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News articles about "theoretical"

Researchers 'detune' a molecule: Scientists control the bonds between atoms in a buckyball

Molecule, molecule
Rice University scientists have found they can control the bonds between atoms in a molecule The molecule in question is carbon 60 also known as the buckminsterfullerene and the buckyball discovered at Rice in 1985. ... - Read More

Hugging hemes help electrons hop

Electrons, Electrons, Electrons
Researchers simulating how certain bacteria run electrical current through tiny molecular wires have discovered a secret Nature uses for electron travel The results are key to understanding how the bacteria do chemistry in the ground ... - Read More

Researchers invent 'sideways' approach to 2-D hybrid materials

Materials, materials
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee Knoxville have pioneered a new technique for forming a two dimensional single atom sheet of two different materials with a ... - Read More

Quantum mechanics explains efficiency of photosynthesis

Photosynthesis
Light gathering macromolecules in plant cells transfer energy by taking advantage of molecular vibrations whose physical descriptions have no equivalents in classical physics according to the first unambiguous theoretical evidence of quantum effects in photosynthesis ... - Read More

Supercomputers join search for 'cheapium': Brute force computing used to find new materials

In the search for cheaper materials that mimic their purer more expensive counterparts researchers are abandoning hunches and intuition for theoretical models and pure computing power In a new study researchers from Duke University's Pratt ... - Read More

Negative temperature negated

Negative temperature
Over the past 60 years several theories and experiments have claimed the existence of negative absolute temperatures in certain quantum systems This fuelled speculations about hyper efficient heat engines that could act as perpetual motion ... - Read More

Ways of the photoelectric effect; How physicists have learned how to select them

In contrast to its apparent simplicity that brought Einstein his Nobel Prize the photoelectric effect when an electron is knocked out from its parent atom by a photon is quite complicated to analyze in general ... - Read More

New salt compounds challenge the foundation of chemistry

Salt, Compounds
All good research breaks new ground but rarely does the research unearth truths that challenge the foundation of a science That's what Artem R Oganov has done and the professor of theoretical crystallography in the ... - Read More

SBU Team Discovers New Compounds that Challenge the Foundation of Chemistry

that even in well defined systems like sodium chloride you can find totally new chemistry and totally new and very exciting materials ” Oganov says “It’s like discovering a new continent now we need to ... - Read More

Oil- and metal-munching microbes dominate deep sandstone formations

Analysis
Halomonas are a hardy breed of bacteria They can withstand heat high salinity low oxygen utter darkness and pressures that would kill most other organisms These traits enable these microbes to eke out a living ... - Read More

Small size enhances charge transfer in quantum dots

Quantum dots
Quantum dots tiny semiconductor crystals with diameters measured in billionths of a meter have enormous potential for applications that make use of their ability to absorb or emit light and or electric charges Examples include ... - Read More

Ultrafast heating of water: This pot boils faster than you can watch it

Water, Water, Water
Scientists from the Hamburg Center for Free Electron Laser Science have devised a novel way to boil water in less than a trillionth of a second The theoretical concept which has not yet been demonstrated ... - Read More

Nanoscale friction: High energy losses in the vicinity of charge density waves

Friction, Density
In collaboration with the University of Basel an international team of researchers has observed a strong energy loss caused by frictional effects in the vicinity of charge density waves This may have practical significance in ... - Read More

Revolutionary method for gluing gels and biological tissues

Gels, biological
Researchers have discovered an efficient and easy to use method for bonding together gels and biological tissues A team headed by Ludwik Leibler involving researchers from the Laboratoire Matière Molle et Chimie CNRS ESPCI ParisTech ... - Read More

Smashing science: Scientists discover how explosives respond to shockwaves

Science, Science
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have combined ultrafast time resolved experimental measurements with theory to reveal how an explosive responds to a high impact shock The work involved advances in both ultrafast experimental shock wave ... - Read More

Revolutionizing solar energy: Quantum waves found at the heart of organic solar cells

Solar energy
Researchers have been able to tune ‘coherence’ in organic nanostructures due to the surprise discovery of wavelike electrons in organic materials revealing the key to generating “long lived charges” in organic solar cells material that ... - Read More

Programming smart molecules: Machine-learning algorithms could make chemical reactions intelligent

Computer scientists at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences SEAS and the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University have joined forces to put powerful probabilistic reasoning algorithms in the hands ... - Read More

Polymers can behave like insulators, semiconductors and metals -- as well as semimetals

Metals
Polymers can behave like insulators semiconductors and metals as well as semimetals Twenty researchers under the leadership of Xavier Crispin Docent in organic electronics at Linköping University are behind the breakthrough published in Nature Materials ... - Read More

Three-dimensional view helps laser in building new molecules

Building, molecules
Scientists have developed a new feedback method for optimizing the laser pulse shapes used in the control of chemical reactions In many ways traditional chemical synthesis is similar to cooking To alter the final product ... - Read More

Amoeboid swimming: Crawling in a fluid

Fluid
Researchers from CNRS Inserm and Université Joseph Fourier Grenoble have developed a particularly simple model that reproduces the swimming mechanism of amoebas They show that by changing shape these single cell organisms propel themselves forward ... - Read More
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