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News articles about "Water"

NASA Goddard instrument makes first detection of organic matter on Mars

The team responsible for the Sample Analysis at Mars SAM instrument suite on NASA's Curiosity rover has made the first definitive detection of organic molecules at Mars Organic molecules are the building blocks of all ... - Read More

Cost of cloud brightening for cooler planet revealed

University of Manchester scientists have identified the most energy efficient way to make clouds more reflective to the sun in a bid to combat climate change Marine Cloud Brightening is a reversible geoengineering method proposed ... - Read More

Mobile radio passive radar makes harbors safer

Many coastal areas and harbors go almost unprotected against acts of terror Soon a new sensor system relying on signal echoes from cell towers can quickly detect even the smallest of attack boats This mobile ... - Read More

Oil-dwelling bacteria are social creatures in Earth's deep biosphere

Oil reservoirs are scattered deep inside Earth like far flung islands in the ocean so their inhabitants might be expected to be very different but a new study led by Dartmouth College and University of ... - Read More

No lead pollution in the oil sands region of Alberta, study says

Recent research from the University of Alberta reveals that contrary to current scientific knowledge there's no atmospheric lead pollution in the province's oil sands region William Shotyk a soil and water scientist who specializes in ... - Read More

Myelin linked to speedy recovery of human visual system after tumor removal

An interdisciplinary team of neuroscientists and neurosurgeons from the University of Rochester has used a new imaging technique to show how the human brain heals itself in just a few weeks following surgical removal of ... - Read More

NASA study shows 13-year record of drying Amazon caused vegetation declines

A 13 year decline in vegetation in the eastern and southeastern Amazon has been linked to a decade long rainfall decline in the region a new NASA funded study finds With global climate models projecting ... - Read More

Sampling rivers for genes rather than organisms

Effective environmental management depends on a detailed knowledge of the distribution of species But taxonomists are in short supply and some species can be difficult to identify even for experts Eawag in collaboration with Canton ... - Read More

New model to predict the thermal performance of vegetal façades

After years of monitoring different experimental buildings a group of researchers from the School of Architecture of Universidad Politécnica de Madrid has developed a model that can estimate the thermal performance of vegetal façades regarding ... - Read More

Solid-state proteins maximize intensity of fluorescent-protein-based lasers

The same research team that developed the first laser based on a living cell has shown that use of fluorescent proteins in a solid form rather than in solution greatly increases the intensity of light ... - Read More

New insights into predicting future droughts in California: Natural cycles, sea surface temperatures found to be main drivers in ongoing event

According to a new NOAA sponsored study natural oceanic and atmospheric patterns are the primary drivers behind California's ongoing drought A high pressure ridge off the West Coast typical of historic droughts prevailed for three ... - Read More

Storing hydrogen underground could boost transportation, energy security

Large scale storage of low pressure gaseous hydrogen in salt caverns and other underground sites for transportation fuel and grid scale energy applications offers several advantages over above ground storage says a recent Sandia National ... - Read More

The gold standard: Affordable catalyst for energy and environmental applications

Precious elements such as platinum work well as catalysts in chemical reactions but require large amounts of metal and can be expensive However computational modeling below the nanoscale level may allow researchers to design more ... - Read More

Fracking and pollution: Technology-dependent emissions of gas extraction in the US

Not all boreholes are the same Scientists of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT used mobile measurement equipment to analyze gaseous compounds emitted by the extraction of oil and natural gas in the USA For ... - Read More

Ultrafast complex molecular simulations by ‘cutting up molecules’

Scientists at ITbM Nagoya University and AIST have developed an ultrafast quantum chemical method which allows rapid and accurate simulations of complex molecular systems consisting of thousands of molecules Nagoya Japan Professor Stephan Irle and ... - Read More

Drugs in the environment affect plant growth

By assessing the impacts of a range of non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs the research has shown that the growth of edible crops can be affected by these chemicals even at the very low concentrations ... - Read More

'Family' matters when predicting ecosystems' reaction to global change

Humans are rapidly changing the look and function of earth's ecosystems from the increase of greenhouse gases to the unintentional and harmful spread of plants and animals to new environments A major challenge for ecologists ... - Read More

Chemicals released during natural gas extraction may harm reproduction, development

Unconventional oil and gas UOG operations combine directional drilling and hydraulic fracturing or fracking to release natural gas from underground rock Recent discussions have centered on potential air and water pollution from chemicals used in ... - Read More

Greenhouse gases linked to African rainfall

Scientists may have solved a long standing enigma known as the African Humid Period an intense increase in cumulative rainfall in parts of Africa that began after a long dry spell following the end of ... - Read More

Bioplastic: Greener than ever

Polylactic acid is a degradable plastic used mostly for packaging To meet the rising demand ETH researchers have developed an eco friendly process to make large amounts of lactic acid from glycerol a waste by ... - Read More
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