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News articles about "Electrons"

Solving electron transfer

Electron transfer is a process by which an atom donates an electron to another atom It is the foundation of all chemical reactions and is of intense research because of the implications it has for ... - Read More

Superconductor created from solvent

A study led by Washington State University researchers has turned a fairly common non metallic solvent into a superconductor capable of transmitting electrical current with none of the resistance seen in conventional conductors It is ... - Read More

Surprise superconductor

Superconductivity is a rare physical state in which matter is able to conduct electricity maintain a flow of electrons without any resistance This phenomenon can only be found in certain materials under specific low temperature ... - Read More

Diamond Catalyst Shows Promise in Breaching Age-Old Barrier

as a potential new catalyst for the reduction process Diamond the Wisconsin team found can facilitate the reduction of nitrogen to ammonia under ambient temperatures and pressures Like all chemical reactions the reduction of nitrogen ... - Read More

Tiny nanocubes help scientists tell left from right

Chiral
In chemical reactions left and right can make a big difference A left handed molecule of a particular chemical composition could be an effective drug while its mirror image right handed counterpart could be completely ... - Read More

Organic electronics: Imaging defects in solar cells

cells, cells
Researchers at LMU have developed a new method for visualizing material defects in thin film solar cells An LMU research team led by Bert Nickel has for the first time succeeded in functionally characterizing the ... - Read More

Exotic alloys for potential energy applications

The search for thermoelectrics exotic materials that convert heat directly into electricity has received a boost from researchers at the California Institute of Technology and the University of Tokyo who have found the best way ... - Read More

Silicon-based nanoparticles could make LEDs cheaper, greener to produce

Silicon-based, Silicon
Light emitting diodes or LEDs are the most efficient and environmentally friendly light bulbs on the market But they come at a higher up front price than other bulbs especially the ones with warmer and ... - Read More

New quantum dot technique combines best of optical and electron microscopy

Microscopy
It's not reruns of The Jetsons but researchers working at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have developed a new microscopy technique that uses a process similar to how an old tube television ... - Read More

'Long-awaited explanation' for mysterious effects in high-temperature superconductors

Temperature, temperature
A German French research team has constructed a new model that explains how the so called pseudogap state forms in high temperature superconductors The calculations predict two coexisting electron orders Below a certain temperature superconductors ... - Read More

Specifically sized gold nanoparticle spheres increase the sensitivity of a light-based chemical detector

A sensor that relies on reflected light to analyze biomedical and chemical samples now has greater sensitivity thanks to a carpet of gold nanoparticles Xia Yu of the A*STAR Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology along ... - Read More

First observation of spin Hall effect in a quantum gas is step toward 'atomtronics'

Hall Effect, Gas
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have reported* the first observation of the spin Hall effect in a Bose Einstein condensate BEC a cloud of ultracold atoms acting as a single ... - Read More

Increased NMR/MRI sensitivity through hyperpolarization of nuclei in diamond

Nuclei, Diamond, MRI
Today's nuclear magnetic resonance NMR and Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI technologies like quantum information processing and nuclear spintronic technologies are based on an intrinsic quantum property of electrons and atomic nuclei called spin Electrons and ... - Read More

Resistivity switch is window to role of magnetism in iron-based superconductors

Properties
Physicists at the U S Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered surprising changes in electrical resistivity in iron based superconductors The findings reported in Nature Communications offer further evidence that magnetism and superconductivity are ... - Read More

Giant planets offer help in faster research on material surfaces

Planets
New fast and accurate algorithm from the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw based on the mathematical formalism used to model processes accompanying interaction of light with gas planet ... - Read More

Metal-free catalyst outperforms platinum in fuel cell

Researchers from South Korea Case Western Reserve University and University of North Texas have discovered an inexpensive and easily produced catalyst that performs better than platinum in oxygen reduction reactions The finding detailed in Nature's ... - Read More

Scientists create novel silicon electrodes that improve lithium-ion batteries

Lithium, Lithium-ion, Lithium-ion batteries, Silicon
Stanford University scientists have dramatically improved the performance of lithium ion batteries by creating novel electrodes made of silicon and conducting polymer hydrogel a spongy material similar to that used in contact lenses and other ... - Read More

Bringing cheaper, 'greener' lighting to market with inkjet-printed hybrid quantum dot LEDs

Quantum, Quantum
It's not easy going green For home lighting applications organic light emitting diodes OLEDs hold the promise of being both environmentally friendly and versatile Though not as efficient as regular light emitting diodes LEDs they ... - Read More

Quantum model helps solve mysteries of water

Quantum, Quantum
A research team from the National Physical Laboratory NPL the University of Edinburgh and IBM's TJ Watson Research Center reveals a major breakthrough in the modelling of water that could shed light on its mysterious ... - Read More

Metamaterials: Leading light waves astray

The development of structured synthetic materials with unusual electromagnetic properties so called metamaterials promises to provide access to special physical effects of great technological interest Metamaterials have already been fabricated that have a negative refractive ... - Read More
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