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News articles about "Catalysis"

It slices, it dices, and it protects the body from harm: 3-D structure of enzyme that helps defend against bacteria

An essential weapon in the body's fight against infection has come into sharper view Researchers at Princeton University have discovered the 3D structure of an enzyme that cuts to ribbons the genetic material of viruses ... - Read More

Sustainable Energy Is Focus of Plenary Talks at American Chemical Society Meeting

Advances in renewable and sustainable energy including mimicking photosynthesis and optimizing lithium ion batteries are the topics of three plenary talks at the 247th National Meeting & amp Exposition of the American Chemical Society ACS ... - Read More

The Play-by-Play of Energy Conversion: Catching Catalysts in Action

but some details remain hidden Beginning in 2015 the next generation National Synchrotron Light Source II NSLS II will provide even brighter x rays and the Center for Functional Nanomaterials CFN will operate the first ... - Read More

Researcher Studies Evolution on the Molecular Level

meaning that even in the bacteria the enzyme already has perfectly oriented the reactants in its active site as well as in the human enzyme This outcome was not expected as the human enzyme is ... - Read More

Destroying greenhouse gases in environmentally-friendly way

Greenhouse gases, Greenhouse gases
Researchers at the Universitat Jaume I UJI have developed a new catalyst for the activation of carbon fluorine bonds This process has many industrial applications among which stands out the possibility to be used to ... - Read More

Making a gem of a tiny crystal: Slowly cooled DNA transforms disordered nanoparticles into orderly crystal

Crystal
Nature builds flawless diamonds sapphires and other gems Now a Northwestern University research team is the first to build near perfect single crystals out of nanoparticles and DNA using the same structure favored by nature ... - Read More

Scientists ID new catalyst for cleanup of nitrites

Catalyst
Chemical engineers at Rice University have found a new catalyst that can rapidly break down nitrites a common and harmful contaminant in drinking water that often results from overuse of agricultural fertilizers Nitrites and their ... - Read More

New method gives accurate picture of gas storage by microscopic cages

Gas
A computational method to quantify the adsorption of gas by porous zeolites should help labs know what to expect before they embark upon slow costly experiments according to researchers at Rice University The new method ... - Read More

RNA controls splicing during gene expression, further evidence of 'RNA world' origin in modern life

RNA, RNA, RNA, RNA, Gene, RNA, Gene, RNA
RNA is the key functional component of spliceosomes molecular machines that control how genes are expressed report scientists from the University of Chicago online Nov 6 in Nature The discovery establishes that RNA not protein ... - Read More

Three-dimensional carbon goes metallic

Carbon, carbon
A theoretical three dimensional 3D form of carbon that is metallic under ambient temperature and pressure has been discovered by an international research team The findings which may significantly advance carbon science are published online ... - Read More

'Molecular Velcro' may lead to cost-effective alternatives to natural antibodies

Antibodies
Taking inspiration from the human immune system researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab have created a new material that can be programmed to identify an endless variety ... - Read More

Neutrons, electrons and theory reveal secrets of natural gas reserves

Natural gas, Gas
Gas and oil deposits in shale have no place to hide from an Oak Ridge National Laboratory technique that provides an inside look at pores and reveals structural information potentially vital to the nation's energy ... - Read More

Nanocrystal catalyst transforms impure hydrogen into electricity

Catalyst
The quest to harness hydrogen as the clean burning fuel of the future demands the perfect catalysts nanoscale machines that enhance chemical reactions Scientists must tweak atomic structures to achieve an optimum balance of reactivity ... - Read More

Speedy chemical reaction captured in mid-stride

In synthetic chemistry making the best possible use of the needed ingredients is key to optimizing high quality production at the lowest possible cost The element rhodium is a powerful catalyst a driver of chemical ... - Read More

Simple textiles can be used with catalysts to enable complex chemical reactions

Complex, Catalysts, Reactions
In future it will be much easier to produce some active pharmaceutical substances and chemical compounds than was the case to date An international team working with chemists from the Max Planck Institut für Kohlenforschung ... - Read More

Researchers Capture Speedy Chemical Reaction in Mid-Stride

can tell chemists a great deal about the processes and their efficiency However intermediates normally exist for a second or less before moving to the next step in the reaction making them extremely difficult to ... - Read More

How the newest diesel engines emit very little greenhouse gas nitrous oxide

Gas
The newest catalytic converters in diesel engines blast away a pollutant from combustion with the help of ammonia Common in European cars the engines exhaust harmless nitrogen and water How they do this hasn't been ... - Read More

Reproducing nature's chemistry: Researchers alter molecular properties in a new way

In their search for molecules with certain characteristics chemists have produced millions of new increasingly complex synthetic materials by altering molecules' chemical structures Taking cues from nature Northwestern University researchers have recently tested a new ... - Read More

Chemists develop 'fresh, new' approach to making alloy nanomaterials

Nanomaterials, nanomaterials
Chemists in The College of Arts and Sciences have figured out how to synthesize nanomaterials with stainless steel like interfaces Their discovery may change how the form and structure of nanomaterials are manipulated particularly those ... - Read More

New materials for bio-based hydrogen synthesis: Synthetic biology enables spontaneous protein activation

New materials, Spontaneous, Synthesis
Researchers at the Ruhr Universität Bochum RUB have discovered an efficient process for hydrogen biocatalysis They developed semi synthetic hydrogenases hydrogen generating enzymes by adding the protein's biological precursor to a chemically synthesized inactive iron ... - Read More
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