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News articles about "theoretical"

Researchers tune friction in ionic solids at the nanoscale

Friction impacts motion hence the need to control friction forces Currently this is accomplished by mechanistic means or lubrication but experiments conducted by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have uncovered ... - Read More

The latest fashion: Graphene edges can be tailor-made

Theoretical physicists at Rice University are living on the edge as they study the astounding properties of graphene In a new study they figure out how researchers can fracture graphene nanoribbons to get the edges ... - Read More

Exotic, gigantic molecules fit inside each other like Russian nesting dolls

University of Chicago scientists have experimentally observed for the first time a phenomenon in ultracold three atom molecules predicted by Russian theoretical physicsist Vitaly Efimov in 1970. In this quantum phenomenon called geometric scaling the ... - Read More

Sequestration on shaky ground: Natural impediment to long-term sequestration of carbon dioxide

Carbon sequestration promises to address greenhouse gas emissions by capturing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and injecting it deep below the Earth's surface where it would permanently solidify into rock The U S Environmental Protection ... - Read More

Individual protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei do not behave according to predictions

Individual protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei turn out not to behave according to the predictions made by existing theoretical models This surprising conclusion reached by an international team of physicists including staff members from ... - Read More

Graphene brings quantum effects to electronic circuits

Research by scientists attached to the EC's Graphene Flagship has revealed a superfluid phase in ultra low temperature 2D materials creating the potential for electronic devices which dissipate very little energy At the atomic and ... - Read More

Improved interface for a quantum internet

A quantum network requires efficient interfaces over which information can be transferred from matter to light and back In the current issue of Physical Review Letters Innsbruck physicists led by Rainer Blatt and Tracy Northup ... - Read More

Liquids and glasses relax, too -- but not like you thought

A new insight into the fundamental mechanics of the movement of molecules recently published by researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST offers a surprising view of what happens when you pour ... - Read More

Race of the electrons: Laser pulses can be used to track the motion of electrons in metals with attosecond precision

It is easy to measure electric current But it is extremely hard to watch the individual electrons which make up this current Electrons race through the metal with a speed of several million meters per ... - Read More

A new step towards using graphene in electronic applications

Few materials have received as much attention from the scientific world or have raised so many hopes with a view to their potential deployment in new applications as graphene has This is largely due to ... - Read More

Wonder material silicene still stands just out of reach

Silicene is the thinnest form of silicon It is metallic has graphene like mobile carriers and can behave like a semiconductor The wonder material could lead to even smaller electronics but challenges remain in this ... - Read More

Predicting properties of the surface of titanium dioxide crystals

An article in Physical Review Letters which was written by a group of researchers led by Qinggao Wang from MIPT's Laboratory of Computer Design of New Materials investigates the surface of titanium dioxide crystals We ... - Read More

Glass for battery electrodes

For some time now energy experts have been adamant that we will need much more clean energy in the future if we are to replace fossil fuel sources and reduce CO2 emissions For example electric ... - Read More

Neutrinos can deliver not only full-on hits but also 'glancing blows'

In what they call a weird little corner of the already weird world of neutrinos physicists have found evidence that these tiny particles might be involved in a surprising reaction Neutrinos are famous for almost ... - Read More

How electrons split: New evidence of exotic behaviors

Electrons may be seen as small magnets that also carry a negative electrical charge On a fundamental level these two properties are indivisible However in certain materials where the electrons are constrained in a quasi ... - Read More

A 'GPS' for molecules

In everyday life the global positioning system GPS can be employed to reliably determine the momentary location of one en route to the desired destination Scientists from the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry of ... - Read More

Possible avenue to better electrolyte for lithium ion batteries

The lithium ion batteries that mobilize our electronic devices need to be improved if they are to power electric vehicles or store electrical energy for the grid Berkeley Lab researchers looking for a better understanding ... - Read More

Graphene 'cut and paste' with microwaves

Scientists in Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow have revealed a variety of transformations taking place on carbon surface under the influence of metal nanoparticles and microwaves Graphene cut and paste with metal nanoparticles was carried ... - Read More

Breakthrough in predictions of pressure-dependent combustion chemical reactions

Researchers at Sandia and Argonne national laboratories have demonstrated for the first time a method to successfully predict pressure dependent chemical reaction rates It's an important breakthrough in combustion and atmospheric chemistry that is expected ... - Read More

Future batteries: Lithium-sulfur with a graphene wrapper

What do you get when you wrap a thin sheet of the wonder material graphene around a novel multifunctional sulfur electrode that combines an energy storage unit and electron ion transfer networks An extremely promising ... - Read More
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