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News articles about "Reduction"

Managing specialized microbes to clean stubborn chemicals from environment

Chlorinated chemicals perform a host of societally useful functions but they also have a dark side Once their use life has ended such agents often become environmental contaminants sometimes resistant to bioremediation In a series ... - Read More

Water-cleanup catalysts tackle biomass upgrading

Rice University chemical engineer Michael Wong has spent a decade amassing evidence that palladium gold nanoparticles are excellent catalysts for cleaning polluted water but even he was surprised at how well the particles converted biodiesel ... - Read More

Evolution of a bimetallic nanocatalyst

Atomic scale snapshots of a bimetallic nanoparticle catalyst in action have provided insights that could help improve the industrial process by which fuels and chemicals are synthesized from natural gas coal or plant biomass A ... - Read More

Battery design could reduce electric car weight

Battery weight has long vexed engineers designing electric cars for the mass market Bigger batteries are needed to power a car for longer distances but their weight in turn requires the car to expend more ... - Read More

Common semiconductors stabilized for solar fuels generation

Researchers around the world are trying to develop solar driven generators that can split water yielding hydrogen gas that could be used as clean fuel Such a device requires efficient light absorbing materials that attract ... - Read More

New method discovered to protect against chemical weapons

Researchers at Oregon State University have discovered that some compounds called polyoxoniobates can degrade and decontaminate nerve agents such as the deadly sarin gas and have other characteristics that may make them ideal for protective ... - Read More

Chemists challenge conventional understanding of how photocatalysis works

Photocatalysis catalysis assisted by light is a promising route to convert solar energy into chemical fuels Particularly appealing is the possibility to use photocatalysis to split water molecules into molecular hydrogen Although photocatalysis has been ... - Read More

Device for stopping uncontrolled seizures implanted in patient

NYU Langone Medical Center last month became the first hospital outside of a clinical trial site to implant a pacemaker like device in the brain that may be a game changer for patients with epilepsy ... - Read More

Biochemists Reduce Sickling and Progression of Sickle Cell Disease in Mice

Released 5 16 2014 6 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Journal of Clinical InvestigationMay ... - Read More

Predator-prey made simple: Simplifying studies of predator-prey interactions and other 'bistable' systems

A team of U K researchers has developed a way to dramatically reduce the complexity of modeling bistable systems which involve the interaction of two evolving species where one changes faster than the other slow ... - Read More

Graphene for real-world devices: New research in phonon scattering sheds more light on graphene as a replacement for silicon

Graphene a one atom thick form of the carbon material graphite has been hailed as a wonder material strong light nearly transparent and an excellent conductor of electricity and heat But a number of practical ... - Read More

Environmental hormones: Tiny amounts, big effects on fish

Empty nets and few species environmental hormones are believed responsible for the diminishing numbers of fish How damaging are these substances really though Studies that depict a complete picture of the lives of fish provide ... - Read More

Climate change threatens to worsen U.S. ozone pollution

Ozone pollution across the continental United States will become far more difficult to keep in check as temperatures rise according to new research led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research NCAR The detailed study ... - Read More

Widespread hydrogen fueling infrastructure goal of new project

As hydrogen fuel cell vehicles continue to roll out in increasing numbers the infrastructure for fueling them must expand as well To this end a new project launched by the Energy Department and led by ... - Read More

Urban river pollutants suppress wild bird development

Findings reveal that chicks of the Eurasian Dipper – a river bird that feeds exclusively on insects and fish in upland streams – are underweight compared to their rural counterparts Credit Image courtesy of Cardiff ... - Read More

New design for mobile phone masts could cut carbon emissions

A breakthrough in the design of signal amplifiers for mobile phone masts could deliver a massive 200MW cut in the load on UK power stations reducing CO2 emissions by around 0.5 million tonnes a year ... - Read More

Increased infrastructure required for effective oil spill response in U.S. Arctic

A changing climate is increasing the accessibility of U S Arctic waters to commercial activities such as shipping oil and gas development and tourism raising concern about the risk of oil spills A new report ... - Read More

True value of cover crops to farmers, environment

Planting cover crops in rotation between cash crops widely agreed to be ecologically beneficial is even more valuable than previously thought according to a team of agronomists entomologists agroecologists horticulturists and biogeochemists from Penn State's ... - Read More

Africa's air pollution underestimated in climate change models

Human activity in Africa significantly contributes to air pollution However no detailed data regarding country by country pollutant emissions in the continent was available until now To remedy this a joint French Ivory Coast team ... - Read More

Origin of life: Simulating how Earth kick-started metabolism

Researchers have developed a new approach to simulating the energetic processes that may have led to the emergence of cell metabolism on Earth a crucial biological function for all living organisms The research which is ... - Read More
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