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News articles about "Catalysis"

Superatomic Nickel core and unusual molecular reactivity

Scientists in Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow have revealed a unique molecular fragment Ni2O2 consisting of two nickel atoms and two oxygen atoms that have shown plausible superatomic properties Supeatoms are important structural elements in ... - Read More

Building blocks of the future defy logic: New logic-defying mathematical model

Wake up in the morning and stretch your midsection narrows Pull on a piece of plastic at separate ends it becomes thinner So does a rubber band One might assume that when a force is ... - Read More

Caging of molecules allows investigation of equilibrium thermodynamics

High performance materials for gas storage thermal insulators or nanomachines need a thorough understanding of the behavior of the material down to the molecular level Thermodynamics which have been developed two hundred years ago to ... - Read More

Controlling car pollution at the quantum level

Toyota Central R& amp D Labs Inc in Japan have reviewed research that might be leading the way towards a new generation of automotive catalytic converters Catalytic converters that change the toxic fumes of automobile ... - Read More

First glimpse of a chemical bond being born

Scientists have used an X ray laser at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to get the first glimpse of the transition state where two atoms begin to form a weak bond on ... - Read More

Scientists Get First Glimpse of a Chemical Bond Being Born

Scientists have used an X ray laser at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to get the first glimpse of the transition state where two atoms begin to form a weak bond on ... - Read More

Water, water, everywhere: Controlling the properties of nanomaterials

Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are learning how the properties of water molecules on the surface of metal oxides can be used to better control these minerals and use ... - Read More

Water, Water, Everywhere -- Controlling the Properties of Nanomaterials

Wendy Hames and Katie Bethea Published Work H W Wang M DelloStritto N Kumar A I Kolesnikov P R C Kent J D Kubicki D J Wesolowski and J O Sofo “Vibrational density of states ... - Read More

'Seeing' hydrogen atoms to unveil enzyme catalysis that may play key role in cancer drug development

Enzymes are catalysts that speed up chemical reactions in living organisms and control many cellular biological processes by converting a molecule or substrate into a product used by the cell For scientists understanding details of ... - Read More

"Seeing" Hydrogen Atoms to Unveil Enzyme Catalysis

how small its samples can be how large the crystal unit cells we can resolve ” said Kovalevsky “But this result shows the instrument is performing to its specifications which is exciting ” For future ... - Read More

Microscopy reveals how atom-high steps impede oxidation of metal surfaces

Rust never sleeps Whether a reference to the 1979 Neil Young album or a product designed to protect metal surfaces the phrase invokes the idea that corrosion from oxidation the more general chemical name for ... - Read More

Study fuels hope for natural gas cars: Metal organic framework candidates for methane storage identified

Cars that run on natural gas are touted as efficient and environmentally friendly but getting enough gas onboard to make them practical is a hurdle A new study led by researchers at Rice University promises ... - Read More

Creation of 'rocker' protein opens way for new smart molecules in medicine, other fields

Human cells are protected by a largely impenetrable molecular membrane but researchers have built the first artificial transporter protein that carries individual atoms across membranes opening the possibility of engineering a new class of smart ... - Read More

Graphene 'cut and paste' with microwaves

Scientists in Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow have revealed a variety of transformations taking place on carbon surface under the influence of metal nanoparticles and microwaves Graphene cut and paste with metal nanoparticles was carried ... - Read More

Future batteries: Lithium-sulfur with a graphene wrapper

What do you get when you wrap a thin sheet of the wonder material graphene around a novel multifunctional sulfur electrode that combines an energy storage unit and electron ion transfer networks An extremely promising ... - Read More

The gold standard: Affordable catalyst for energy and environmental applications

Precious elements such as platinum work well as catalysts in chemical reactions but require large amounts of metal and can be expensive However computational modeling below the nanoscale level may allow researchers to design more ... - Read More

A new look at the finer details of rust show an assumed atomic structure has been wrong all along

Magnetite or Fe3O4 is an elaborate kind of rust a regular lattice of oxygen and iron atoms But this material plays an increasingly important role as a catalyst in electronic devices and in medical applications ... - Read More

Bioplastic: Greener than ever

Polylactic acid is a degradable plastic used mostly for packaging To meet the rising demand ETH researchers have developed an eco friendly process to make large amounts of lactic acid from glycerol a waste by ... - Read More

A molecular thread: Flexible metal–organic frameworks with a range of pore sizes are made by threading through molecular ligands

The ability to 'thread' a molecular ligand through a metal organic framework MOF to alter the pore size of the material and yet allow the MOF to retain its crystallinity and principal structural features has ... - Read More

Single-atom gold catalysts may offer path to low-cost production of fuel and chemicals

New catalysts designed and investigated by Tufts University School of Engineering researchers and collaborators from other university and national laboratories have the potential to greatly reduce processing costs in future fuels such as hydrogen The ... - Read More
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