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News articles about "Reduction"

Keeping atherosclerosis in-check with novel targeted inflammation-resolving nanomedicines

Nanometer sized drones that deliver a special type of healing molecule to fat deposits in arteries could become a new way to prevent heart attacks caused by atherosclerosis according to a study in pre clinical ... - Read More

Controlling car pollution at the quantum level

Toyota Central R& amp D Labs Inc in Japan have reviewed research that might be leading the way towards a new generation of automotive catalytic converters Catalytic converters that change the toxic fumes of automobile ... - Read More

Going negative with carbon

To combat climate change President Obama has called for an 80 percent reduction in carbon dioxide CO2 emissions by 2050. To help achieve this goal the President has encouraged big investments in wind solar and ... - Read More

Carbon release from ocean helped end the Ice Age

A release of carbon dioxide CO2 from the deep ocean helped bring an end to the last Ice Age according to new collaborative research by the University of Southampton Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona UAB the ... - Read More

Understanding air pollution from biomass burners used for heating

As many places in the U S and Europe increasingly turn to biomass rather than fossil fuels for power and heat scientists are focusing on what this trend might mean for air quality and people's ... - Read More

Detecting chemical weapons quickly with a color-changing film

In today's world in which the threat of terrorism looms there is an urgent need for fast reliable tools to detect the release of deadly chemical warfare agents CWAs In the journal ACS Macro Letters ... - Read More

Using less fish to test chemicals safety

The JRC has released a new strategy on how to replace reduce and refine the use of fish in testing of chemicals' effect on flora and fauna in water aquatic toxicity and chemicals' uptake and ... - Read More

Estimated social cost of climate change not accurate, scientists say

The economic damage caused by a ton of carbon dioxide emissions often referred to as the social cost of carbon could actually be six times higher than the value that the United States now uses ... - Read More

More sun means fewer children, grandchildren, Norwegian study finds

A new study from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology shows that increased UV radiation can have an effect on human fertility over generations Gine Roll Skjærvø at the Norwegian University of Science and ... - Read More

Using laparoscopy for ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement

Researchers conducted a prospective randomized controlled clinical trial at Bern University Hospital in Switzerland to compare a laparoscopic procedure with a mini laparotomy for insertion of a peritoneal catheter during ventriculoperitoneal VP shunt surgery The ... - Read More

Composite plane life cycle assessment shows lighter planes are the future

A global fleet of composite planes could reduce carbon emissions by up to 15 per cent but the lighter planes alone will not enable the aviation industry to meet its emissions targets according to new ... - Read More

Air pollution down thanks to California's regulation of diesel trucks

Ever wonder what's in the black cloud that emits from some semi trucks that you pass on the freeway Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab scientist Thomas Kirchstetter knows very precisely what's in there having ... - Read More

New model to predict the thermal performance of vegetal façades

After years of monitoring different experimental buildings a group of researchers from the School of Architecture of Universidad Politécnica de Madrid has developed a model that can estimate the thermal performance of vegetal façades regarding ... - Read More

Nanoshaping method points to future manufacturing technology

A new method that creates large area patterns of three dimensional nanoshapes from metal sheets represents a potential manufacturing system to inexpensively mass produce innovations such as plasmonic metamaterials for advanced technologies The metamaterials have ... - Read More

Optogenetics: Identifying new targets for intervention

Optogenetics is one of the hottest tools in biomedical research today a method that uses gene therapy to deliver light sensitive proteins into specific cells This new tool allows researchers to interact with a single ... - Read More

Upsetting the stability of super-small gold clusters generates multifaceted nanocrystals with potent catalytic properties

A*STAR researchers have devised a way to destabilize gold nanoclusters so that they form tiny atomic nuclei that then grow together into perfectly proportioned 12 sided dodecahedron crystals These unique polyhedra have energy rich surfaces ... - Read More

Ultrasound cuts costs in producing aluminium alloys

Scientists at Brunel University London have confirmed that treating molten metal with ultrasound is a cleaner greener and more efficient route to produce high quality castings Molten aluminium alloys at 700 °C naturally contain a ... - Read More

Laser sniffs out toxic gases from afar: System can ID chemicals in atmosphere from a kilometer away

Scientists have developed a way to sniff out tiny amounts of toxic gases a whiff of nerve gas for example or a hint of a chemical spill from up to one kilometer away The new ... - Read More

Colorful nano-guides to the liver

Jena scientists have been successful in producing highly specific nanoparticles Depending on the bound dye the particles are guided to the liver or to the kidney and deliver their payload of active ingredients directly to ... - Read More

Geckos are sticky without effort: Death has no impact on strength geckos use to adhere to surfaces

Geckos found in places with warm climates have fascinated people for hundreds of years Scientists have been especially intrigued by these lizards and have studied a variety of features such as the adhesive toe pads ... - Read More
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