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News articles about "theoretical"

Deep-Earth carbon offers clues on origin of life: New organic carbon species linked to formation of diamonds -- and life itself

New findings by a Johns Hopkins University led team reveal long unknown details about carbon deep beneath Earth's surface and suggest ways this subterranean carbon might have influenced the history of life on the planet ... - Read More

Good vibrations give electrons excitations that rock an insulator to go metallic

For more than 50 years scientists have debated what turns particular oxide insulators in which electrons barely move into metals in which electrons flow freely Some scientists sided with Nobel Prize winning physicist Nevill Mott ... - Read More

Scientists do glass a solid, with new theory on how it transitions from a liquid

How does glass transition from a liquid to its familiar solid state How does this common material transport heat and sound And what microscopic changes occur when a glass gains rigidity as it cools A ... - Read More

Scientists Get to the Heart of Fool's Gold as a Solar Material

could be 1 000 times thinner than silicon and still efficiently absorb sunlight Like silicon iron and sulfur are common elements in the Earth's crust so solar cells made of iron pyrite could have a ... - Read More

Esther Conwell, Pioneering Professor of Chemistry, Dead at 92

herself a National Medal of Science winner “Dr Esther Conwell has had an extraordinarily productive career as a scientist and has greatly influenced electronic device design and performance…” wrote Dresselhaus in her letter of nomination ... - Read More

Space: The Final Frontier in Silicon Chemistry

Released 7 Nov 2014 10 00 AM ESTEmbargo expired 11 Nov 2014 11 00 AM ESTSource Newsroom American Institute of Physics AIP more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only ... - Read More

Live images from the nano-cosmos: Scientists watch layers of football molecules grow

Using DESY's ultrabright X ray source PETRA III researchers have observed in real time how football shaped carbon molecules arrange themselves into ultra smooth layers Together with theoretical simulations the investigation reveals the fundamentals of ... - Read More

Scientists prove possibility of 'impossible' dust transition in turbulent flow

Researchers from MIPT and the Weizmann Institute of Science Israel have predicted the possibility of negative turbophoresis a phenomenon where impurity particles inside a turbulent flow move in an impossible direction The study by Sergei ... - Read More

Plasma: Casimir and Yukawa mesons

The Casimir electromagnetic fluctuation forces across plasmas are analogous to so called weak nuclear interaction forces according to new research A new theoretical work establishes a long sought after connection between nuclear particles and electromagnetic ... - Read More

Scientists propose existence and interaction of parallel worlds: Many Interacting Worlds theory challenges foundations of quantum science

Griffith University academics are challenging the foundations of quantum science with a radical new theory based on the existence of and interactions between parallel universes In a paper published in the journal Physical Review X ... - Read More

Ion adsorption matter in biology

Date October 30 2014 Source Springer Summary Biological membranes are mainly composed of lipid bilayers Gaining a better understanding of adsorption of solution ions onto lipid membranes helps clarify functional processes in biological cells A ... - Read More

Biology meets geometry: Geometry of a common cellular structure explored

Architecture imitates life at least when it comes to those spiral ramps in multistory parking garages Stacked and connecting parallel levels the ramps are replications of helical structures found in a ubiquitous membrane structure in ... - Read More

Could I squeeze by you? Scientists model molecular movement within narrow channels of mesoporous nanoparticles

Scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have developed deeper understanding of the ideal design for mesoporous nanoparticles used in catalytic reactions such as hydrocarbon conversion to biofuels The research will help ... - Read More

Cooling to almost absolute zero with magnetic molecules

An international team of scientists have become the first ever researchers to successfully reach temperatures below minus 272.15 degrees Celsius only just above absolute zero using magnetic molecules The physicists and chemists are presenting their ... - Read More

Scientists disprove theory that reconstructed boron surface is metallic

Scientific inquiry is a hit and miss proposition subject to constant checking and rechecking Recently a new class of materials was discovered called topological insulators nonmetallic materials with a metallic surface capable of conducting electrons ... - Read More

Super stable garnet ceramics may be ideal for high-energy lithium batteries

Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have discovered exceptional properties in a garnet material that could enable development of higher energy battery designs The ORNL led team used scanning transmission electron ... - Read More

Crystallography: Towards controlled dislocations

Crystallographic defects or irregularities known as dislocations are often found within crystalline materials Two main types of dislocation exist edge and screw type However dislocations found in real materials tend to be a mix of ... - Read More

Wild molecular interactions in a new hydrogen mixture

Hydrogen the most abundant element in the cosmos responds to extremes of pressure and temperature differently Under ambient conditions hydrogen is a gaseous two atom molecule As confinement pressure increases the molecules adopt different states ... - Read More

A new piece in the high-temperature superconductivity puzzle: 'Dressing' in superconductors

The physical mechanism that generates superconductivity in materials at high critical temperature like cuprates which appear to be among the most promising materials for technological applications remains a mystery So far experimental observations haven't clarified ... - Read More

Unique catalysts for hydrogen fuel cells synthesized in ordinary kitchen microwave oven

Swedish and Chinese researchers show how a unique nano alloy composed of palladium nano islands embedded in tungsten nanoparticles creates a new type of catalysts for highly efficient oxygen reduction the most important reaction in ... - Read More
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