plot from somewhere in the middle The same goes for analyzing a strand of ... - Read More
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