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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Water"

Sudden thickening of complex fluids modeled

Complex
A new model by a team of researchers with The City College of New York's Benjamin Levich Institute may shed new understanding on the phenomenon known as discontinuous shear thickening DST in which the resistance ... - Read More

Large landmasses existed 2.7 billion years ago

Some 71% of Earth's surface is covered by oceans and 29% by land The question of when large landmasses emerged from the oceans has always been hotly debated by scientists New investigations by geoscientists of ... - Read More

Coral reefs in Palau surprisingly resistant to naturally acidified waters

Waters
Ocean researchers working on the coral reefs of Palau in 2011 and 2012 made two unexpected discoveries that could provide insight into corals' resistance and resilience to ocean acidification and aid in the creation of ... - Read More

Cracked sea ice stirs up Arctic mercury concern

sea, Ice, Mercury
Vigorous mixing in the air above large cracks in Arctic sea ice that expose seawater to cold polar air pumps atmospheric mercury down to the surface finds a NASA field campaign This process can lead ... - Read More

Acidification, predators pose double threat to oysters

The once booming now struggling Olympia oyster native to the West Coast could face a double threat from ocean acidification and invasive predators according to new research from the University of California Davis' Bodega Marine ... - Read More

Nitrous oxide emissions in streams and rivers examined

Emissions
A relatively unknown hidden artificial stream called a flume located in the basement of the Idaho Water Center at Broadway and Front streets in downtown Boise is the site of a collaborative research initiative by ... - Read More

Researchers harness sun's energy during day for use at night

Sun
Solar energy has long been used as a clean alternative to fossil fuels such as coal and oil but it could only be harnessed during the day when the sun's rays were strongest Now researchers ... - Read More

First plastic cell with working organelle

Plastic, cell, Plastic, cell
For the first time chemists have successfully produced an artificial cell containing organelles capable of carrying out the various steps of a chemical reaction This was done at the Institute for Molecules and Materials IMM ... - Read More

High levels of molecular chlorine found in arctic atmosphere

Atmosphere, Atmosphere, molecular, Molecular
Scientists studying the atmosphere above Barrow Alaska have discovered unprecedented levels of molecular chlorine in the air a new study reports Molecular chlorine from sea salt released by melting sea ice reacts with sunlight to ... - Read More

Tweaking MRI to track creatine may spot heart problems earlier, study suggests

MRI
A new MRI method to map creatine at higher resolutions in the heart may help clinicians and scientists find abnormalities and disorders earlier than traditional diagnostic methods researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at ... - Read More

Weighing particles at the attogram scale

System
MIT engineers have devised a way to measure the mass of particles with a resolution better than an attogram one millionth of a trillionth of a gram Weighing these tiny particles including both synthetic nanoparticles ... - Read More

Massive exoplanets may be more Earth-like than thought: 'Super-Earths' likely to have oceans, continents

Oceans
Massive terrestrial planets called super Earths are known to be common in our galaxy the Milky Way Now a Northwestern University astrophysicist and a University of Chicago geophysicist report the odds of these planets having ... - Read More

An improved, cost-effective catalyst for water-splitting devices

Solar energy appears to be the only form of renewable that can be exploited at level that matches the world's growing needs However it is equally necessary to find efficient ways to store solar energy ... - Read More

Acid mine drainage reduces radioactivity in fracking waste

Acid
Much of the naturally occurring radioactivity in fracking wastewater might be removed by blending it with another wastewater from acid mine drainage according to a Duke University led study Fracking wastewater and acid mine drainage ... - Read More

Organic mega flow battery promises breakthrough for renewable energy

Battery, Renewable energy, Renewable
A team of Harvard scientists and engineers has demonstrated a new type of battery that could fundamentally transform the way electricity is stored on the grid making power from renewable energy sources such as wind ... - Read More

On-demand vaccines possible with engineered nanoparticles

Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles
Vaccines combat diseases and protect populations from outbreaks but the life saving technology leaves room for improvement Vaccines usually are made en masse in centralized locations far removed from where they will be used They ... - Read More

The Play-by-Play of Energy Conversion: Catching Catalysts in Action

but some details remain hidden Beginning in 2015 the next generation National Synchrotron Light Source II NSLS II will provide even brighter x rays and the Center for Functional Nanomaterials CFN will operate the first ... - Read More

Cloud mystery solved: Global temperatures to rise at least 4°C by 2100

climate, Climate, climate
Global average temperatures will rise at least 4°C by 2100 and potentially more than 8°C by 2200 if carbon dioxide emissions are not reduced according to new research published in Nature Scientists found global climate ... - Read More

Polymer coatings based on molecular structures

Polymer
A novel method developed by researchers from Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT and Jacobs University Bremen enables manufacturing of polymer layers with tailor made properties and multiple functions A stable porous gel SURGEL for biological ... - Read More

Assumption about mercury in the Arctic overturned

For years scientists have assumed that if mercury is high and increasing in fish in the North American and European Arctic the same is true of fish elsewhere in the Arctic But a team of ... - Read More
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