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News articles about "theoretical"

Discovery by physicists furthers understanding of superconductivity: Experiments show Zhang-Rice singlet state in different class of materials

Physicists at the University of Arkansas have collaborated with scientists in the United States and Asia to discover that a crucial ingredient of high temperature superconductivity could be found in an entirely different class of ... - Read More

Crystal-clear method for distinguishing between glass and fluids

Glass, Crystal
Many solids are produced from melting Depending on how quickly they cool off invariably internal tensile stresses begin to build up One example are Prince Rupert's Drops or Dutch tears you can hit their thick ... - Read More

A quantum simulator for magnetic materials

Physicists understand perfectly well why a fridge magnet sticks to certain metallic surfaces But there are more exotic forms of magnetism whose properties remain unclear despite decades of intense research An important step towards filling ... - Read More

New method for tailoring optical processors

Optical, Optical
Rice University scientists have unveiled a robust new method for arranging metal nanoparticles in geometric patterns that can act as optical processors that transform incoming light signals into output of a different color The breakthrough ... - Read More

Kinks and curves at the nanoscale: New research shows 'perfect twin boundaries' are not so perfect

Nanoscale, Nanoscale, nanoscale
One of the basic principles of nanotechnology is that when you make things extremely small one nanometer is about five atoms wide 100 000 times smaller than the diameter of a human hair they are ... - Read More

Add boron for better batteries

Lithium
Frustration led to revelation when Rice University scientists determined how graphene might be made useful for high capacity batteries Calculations by the Rice lab of theoretical physicist Boris Yakobson found a graphene boron anode should ... - Read More

World's smallest liquid droplets ever made in the lab, experiment suggests

Collisions
Physicists may have created the smallest drops of liquid ever made in the lab That possibility has been raised by the results of a recent experiment conducted by Vanderbilt physicist Julia Velkovska and her colleagues ... - Read More

Observation of second sound in a quantum gas

Sound, Gas
Second sound is a quantum mechanical phenomenon which has been observed only in superfluid helium Physicists from the University of Innsbruck Austria in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Trento Italy have now proven ... - Read More

Elucidating energy shifts in optical tweezers

Physicists are providing an all in one guide to help calculate the effect the use of optical tweezers has on the energy levels of atoms under study A small piece of paper sticks to an ... - Read More

Discovery of new gigantic swelling phenomenon of layered crystal driven by water

A research group at the International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics MANA of NIMS discovered an intriguing phenomenon in which an inorganic layered crystal expanded and contracted by 100 times its original size in a few ... - Read More

Mysterious catalyst explained: How tiny gold particles aid the production of plastic components

Catalyst
From methanol to formaldehyde this reaction is the starting point for the synthesis of many everyday plastics Using catalysts made of gold particles formaldehyde could be produced without the environmentally hazardous waste generated in conventional ... - Read More

Researchers design nanometer-scale material that can speed up, squeeze light

Nanometer, Nanometer, Nanometer
In a process one researcher compares to squeezing an elephant through a pinhole researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology have designed a way to engineer atoms capable of funneling light through ultra small ... - Read More

Materials: Two ways to tame a radical

Replacing traditional semiconductors with flexible and lightweight organic components has the potential to realize significant cost savings for manufacturers Recently a promising class of organic materials known as open shell polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons PAHs has ... - Read More

Bold move forward in molecular analyses

Molecular, molecular
A dramatic leap forward in the ability of scientists to study the structural states of macromolecules such as proteins and nanoparticles in solution has been achieved by a pair of researchers with the U S ... - Read More

What planets are made of: Findings establish counterintuitive potential planet-forming materials

Planets
A team of researchers led by Artem R Oganov a professor of theoretical crystallography in the Department of Geosciences has made a startling prediction that challenges existing chemical models and current understanding of planetary interiors ... - Read More

Geoscientists Predict New Compounds Could Change Our View of What Planets are Made of

a much cheaper route compared to traditional experimental methods ” said Zhu  “It is known that MgO makes up about 10 percent of the volume of our planet and on other planets this fraction can ... - Read More

New solar-cell coating could enable a major boost in efficiency

Coating
Throughout decades of research on solar cells one formula has been considered an absolute limit to the efficiency of such devices in converting sunlight into electricity Called the Shockley Queisser efficiency limit it posits that ... - Read More

Molecular rings mystery solved after 20 years

Molecular, molecular
Although the double benzene molecule tried to reveal its structure in experiments in 1993 chemists at the time were unable to find an explanation for the spectral peaks they saw Now 20 years later Nijmegen ... - Read More

Reaction rates of second key atmospheric component measured

Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories' Combustion Research Facility the University of Manchester Bristol University University of Southampton and Hong Kong Polytechnic have successfully measured reaction rates of a second Criegee intermediate CH3CHOO and proven that ... - Read More

Cost-Saving Measure to Upgrade Ethanol to Butanol -- A Better Alternative to Gasoline

despite several disadvantages Ethanol for instance has a lower energy content per gallon than gasoline which can reduce fuel mileage Ethanol also has a corrosive effect on car engines and can’t easily be used in ... - Read More
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