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News articles about "theoretical"

Novel material for cooling of electronic devices discovered

Material, Material
A team of theoretical physicists at the U S Naval Research Laboratory NRL and Boston College has identified cubic boron arsenide as a material with an extraordinarily high thermal conductivity and the potential to transfer ... - Read More

How does hydrogen metallize?

Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, hydrogen
Hydrogen is deceptively simple It has only a single electron per atom but it powers the sun and forms the majority of the observed universe As such it is naturally exposed to the entire range ... - Read More

Behavior of turbulent flow of superfluids is opposite that of ordinary fluids

Physics, Physics
A superfluid moves like a completely frictionless liquid seemingly able to propel itself without any hindrance from gravity or surface tension The physics underlying these materials which appear to defy the conventional laws of physics ... - Read More

Watching catalysts at work at the atomic scale

Atomic, Catalysts
Developing materials with novel catalytic properties is one of the most important tasks in energy research It is especially important to understand the dynamic processes involved in catalysis at the atomic scale such as the ... - Read More

Protons hop from one water molecule to another given suitable energy conditions

Molecule, molecule
Protons as positively charged hydrogen ions move very rapidly in water from one water molecule to the next which is why the conductivity of water is relatively high The principle of proton conduction in water ... - Read More

Evaporation: Tiny temperature differences are primary driving force in droplet evaporation

Evaporation
Evaporation is so common that everybody thinks it's a well understood phenomenon Appearances can be however deceptive Recently a new earlier not predicted mechanism of evaporation was discovered Experiments and simulations performed at the Institute ... - Read More

Graphene 'onion rings' have delicious potential

Carbon, carbon
Concentric hexagons of graphene grown in a furnace at Rice University represent the first time anyone has synthesized graphene nanoribbons on metal from the bottom up atom by atom As seen under a microscope the ... - Read More

New nanoscale imaging method finds application in plasmonics

Nanoscale, Nanoscale, nanoscale
Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST and the University of Maryland have shown how to make nanoscale measurements of critical properties of plasmonic nanomaterials the specially engineered nanostructures that modify the ... - Read More

Levitation: Droplets surfing on sound waves

Sound, Sound waves
ETH researchers are able to make objects such as particles and liquid droplets fly in mid air by letting them ride on acoustic waves For the first time they have been able to also control ... - Read More

Physicists offer novel insight into experimental cancer treatment

Cancer treatment, cancer, treatment
Physicists from the University of York have carried out new research into how the heating effect of an experimental cancer treatment works Magnetic hyperthermia is viewed as an attractive approach for the treatment of certain ... - Read More

Biologists name newly discovered threadworm after physicist Max Planck

Biology, biology, Biology
Biologists in Tübingen working with Ralf J Sommer have named a newly discovered nematode after a German Nobel laureate Pristionchus maxplancki is thus the first species to carry the name of the scientist who died ... - Read More

A new way to trap light: Phenomenon could lead to new types of lasers and sensors

Light, Light
There are several ways to trap a beam of light usually with mirrors other reflective surfaces or high tech materials such as photonic crystals But now researchers at MIT have discovered a new method to ... - Read More

Supercooled water transforms into new form of liquid

Water, Water, Water
Researchers at the University of Arkansas have identified that water when chilled to a very low temperature transforms into a new form of liquid Through a simulation performed in “supercooled” water a research team led ... - Read More

Researchers Identify Transformation in Low-Temperature Water

Researchers at the University of Arkansas have identified that water when chilled to a very low temperature transforms into a new form of liquid Through a simulation performed in “supercooled” water a research team led ... - Read More

Unlikely competitor for diamond as best thermal conductor: Boron arsenide potential for cooling applications

An unlikely material cubic boron arsenide could deliver an extraordinarily high thermal conductivity on par with the industry standard set by costly diamond researchers report in the current issue of the journal Physical Review Letters ... - Read More

Clarification of dynamical process of aluminum surface oxidation

Reaction, Reaction, Adsorption, Adsorption
Dr Mitsunori Kurahashi a Principal Researcher of the NIMS Nano Characterization Unit and Dr Yasushi Yamauchi a Group Leader in the same unit presented decisive evidence clarifying the dynamical process of aluminum surface oxidation by ... - Read More

New method to generate Laughlin states with atomic systems

In 1998 the Nobel Prize in Physics was conferred to the discovery of a new type of quantum fluid with fractional charge excitations known as Laughlin state The production of this quantum state which explains ... - Read More

Tiny nanocubes help scientists tell left from right

Chiral
In chemical reactions left and right can make a big difference A left handed molecule of a particular chemical composition could be an effective drug while its mirror image right handed counterpart could be completely ... - Read More

Exotic alloys for potential energy applications

The search for thermoelectrics exotic materials that convert heat directly into electricity has received a boost from researchers at the California Institute of Technology and the University of Tokyo who have found the best way ... - Read More

Researchers unmask Janus-faced nature of mechanical forces with supercomputer

Reaction, Reaction
The harder you pull the quicker it goes At least that used to be the rule in mechanochemistry a method that researchers apply to set chemical reactions in motion by means of mechanical forces However ... - Read More
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