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News articles about "Spectroscopy"

Laser system allows determination of atomic binding energy of the rarest element on Earth

Atomic, System
The radioactive element astatine the name of which is derived from the Greek word for 'instability ' is so rare on Earth that it has not yet been investigated to any greater extent and as ... - Read More

Solving electron transfer

Electron transfer is a process by which an atom donates an electron to another atom It is the foundation of all chemical reactions and is of intense research because of the implications it has for ... - Read More

A potentially life-saving protein takes shape

A tiny protein called ubiquitin so named because it is present in every cell of living things as dissimilar as hollyhocks and humans may hold the key to treatment for a variety of diseases from ... - Read More

Exposure to air transforms gold alloys into catalytic nanostructures

Alloys, Nanostructures
Gold bars may signify great wealth but the precious metal packs a much more practical punch when shrunk down to just billionths of a meter Unfortunately unlocking gold's potential often requires complex synthesis techniques that ... - Read More

Nanofiber sensor detects diabetes or lung cancer faster and easier

cancer
Today's technological innovation enables smartphone users to diagnose serious diseases such as diabetes or lung cancer quickly and effectively by simply breathing into a small gadget a nanofiber breathing sensor mounted on the phones Il ... - Read More

Roman seawater concrete holds the secret to cutting carbon emissions

Emissions
The chemical secrets of a concrete Roman breakwater that has spent the last 2 000 years submerged in the Mediterranean Sea have been uncovered by an international team of researchers led by Paulo Monteiro of ... - Read More

Atomic-scale investigations solve key puzzle of LED efficiency

Atomic
From the high resolution glow of flat screen televisions to light bulbs that last for years light emitting diodes LEDs continue to transform technology The celebrated efficiency and versatility of LEDs and other solid state ... - Read More

Nanoantennas improve infrared sensing

Light, Light
A team of University of Pennsylvania engineers has used a pattern of nanoantennas to develop a new way of turning infrared light into mechanical action opening the door to more sensitive infrared cameras and more ... - Read More

DNA-guided assembly yields novel ribbon-like nanostructures

Nanostructures
Scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have discovered that DNA linker strands coax nano sized rods to line up in way unlike any other spontaneous arrangement of rod shaped objects ... - Read More

Microwave oven cooks up solar cell material

Microwave
University of Utah metallurgists used an old microwave oven to produce a nanocrystal semiconductor rapidly using cheap abundant and less toxic metals than other semiconductors They hope it will be used for more efficient photovoltaic ... - Read More

Dual-color lasers could lead to cheap and efficient LED lighting

A new semiconductor device capable of emitting two distinct colours has been created by a group of researchers in the US potentially opening up the possibility of using light emitting diodes LEDs universally for cheap ... - Read More

Brilliant dye to probe the brain

Probe
To obtain very high resolution 3D images of the cerebral vascular system a dye is used that fluoresces in the near infrared and can pass through the skin Share This See Also Medical Imaging Today's ... - Read More

Mysterious catalyst explained: How tiny gold particles aid the production of plastic components

Catalyst
From methanol to formaldehyde this reaction is the starting point for the synthesis of many everyday plastics Using catalysts made of gold particles formaldehyde could be produced without the environmentally hazardous waste generated in conventional ... - Read More

Researchers design nanometer-scale material that can speed up, squeeze light

Nanometer, Nanometer, Nanometer
In a process one researcher compares to squeezing an elephant through a pinhole researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology have designed a way to engineer atoms capable of funneling light through ultra small ... - Read More

'Super-resolution' microscope possible for nanostructures

Nanostructures
Researchers have found a way to see synthetic nanostructures and molecules using a new type of super resolution optical microscopy that does not require fluorescent dyes representing a practical tool for biomedical and nanotechnology research ... - Read More

Materials: Two ways to tame a radical

Replacing traditional semiconductors with flexible and lightweight organic components has the potential to realize significant cost savings for manufacturers Recently a promising class of organic materials known as open shell polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons PAHs has ... - Read More

Technique unlocks design principles of quantum biology

Quantum, Quantum
University of Chicago researchers have created a synthetic compound that mimics the complex quantum dynamics observed in photosynthesis and may enable fundamentally new routes to creating solar energy technologies Engineering quantum effects into synthetic light ... - Read More

New generation soil property maps for Africa

Properties
A new type of soil property maps for Africa has been launched by ISRIC − World Soil Information in Wageningen Netherlands The maps are freely accessible Share This See Also Geography Landslides Acid Rain Global ... - Read More

Scientists use 'the force' (atomic force microscopy) to decode secrets of our gut

Atomic, Microscopy
A new technique based on atomic force microscopy was developed at the Institute of Food Research to help 'read' information encoded in the gut lining Share This See Also Colitis Gastrointestinal Problems Biochemistry Organic Chemistry ... - Read More

High Levels of Lead Detected in Rice Imported From Certain Countries

Rice imported from certain countries contains high levels of lead that could pose health risks particularly for infants and children who are especially sensitive to lead’s effects and adults of Asian heritage who consume large ... - Read More
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