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News articles about "theoretical"

Wonder material silicene still stands just out of reach

Silicene is the thinnest form of silicon It is metallic has graphene like mobile carriers and can behave like a semiconductor The wonder material could lead to even smaller electronics but challenges remain in this ... - Read More

Predicting properties of the surface of titanium dioxide crystals

An article in Physical Review Letters which was written by a group of researchers led by Qinggao Wang from MIPT's Laboratory of Computer Design of New Materials investigates the surface of titanium dioxide crystals We ... - Read More

Glass for battery electrodes

For some time now energy experts have been adamant that we will need much more clean energy in the future if we are to replace fossil fuel sources and reduce CO2 emissions For example electric ... - Read More

Neutrinos can deliver not only full-on hits but also 'glancing blows'

In what they call a weird little corner of the already weird world of neutrinos physicists have found evidence that these tiny particles might be involved in a surprising reaction Neutrinos are famous for almost ... - Read More

How electrons split: New evidence of exotic behaviors

Electrons may be seen as small magnets that also carry a negative electrical charge On a fundamental level these two properties are indivisible However in certain materials where the electrons are constrained in a quasi ... - Read More

A 'GPS' for molecules

In everyday life the global positioning system GPS can be employed to reliably determine the momentary location of one en route to the desired destination Scientists from the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry of ... - Read More

Possible avenue to better electrolyte for lithium ion batteries

The lithium ion batteries that mobilize our electronic devices need to be improved if they are to power electric vehicles or store electrical energy for the grid Berkeley Lab researchers looking for a better understanding ... - Read More

Graphene 'cut and paste' with microwaves

Scientists in Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow have revealed a variety of transformations taking place on carbon surface under the influence of metal nanoparticles and microwaves Graphene cut and paste with metal nanoparticles was carried ... - Read More

Breakthrough in predictions of pressure-dependent combustion chemical reactions

Researchers at Sandia and Argonne national laboratories have demonstrated for the first time a method to successfully predict pressure dependent chemical reaction rates It's an important breakthrough in combustion and atmospheric chemistry that is expected ... - Read More

Future batteries: Lithium-sulfur with a graphene wrapper

What do you get when you wrap a thin sheet of the wonder material graphene around a novel multifunctional sulfur electrode that combines an energy storage unit and electron ion transfer networks An extremely promising ... - Read More

The simplest element: Turning hydrogen into 'graphene'

New work from Carnegie's Ivan Naumov and Russell Hemley delves into the chemistry underlying some surprising recent observations about hydrogen and reveals remarkable parallels between hydrogen and graphene under extreme pressures Their work is the ... - Read More

Scientists measure speedy electrons in silicon

he entire semiconductor industry not to mention Silicon Valley is built on the propensity of electrons in silicon to get kicked out of their atomic shells and become free These mobile electrons are routed and ... - Read More

Defects are perfect in laser-induced graphene

Researchers at Rice University have created flexible patterned sheets of multilayer graphene from a cheap polymer by burning it with a computer controlled laser The process works in air at room temperature and eliminates the ... - Read More

Theory details how 'hot' monomers affect thin-film formation

Like a baseball player sliding into third a hot monomer skids in a straight line along a cold surface until it's safely among its fellow molecules This is not what usually happens when scientists assemble ... - Read More

Ultrafast complex molecular simulations by ‘cutting up molecules’

Scientists at ITbM Nagoya University and AIST have developed an ultrafast quantum chemical method which allows rapid and accurate simulations of complex molecular systems consisting of thousands of molecules Nagoya Japan Professor Stephan Irle and ... - Read More

A new look at the finer details of rust show an assumed atomic structure has been wrong all along

Magnetite or Fe3O4 is an elaborate kind of rust a regular lattice of oxygen and iron atoms But this material plays an increasingly important role as a catalyst in electronic devices and in medical applications ... - Read More

Taming neural excitations: Pulses might one day lead to controlling harmful signals such as those in strokes

A theoretical study of short and long range effects on neural excitation pulses might one day lead to controlling harmful signals such as those in strokes What do lasers neural networks and spreading epidemics have ... - Read More

Research confirms how global warming links to carbon emissions

Research has identified for the first time how global warming is related to the amount of carbon emitted A team of researchers from the universities of Southampton Bristol and Liverpool have derived the first theoretical ... - Read More

Scanning tunneling microscopy: Computer simulations sharpen insights into molecules

The resolution of scanning tunnelling microscopes can be improved dramatically by attaching small molecules or atoms to their tip The resulting images were the first to show the geometric structure of molecules and have generated ... - Read More

Sweet smell of success: Researchers boost methyl ketone production in e. coli

Two years ago researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Joint BioEnergy Institute JBEI engineered Escherichia coli E coli bacteria to convert glucose into significant quantities of methyl ketones a class of chemical compounds ... - Read More
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