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News articles about "theoretical"

Vanishing da Vinci: Nondestructive way to determine state of degradation of ancient works of art

One of Leonardo da Vinci's masterpieces drawn in red chalk on paper during the early 1500s and widely believed to be a self portrait is in extremely poor condition Centuries of exposure to humid storage ... - Read More

Exciton detected in metal for first time: Microscopic quantum mechanical description of how light excites electrons in metals

University of Pittsburgh researchers have become the first to detect a fundamental particle of light matter interaction in metals the exciton The team will publish its work online June 1 in Nature Physics Humankind has ... - Read More

Creating tabletop light sources in the lab: Physicist builds useful light source from harmonic generation

A Kansas State University physicist's proposal may lead to a new way of creating tabletop light sources in the laboratory Cheng Jin research associate in physics Chii Dong Lin university distinguished professor of physics and ... - Read More

Novel laser system mimics sunlight to test solar cell efficiency

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have developed a laser based instrument that generates artificial sunlight to help test solar cell properties and find ways to boost their efficiency The novel ... - Read More

First real-time movies of the light-to-current conversion in an organic solar cell

Photovoltaic cells directly convert sun light into electricity and hence are key technological devices to meet one of the challenges that humankind has to face in this century a sustainable and clean production of renewable ... - Read More

First real time movies of the light-to-current conversion in an organic solar cell

Photovoltaic cells directly convert sun light into electricity and hence are key technological devices to meet one of the challenges that humankind has to face in this century a sustainable and clean production of renewable ... - Read More

Particles near absolute zero do not break the laws of physics after all

A change of models demystifies anomalous particle behaviour at very low temperatures confirming that the third law of thermodynamics has not been violated In theory the laws of physics are absolute However when it comes ... - Read More

Surface physics: Leaving the islands

In a recent study involving researchers from Ludwig Maximilians Universitaet LMU in Munich the desorption of oxygen molecules from a silver surface was successfully visualized for the first time The effects account for the shortcomings ... - Read More

Molecules do the triple twist

They are three dimensional and yet single sided Moebius strips These twisted objects have only one side and one edge and they put our imagination to the test Under the leadership of Kiel University's chemist ... - Read More

Not all diamonds are forever: Researchers see nanodiamonds created in coal fade away in seconds

Images taken by Rice University scientists show that some diamonds are not forever The Rice researchers behind a new study that explains the creation of nanodiamonds in treated coal also show that some microscopic diamonds ... - Read More

Cedars-Sinai Study Identifies Heart-Specific Protein That Protects Against Arrhythmia

Released 5 13 2014 5 30 PM EDTEmbargo expired 5 18 2014 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Cedars Sinai Medical Center more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations ... - Read More

Light waves allow preferred bond breaking in symmetric molecules

Chemical bonds between carbon and hydrogen atoms are amongst the strongest in nature and their selective breaking in particular in symmetric molecules is of interest to chemical synthesis and the development of new biologically active ... - Read More

Nanoscale heat flow predictions: Environmentally-friendly and cost-effective nanometric-scale energy devices

Heat flow in novel nanomaterials could help in creating environmentally friendly and cost effective nanometric scale energy devices Physicists are now designing novel materials with physical properties tailored to meet specific energy consumption needs Before ... - Read More

Graphene for real-world devices: New research in phonon scattering sheds more light on graphene as a replacement for silicon

Graphene a one atom thick form of the carbon material graphite has been hailed as a wonder material strong light nearly transparent and an excellent conductor of electricity and heat But a number of practical ... - Read More

Evolution in species may reverse predator-prey population cycles

Populations of predators and their prey usually follow predictable cycles When the number of prey increases perhaps as their food supply becomes more abundant predator populations also grow When the predator population becomes too large ... - Read More

Breaking up water: Controlling molecular vibrations to produce hydrogen

Natural gas methane can be converted into hydrogen H2 which is used in clean energy synthetic fertilizers and many other chemicals The reaction requires water and a nickel catalyst Methane and water molecules attach on ... - Read More

Solving a mystery of thermoelectrics: Analysis of phase-change materials

Materials that can be used for thermoelectric devices those that turn a temperature difference into an electric voltage have been known for decades But until now there has been no good explanation for why just ... - Read More

Scientists track ripples in freestanding graphene for first time

An international team of scientists led by physicists at the University of Arkansas has tracked the dynamic movement of ripples in freestanding graphene at the atomic level This discovery advances the fundamental understanding of one ... - Read More

Flexible battery, no lithium required: Lab creates thin-film battery for portable, wearable electronics

A Rice University laboratory has flexible portable and wearable electronics in its sights with the creation of a thin film for energy storage Rice chemist James Tour and his colleagues have developed a flexible material ... - Read More

Rare-earth-like magnetic properties in iron

Scientists at the Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have observed magnetic properties typically associated with those observed in rare earth elements in iron These properties are observed in a new iron based compound that does ... - Read More
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