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News articles about "theoretical"

Unzipped nanotubes unlock potential for batteries

Battery
Researchers at Rice University have come up with a new way to boost the efficiency of the ubiquitous lithium ion LI battery by employing ribbons of graphene that start as carbon nanotubes Proof of concept ... - Read More

Spot-welding graphene nanoribbons atom by atom

Scientists at Aalto University Finland and Utrecht University the Netherlands have created single atom contacts between gold and graphene nanoribbons In their article published in Nature Communications the research team demonstrates how to make electrical ... - Read More

2-D electronics take a step forward: Semiconducting films for atom-thick circuits

Films
Scientists at Rice University and Oak Ridge National Laboratory ORNL have advanced on the goal of two dimensional electronics with a method to control the growth of uniform atomic layers of molybdenum disulfide MDS MDS ... - Read More

'Long-awaited explanation' for mysterious effects in high-temperature superconductors

Temperature, temperature
A German French research team has constructed a new model that explains how the so called pseudogap state forms in high temperature superconductors The calculations predict two coexisting electron orders Below a certain temperature superconductors ... - Read More

2011 Draconid meteor shower deposited a ton of meteoritic material on Earth

Material, Earth, Material, earth
About a ton of material coming from comet 21P Giacobini Zinner was deposited in the Earth's atmosphere on October 8th and 9th 2011 during one of the most intense showers of shooting starts in the ... - Read More

Second life for possible spintronic materials: Manganese, gallium nitride merged in uniform layer

Materials, materials
Ten years ago scientists were convinced that a combination of manganese and gallium nitride could be a key material to create spintronics the next generation of electronic devices that operate on properties found at the ... - Read More

Resistivity switch is window to role of magnetism in iron-based superconductors

Properties
Physicists at the U S Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered surprising changes in electrical resistivity in iron based superconductors The findings reported in Nature Communications offer further evidence that magnetism and superconductivity are ... - Read More

Even with defects, graphene is strongest material in the world

Material, Material
In a new study published in Science Columbia Engineering researchers demonstrate that graphene even if stitched together from many small crystalline grains is almost as strong as graphene in its perfect crystalline form This work ... - Read More

High-efficiency zinc-air battery developed

Battery
Stanford University scientists have developed an advanced zinc air battery with higher catalytic activity and durability than similar batteries made with costly platinum and iridium catalysts The results published in the May 7 online edition ... - Read More

Discovery by physicists furthers understanding of superconductivity: Experiments show Zhang-Rice singlet state in different class of materials

Physicists at the University of Arkansas have collaborated with scientists in the United States and Asia to discover that a crucial ingredient of high temperature superconductivity could be found in an entirely different class of ... - Read More

Crystal-clear method for distinguishing between glass and fluids

Glass, Crystal
Many solids are produced from melting Depending on how quickly they cool off invariably internal tensile stresses begin to build up One example are Prince Rupert's Drops or Dutch tears you can hit their thick ... - Read More

A quantum simulator for magnetic materials

Physicists understand perfectly well why a fridge magnet sticks to certain metallic surfaces But there are more exotic forms of magnetism whose properties remain unclear despite decades of intense research An important step towards filling ... - Read More

New method for tailoring optical processors

Optical, Optical
Rice University scientists have unveiled a robust new method for arranging metal nanoparticles in geometric patterns that can act as optical processors that transform incoming light signals into output of a different color The breakthrough ... - Read More

Kinks and curves at the nanoscale: New research shows 'perfect twin boundaries' are not so perfect

Nanoscale, Nanoscale, nanoscale
One of the basic principles of nanotechnology is that when you make things extremely small one nanometer is about five atoms wide 100 000 times smaller than the diameter of a human hair they are ... - Read More

Add boron for better batteries

Lithium
Frustration led to revelation when Rice University scientists determined how graphene might be made useful for high capacity batteries Calculations by the Rice lab of theoretical physicist Boris Yakobson found a graphene boron anode should ... - Read More

World's smallest liquid droplets ever made in the lab, experiment suggests

Collisions
Physicists may have created the smallest drops of liquid ever made in the lab That possibility has been raised by the results of a recent experiment conducted by Vanderbilt physicist Julia Velkovska and her colleagues ... - Read More

Observation of second sound in a quantum gas

Sound, Gas
Second sound is a quantum mechanical phenomenon which has been observed only in superfluid helium Physicists from the University of Innsbruck Austria in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Trento Italy have now proven ... - Read More

Elucidating energy shifts in optical tweezers

Physicists are providing an all in one guide to help calculate the effect the use of optical tweezers has on the energy levels of atoms under study A small piece of paper sticks to an ... - Read More

Discovery of new gigantic swelling phenomenon of layered crystal driven by water

A research group at the International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics MANA of NIMS discovered an intriguing phenomenon in which an inorganic layered crystal expanded and contracted by 100 times its original size in a few ... - Read More

Mysterious catalyst explained: How tiny gold particles aid the production of plastic components

Catalyst
From methanol to formaldehyde this reaction is the starting point for the synthesis of many everyday plastics Using catalysts made of gold particles formaldehyde could be produced without the environmentally hazardous waste generated in conventional ... - Read More
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