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News articles about "theoretical"

Scientists propose existence and interaction of parallel worlds: Many Interacting Worlds theory challenges foundations of quantum science

Griffith University academics are challenging the foundations of quantum science with a radical new theory based on the existence of and interactions between parallel universes In a paper published in the journal Physical Review X ... - Read More

Ion adsorption matter in biology

Date October 30 2014 Source Springer Summary Biological membranes are mainly composed of lipid bilayers Gaining a better understanding of adsorption of solution ions onto lipid membranes helps clarify functional processes in biological cells A ... - Read More

Biology meets geometry: Geometry of a common cellular structure explored

Architecture imitates life at least when it comes to those spiral ramps in multistory parking garages Stacked and connecting parallel levels the ramps are replications of helical structures found in a ubiquitous membrane structure in ... - Read More

Could I squeeze by you? Scientists model molecular movement within narrow channels of mesoporous nanoparticles

Scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have developed deeper understanding of the ideal design for mesoporous nanoparticles used in catalytic reactions such as hydrocarbon conversion to biofuels The research will help ... - Read More

Cooling to almost absolute zero with magnetic molecules

An international team of scientists have become the first ever researchers to successfully reach temperatures below minus 272.15 degrees Celsius only just above absolute zero using magnetic molecules The physicists and chemists are presenting their ... - Read More

Scientists disprove theory that reconstructed boron surface is metallic

Scientific inquiry is a hit and miss proposition subject to constant checking and rechecking Recently a new class of materials was discovered called topological insulators nonmetallic materials with a metallic surface capable of conducting electrons ... - Read More

Super stable garnet ceramics may be ideal for high-energy lithium batteries

Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have discovered exceptional properties in a garnet material that could enable development of higher energy battery designs The ORNL led team used scanning transmission electron ... - Read More

Crystallography: Towards controlled dislocations

Crystallographic defects or irregularities known as dislocations are often found within crystalline materials Two main types of dislocation exist edge and screw type However dislocations found in real materials tend to be a mix of ... - Read More

Wild molecular interactions in a new hydrogen mixture

Hydrogen the most abundant element in the cosmos responds to extremes of pressure and temperature differently Under ambient conditions hydrogen is a gaseous two atom molecule As confinement pressure increases the molecules adopt different states ... - Read More

A new piece in the high-temperature superconductivity puzzle: 'Dressing' in superconductors

The physical mechanism that generates superconductivity in materials at high critical temperature like cuprates which appear to be among the most promising materials for technological applications remains a mystery So far experimental observations haven't clarified ... - Read More

Unique catalysts for hydrogen fuel cells synthesized in ordinary kitchen microwave oven

Swedish and Chinese researchers show how a unique nano alloy composed of palladium nano islands embedded in tungsten nanoparticles creates a new type of catalysts for highly efficient oxygen reduction the most important reaction in ... - Read More

Chemists uncover new role of a key base in organic synthesis

An international team of chemists has discovered a new piece to the puzzle of how a powerful base used in organic synthesis cesium carbonate plays a pivotal role during a catalytic reaction The research published ... - Read More

Rare 'baby rattle' molecules reveal new quantum properties of H2O and H2

The experiments were carried out on endofullerenes molecules of C60 into which smaller molecules of hydrogen H2 had been inserted The results published in Physical Review Letters represent the first known example of a quantum ... - Read More

Rare 'baby rattle' molecules reveal new quantum properties of H2O and H2

The experiments were carried out on endofullerenes molecules of C60 into which smaller molecules of hydrogen H2 had been inserted The results published in Physical Review Letters represent the first known example of a quantum ... - Read More

Physics determined ammonite shell shape

Ammonites are a group of extinct cephalopod mollusks with ribbed spiral shells They are exceptionally diverse and well known to fossil lovers Régis Chirat researcher at the Laboratoire de Géologie de Lyon Terre Planètes et ... - Read More

Discovery of new subatomic particle, type of meson, to 'transform' understanding of fundamental force of nature

The discovery of a new particle will transform our understanding of the fundamental force of nature that binds the nuclei of atoms researchers argue Led by scientists from the University of Warwick the discovery of ... - Read More

'Cyberwar' against cancer gets a boost from intelligent nanocarriers

Two years ago Prof Eshel Ben Jacob of Tel Aviv University's School of Physics and Astronomy and Rice University's Center for Theoretical Biological Physics made the startling discovery that cancer like an enemy hacker in ... - Read More

Atmospheric chemistry hinges on better physics model

New theoretical physics models could help us better grasp the atmospheric chemistry of ozone depletion Indeed understanding photoabsorption of nitrous oxide N2O a process which involves the transfer of the energy of a photon to ... - Read More

All directions are not created equal for nanoscale heat sources

Thermal considerations are rapidly becoming one of the most serious design constraints in microelectronics especially on submicron scale lengths A study by researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign has shown that standard ... - Read More

Nanotechnology: Fullerene spheres can be used to slide in the nanoworld

Nano machines around one billionth of a metre in size of the future will need tiny devices to reduce friction and make movement possible The C60 molecule also known as fullerene or buckyball seemed to ... - Read More
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