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News articles about "Separation"

Sustainable Energy Is Focus of Plenary Talks at American Chemical Society Meeting

Advances in renewable and sustainable energy including mimicking photosynthesis and optimizing lithium ion batteries are the topics of three plenary talks at the 247th National Meeting & amp Exposition of the American Chemical Society ACS ... - Read More

Understanding the functioning of a new type of solar cell

Photovoltaic energy conversion offers one of the best means for the future of renewable energy in the world The efficiency of solar cells depends heavily upon the light absorbing materials they use Photovoltaic systems based ... - Read More

What makes superalloys super? Hierarchical microstructure of a superalloy

Superalloys
Researchers have observed for the first time in detail how a hierarchical microstructure develops during heat treatment of a superalloy Materials in high performance turbines have to withstand not only powerful mechanical forces they also ... - Read More

Renewable Chemical Ready for Biofuels Scale-Up

Using a plant derived chemical University of Wisconsin Madison researchers have developed a process for creating a concentrated stream of sugars that’s ripe with possibility for biofuels “With the sugar platform you have possibilities ” ... - Read More

Ways of the photoelectric effect; How physicists have learned how to select them

In contrast to its apparent simplicity that brought Einstein his Nobel Prize the photoelectric effect when an electron is knocked out from its parent atom by a photon is quite complicated to analyze in general ... - Read More

SOFs take to water: First soluble 2-D supramolecular organic frameworks created

Water, Organic, Water, organic, Organic, Water
Supramolecular chemistry aka chemistry beyond the molecule in which molecules and molecular complexes are held together by non covalent bonds is just beginning to come into its own with the emergence of nanotechnology Metal organic ... - Read More

Revolutionizing solar energy: Quantum waves found at the heart of organic solar cells

Solar energy
Researchers have been able to tune ‘coherence’ in organic nanostructures due to the surprise discovery of wavelike electrons in organic materials revealing the key to generating “long lived charges” in organic solar cells material that ... - Read More

Intense two-color double X-ray laser pulses: Powerful tool to study ultrafast processes

X-ray
A team working at the SACLA X ray Free Electron Laser XFEL in Japan has succeeded in generating ultra bright two color X ray laser pulses for the first time in the hard X ray ... - Read More

Scientists stitch up photosynthetic megacomplex

Proteins, Proteins, proteins
When sunlight strikes a photosynthesizing organism energy flashes between proteins just beneath its surface until it is trapped as separated electric charges Improbable as it may seem these tiny hits of energy eventually power the ... - Read More

Study uses neutron scattering, supercomputing to demystify forces at play in biofuel production

Scattering
Researchers studying more effective ways to convert woody plant matter into biofuels at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified fundamental forces that change plant structures during pretreatment processes used in the ... - Read More

Neutrons, electrons and theory reveal secrets of natural gas reserves

Natural gas, Gas
Gas and oil deposits in shale have no place to hide from an Oak Ridge National Laboratory technique that provides an inside look at pores and reveals structural information potentially vital to the nation's energy ... - Read More

A cost-effective way toward personalized cancer drugs

cancer
Before a cancer patient embarks on a course of treatment tests can be carried out to establish whether or not the chosen cytostatic agent combination is likely to be effective But the time consuming and ... - Read More

Breakthrough for solar cell efficiency

cell, cell
Did you know that crystals form the basis for the penetrating icy blue glare of car headlights and could be fundamental to the future in solar energy technology Crystals are at the heart of diodes ... - Read More

Charged up and ready to connect

An innovative strategy produces positively and negatively charged polymer chains ideal for generating multifunctional coatings Gelatin a well known food ingredient belongs to a class of molecules called polyampholytes that contain both positively and negatively ... - Read More

Simple textiles can be used with catalysts to enable complex chemical reactions

Complex, Catalysts, Reactions
In future it will be much easier to produce some active pharmaceutical substances and chemical compounds than was the case to date An international team working with chemists from the Max Planck Institut für Kohlenforschung ... - Read More

State E-Waste Disposal Bans Have Been Largely Ineffective

are topics that have received much attention in both the media and research community While the environmental footprint of IT devices is indeed significant a singular focus on their direct impacts ignores the indirect environmental ... - Read More

American Chemical Society Presidential Symposium: Innovation and Entrepreneurship

away from large companies and toward smaller entrepreneurs and startups Amid that new landscape for transforming ideas and inventions into goods and services the American Chemical Society ACS the world’s largest scientific society today hosts ... - Read More

The Chemistry Behind the Character of Bourbon, Scotch and Rye

oat and millet are added to the barrels Then additional factors of temperature humidity and air pressure come into play affecting how deeply the spirits seep into the wood and interact with its sugars tannins ... - Read More

Computer simulations indicate calcium carbonate has a dense liquid phase

Phase, Calcium
Computer simulations conducted at the U S Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab could help scientists make sense of a recently observed and puzzling wrinkle in one of nature's most important chemical ... - Read More

Removing pollutants and contaminants from wastewater

Pollutants, Contaminants
The Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB and its European partners have developed several effective processes for eliminating persistent pollutants from wastewater Some of these processes generate reactive species which can be used ... - Read More
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