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News articles about "theoretical"

Particle jets reveal the secrets of the most exotic state of matter

Shortly following the Big Bang the Universe was filled with a chaotic primordial soup of quarks and gluons particles which are now trapped inside of protons and neutrons Study of this quark gluon plasma requires ... - Read More

Polymers designed for protection

Today's Soldiers rely on polymers as part of their protective systems Polymers are molecular chains that can vary from a few linked monomers to millions of chemical units With highly tunable properties and versatile processing ... - Read More

How rivers creep, flow to shape landscapes over time

Rivers drive the evolution of Earth's surface by eroding and depositing sediment But for nearly a century geologists have puzzled over why theoretical models which use principles of physics to predict patterns of sediment transport ... - Read More

Full-annual-cycle models track migratory bird populations throughout the year

Ignoring the wintering ranges of migratory birds when studying their populations is like doing a puzzle with half of the pieces missing In a new Review published this week in The Auk Ornithological Advances Jeffrey ... - Read More

Freeze! Watching alloys change from liquid to solid could lead to better metals

If you put a camera in the ice machine and watched water turn into ice the process would look simple But the mechanism behind liquids turning to solids is actually quite complex and understanding it ... - Read More

Aerogel catalyst shows promise for fuel cells: Unzipped nanotubes turned into possible alternative for platinum

Graphene nanoribbons formed into a three dimensional aerogel and enhanced with boron and nitrogen are excellent catalysts for fuel cells even in comparison to platinum according to Rice University researchers A team led by materials ... - Read More

First direct observation of carbon dioxide's increasing greenhouse effect at Earth's surface

Scientists have observed an increase in carbon dioxide's greenhouse effect at Earth's surface for the first time The researchers led by scientists from the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab measured ... - Read More

Novel pretreatment could cut biofuel costs by 30 percent or more

Researchers at the University of California Riverside have invented a novel pretreatment technology that could cut the cost of biofuels production by about 30 percent or more by dramatically reducing the amount of enzymes needed ... - Read More

Stretch and relax: Losing one electron switches magnetism on in dichromium

Scientists have used the unique Nanocluster Trap experimental station at the BESSY II synchrotron radiation source at Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin and published their results in the Journal Angewandte Chemie The electronic structure and bonding of ... - Read More

Simulating superconducting materials with ultracold atoms

Using ultracold atoms as a stand in for electrons a Rice University based team of physicists has simulated superconducting materials and made headway on a problem that's vexed physicists for nearly three decades The research ... - Read More

Quantum many-body systems on the way back to equilibrium

Advances in experimental and theoretical physics enable a deeper understanding of the dynamics and properties of quantum many body systems Considering that one cubic centimetre of matter already contains about 1019 to 1023 particles it ... - Read More

Getting a grip on exotic atomic nuclei

A new model describing atomic nuclei proposed by a physicist from the University of Warsaw Faculty of Physics more accurately predicts the properties of various exotic isotopes that are created in supernova explosions or inside ... - Read More

Classical nova explosions are major lithium factories in the universe

A team of astronomers from National Astronomical Observatory of Japan NAOJ Osaka Kyoiku University Nagoya University and Kyoto Sangyo University observed Nova Delphini 2013 which occurred on August 14 2013. Using the 8.2 meter Subaru ... - Read More

Searching for signs of a force from the 'dark side' in particle collisions

Scientists searching for signs of elusive dark photons as an explanation for an anomaly in a groundbreaking physics experiment have nearly ruled out their role Though the postulated particles could still exist as carriers of ... - Read More

Nanotechnology: Better measurements of single molecule circuits

It's nearly 50 years since Gordon Moore predicted that the density of transistors on an integrated circuit would double every two years Moore's Law has turned out to be a self fulfilling prophecy that technologists ... - Read More

A rapid extension of nanographene sheets from readily available hydrocarbons

The rapid and uniform construction of nanographene sheets has now become possible in a precisely controlled manner from a new catalytic system developed by a team of chemists at the Institute of Transformative Bio Molecules ... - Read More

Half spheres for molecular circuits

Corannulene is a carbon molecule with a unique shape similar to the better known fullerene and promising properties A team of scientists from SISSA and the University of Zurich carried out computer simulations of the ... - Read More

In silico method to predict effectiveness of cognitive enhancers

The Biogerontology Research Foundation BGRF a UK based charity committed to the support of aging research to address the challenges of a rapidly aging population and to reduce the impact of disease on future generations ... - Read More

How iron feels the heat

As you heat up a piece of iron the arrangement of the iron atoms changes several times before melting This unusual behavior is one reason why steel in which iron plays a starring role is ... - Read More

The future of electronics, now in 2-D

The future of electronics could lie in a material from its past as researchers from The Ohio State University work to turn germanium the material of 1940s transistors into a potential replacement for silicon At ... - Read More
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