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News articles about "Spectroscopy"

Universal law for light absorption in 2-D semiconductors

Light, Semiconductors, Semiconductors, Light
From solar cells to optoelectronic sensors to lasers and imaging devices many of today's semiconductor technologies hinge upon the absorption of light Absorption is especially critical for nano sized structures at the interface between two ... - Read More

Watching catalysts at work at the atomic scale

Atomic, Catalysts
Developing materials with novel catalytic properties is one of the most important tasks in energy research It is especially important to understand the dynamic processes involved in catalysis at the atomic scale such as the ... - Read More

New techniques use lasers, LEDs, and optics to 'see' under the skin

Impressive examples of new non invasive optical techniques using lasers light emitting diodes LEDs and spectroscopic methods to probe and render images from beneath the surface of the skin are featured in a newly completed ... - Read More

Watching molecule movements in live cells

Molecule, molecule, cells, cells
The newly developed STED RICS microscopy method records rapid movements of molecules in live samples By combining raster image correlation spectroscopy RICS with STED fluorescence microscopy researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT opened up ... - Read More

Compound Discovered at Sea Shows Potency against Anthrax

Released 7 17 2013 4 35 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of California San Diego more news from this source Jul 18 2013 A team led by William Fenical at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC ... - Read More

New nanoscale imaging method finds application in plasmonics

Nanoscale, Nanoscale, nanoscale
Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST and the University of Maryland have shown how to make nanoscale measurements of critical properties of plasmonic nanomaterials the specially engineered nanostructures that modify the ... - Read More

Wildfires may contribute more to global warming than previously predicted

Global warming, Global warming
Wildfires produce a witch's brew of carbon containing particles as anyone downwind of a forest fire can attest A range of fine carbonaceous particles rising high into the air significantly degrade air quality damaging human ... - Read More

Graphene on its way to conquer Silicon Valley

Silicon
The unique properties of graphene such as its incredible strength and at the same time its little weight have raised high expectations in modern material science Graphene a two dimensional crystal of carbon atoms packed ... - Read More

Laser system allows determination of atomic binding energy of the rarest element on Earth

Atomic, System
The radioactive element astatine the name of which is derived from the Greek word for 'instability ' is so rare on Earth that it has not yet been investigated to any greater extent and as ... - Read More

Solving electron transfer

Electron transfer is a process by which an atom donates an electron to another atom It is the foundation of all chemical reactions and is of intense research because of the implications it has for ... - Read More

A potentially life-saving protein takes shape

A tiny protein called ubiquitin so named because it is present in every cell of living things as dissimilar as hollyhocks and humans may hold the key to treatment for a variety of diseases from ... - Read More

Exposure to air transforms gold alloys into catalytic nanostructures

Alloys, Nanostructures
Gold bars may signify great wealth but the precious metal packs a much more practical punch when shrunk down to just billionths of a meter Unfortunately unlocking gold's potential often requires complex synthesis techniques that ... - Read More

Nanofiber sensor detects diabetes or lung cancer faster and easier

cancer
Today's technological innovation enables smartphone users to diagnose serious diseases such as diabetes or lung cancer quickly and effectively by simply breathing into a small gadget a nanofiber breathing sensor mounted on the phones Il ... - Read More

Roman seawater concrete holds the secret to cutting carbon emissions

Emissions
The chemical secrets of a concrete Roman breakwater that has spent the last 2 000 years submerged in the Mediterranean Sea have been uncovered by an international team of researchers led by Paulo Monteiro of ... - Read More

Atomic-scale investigations solve key puzzle of LED efficiency

Atomic
From the high resolution glow of flat screen televisions to light bulbs that last for years light emitting diodes LEDs continue to transform technology The celebrated efficiency and versatility of LEDs and other solid state ... - Read More

Nanoantennas improve infrared sensing

Light, Light
A team of University of Pennsylvania engineers has used a pattern of nanoantennas to develop a new way of turning infrared light into mechanical action opening the door to more sensitive infrared cameras and more ... - Read More

DNA-guided assembly yields novel ribbon-like nanostructures

Nanostructures
Scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have discovered that DNA linker strands coax nano sized rods to line up in way unlike any other spontaneous arrangement of rod shaped objects ... - Read More

Microwave oven cooks up solar cell material

Microwave
University of Utah metallurgists used an old microwave oven to produce a nanocrystal semiconductor rapidly using cheap abundant and less toxic metals than other semiconductors They hope it will be used for more efficient photovoltaic ... - Read More

Dual-color lasers could lead to cheap and efficient LED lighting

A new semiconductor device capable of emitting two distinct colours has been created by a group of researchers in the US potentially opening up the possibility of using light emitting diodes LEDs universally for cheap ... - Read More

Brilliant dye to probe the brain

Probe
To obtain very high resolution 3D images of the cerebral vascular system a dye is used that fluoresces in the near infrared and can pass through the skin Share This See Also Medical Imaging Today's ... - Read More
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