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News articles about "theoretical"

Atomically thick metal membranes

For the first time researchers have shown that freestanding metal membranes consisting of a single layer of atoms can be stable under ambient conditions This result of an international research team from Germany Poland and ... - Read More

Oxygen's different shapes described

Oxygen 16 one of the key elements of life on earth is produced by a series of reactions inside of red giant stars Now a team of physicists including one from North Carolina State University ... - Read More

Nanoscale optical switch breaks miniaturization barrier

An ultra fast and ultra small optical switch has been invented that could advance the day when photons replace electrons in the innards of consumer products ranging from cell phones to automobiles The new optical ... - Read More

Big data tackles tiny molecular machines

Open feed cut Such is the humdrum life of a motor molecule the subject of new research at Rice University that eats and excretes damaged proteins and turns them into harmless peptides for disposal The ... - Read More

Pulling polymers leads to new insights into their mechanical behavior

In collaboration with colleagues from Berlin and Madrid researchers at the Department of Physics at the University of Basel have pulled up isolated molecular chains from a gold surface using the tip of an atomic ... - Read More

Extraordinary momentum and spin discovered in evanescent light waves

A team of researchers from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science CEMS in Japan has identified unexpected dynamic properties of a type of light wave called evanescent waves These surprising findings contrast sharply with ... - Read More

Ultra sensitive detection of radio waves with lasers

Radio waves are used for many measurements and applications for example in communication with mobile phones MRI scans scientific experiments and cosmic observations But 'noise' in the detector of the measuring instrument limits how sensitive ... - Read More

Staying cool in the nanoelectric universe by getting hot

Hot, Hot
As smartphones tablets and other gadgets become smaller and more sophisticated the heat they generate while in use increases This is a growing problem because it can cause the electronics inside the gadgets to fail ... - Read More

Unlocking the brain's secrets using sound

The brain is a reclusive organ Neurons the cells that make up the brain nerves and spinal cord communicate with each other using electrical pulses known as action potentials but their interactions are complicated and ... - Read More

Solar-power device would use heat to enhance efficiency

Heat
A new approach to harvesting solar energy developed by MIT researchers could improve efficiency by using sunlight to heat a high temperature material whose infrared radiation would then be collected by a conventional photovoltaic cell ... - Read More

Researchers 'detune' a molecule: Scientists control the bonds between atoms in a buckyball

Molecule, molecule
Rice University scientists have found they can control the bonds between atoms in a molecule The molecule in question is carbon 60 also known as the buckminsterfullerene and the buckyball discovered at Rice in 1985. ... - Read More

Hugging hemes help electrons hop

Electrons, Electrons, Electrons
Researchers simulating how certain bacteria run electrical current through tiny molecular wires have discovered a secret Nature uses for electron travel The results are key to understanding how the bacteria do chemistry in the ground ... - Read More

Researchers invent 'sideways' approach to 2-D hybrid materials

Materials, materials
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee Knoxville have pioneered a new technique for forming a two dimensional single atom sheet of two different materials with a ... - Read More

Quantum mechanics explains efficiency of photosynthesis

Photosynthesis
Light gathering macromolecules in plant cells transfer energy by taking advantage of molecular vibrations whose physical descriptions have no equivalents in classical physics according to the first unambiguous theoretical evidence of quantum effects in photosynthesis ... - Read More

Supercomputers join search for 'cheapium': Brute force computing used to find new materials

In the search for cheaper materials that mimic their purer more expensive counterparts researchers are abandoning hunches and intuition for theoretical models and pure computing power In a new study researchers from Duke University's Pratt ... - Read More

Negative temperature negated

Negative temperature
Over the past 60 years several theories and experiments have claimed the existence of negative absolute temperatures in certain quantum systems This fuelled speculations about hyper efficient heat engines that could act as perpetual motion ... - Read More

Ways of the photoelectric effect; How physicists have learned how to select them

In contrast to its apparent simplicity that brought Einstein his Nobel Prize the photoelectric effect when an electron is knocked out from its parent atom by a photon is quite complicated to analyze in general ... - Read More

New salt compounds challenge the foundation of chemistry

Salt, Compounds
All good research breaks new ground but rarely does the research unearth truths that challenge the foundation of a science That's what Artem R Oganov has done and the professor of theoretical crystallography in the ... - Read More

SBU Team Discovers New Compounds that Challenge the Foundation of Chemistry

that even in well defined systems like sodium chloride you can find totally new chemistry and totally new and very exciting materials ” Oganov says “It’s like discovering a new continent now we need to ... - Read More

Oil- and metal-munching microbes dominate deep sandstone formations

Analysis
Halomonas are a hardy breed of bacteria They can withstand heat high salinity low oxygen utter darkness and pressures that would kill most other organisms These traits enable these microbes to eke out a living ... - Read More
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