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News articles about "Electrons"

Good vibrations give electrons excitations that rock an insulator to go metallic

For more than 50 years scientists have debated what turns particular oxide insulators in which electrons barely move into metals in which electrons flow freely Some scientists sided with Nobel Prize winning physicist Nevill Mott ... - Read More

Spiraling light, nanoparticles and insights into life’s structure

As hands come in left and right versions that are mirror images of each other so do the amino acids and sugars within us But unlike hands only the left oriented amino acids and the ... - Read More

Quantum mechanical calculations reveal the hidden states of enzyme active sites

Enzymes carry out fundamental biological processes such as photosynthesis nitrogen fixation and respiration with the help of clusters of metal atoms as active sites But scientists lack basic information about their function because the states ... - Read More

Physicists bind single-atom sheets with the same force geckos use to climb walls

Physicists at the University of Kansas have fabricated an innovative substance from two different atomic sheets that interlock much like Lego toy bricks The researchers said the new material made of a layer of graphene ... - Read More

Physicists and chemists work to improve digital memory technology

The improvements in random access memory that have driven many advances of the digital age owe much to the innovative application of physics and chemistry at the atomic scale Accordingly a team led by UNL ... - Read More

Scientists Get to the Heart of Fool's Gold as a Solar Material

could be 1 000 times thinner than silicon and still efficiently absorb sunlight Like silicon iron and sulfur are common elements in the Earth's crust so solar cells made of iron pyrite could have a ... - Read More

Esther Conwell, Pioneering Professor of Chemistry, Dead at 92

herself a National Medal of Science winner “Dr Esther Conwell has had an extraordinarily productive career as a scientist and has greatly influenced electronic device design and performance…” wrote Dresselhaus in her letter of nomination ... - Read More

'Swiss cheese' membrane with adjustable holes

The pore size of the smart membranes can be adjusted from the outside this is very attractive in applications like biosensors or chemical analysis The 'Swiss cheese' structure is characteristic of many polymer membranes and ... - Read More

Plasma: Casimir and Yukawa mesons

The Casimir electromagnetic fluctuation forces across plasmas are analogous to so called weak nuclear interaction forces according to new research A new theoretical work establishes a long sought after connection between nuclear particles and electromagnetic ... - Read More

Using radio waves to control the density in a fusion plasma

Recent fusion experiments on the DIII D tokamak at General Atomics San Diego and the Alcator C Mod tokamak at MIT Cambridge Massachusetts show that beaming microwaves into the center of the plasma can be ... - Read More

Functional nanomaterials to advance vehicle battery tech

Future fleets of electric vehicles will require high capacity batteries that recharge rapidly degrade very little over time and operate safely Lithium ion Li ion batteries similar to the ones found inside portable electronics currently ... - Read More

Scientists disprove theory that reconstructed boron surface is metallic

Scientific inquiry is a hit and miss proposition subject to constant checking and rechecking Recently a new class of materials was discovered called topological insulators nonmetallic materials with a metallic surface capable of conducting electrons ... - Read More

Special microscope captures defects in nanotubes

University of Oregon chemists have devised a way to see the internal structures of electronic waves trapped in carbon nanotubes by external electrostatic charges Carbon nanotubes have been touted as exceptional materials with unique properties ... - Read More

How radiotherapy kills cancer cells

Scientists from Queen's University Belfast have been involved in a groundbreaking discovery in the area of experimental physics that has implications for understanding how radiotherapy kills cancer cells among other things Dr Jason Greenwood from ... - Read More

Imaging electric charge propagating along microbial nanowires

The claim by microbiologist Derek Lovley and colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst that the microbe Geobacter produces tiny electrical wires called microbial nanowires has been mired in controversy for a decade but the ... - Read More

Wild molecular interactions in a new hydrogen mixture

Hydrogen the most abundant element in the cosmos responds to extremes of pressure and temperature differently Under ambient conditions hydrogen is a gaseous two atom molecule As confinement pressure increases the molecules adopt different states ... - Read More

Superconducting circuits, simplified

Computer chips with superconducting circuits circuits with zero electrical resistance would be 50 to 100 times as energy efficient as today's chips an attractive trait given the increasing power consumption of the massive data centers ... - Read More

Magnetic mirrors enable new technologies by reflecting light in uncanny ways

As in Alice's journey through the looking glass to Wonderland mirrors in the real world can sometimes behave in surprising and unexpected ways including a new class of mirror that works like no other As ... - Read More

A new piece in the high-temperature superconductivity puzzle: 'Dressing' in superconductors

The physical mechanism that generates superconductivity in materials at high critical temperature like cuprates which appear to be among the most promising materials for technological applications remains a mystery So far experimental observations haven't clarified ... - Read More

Key moment mapped in assembly of DNA-splitting molecular machine

The proteins that drive DNA replication the force behind cellular growth and reproduction are some of the most complex machines on Earth The multistep replication process involves hundreds of atomic scale moving parts that rapidly ... - Read More
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