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News articles about "Proton"

Possible existence of neutral atomic hydrogen in rock in Earth's deep interior

Date March 25 2015 Source National Institute for Materials Science NIMS Summary A new finding challenges the established dogma that hydrogen exists in the form of a hydroxyl group i e water in silicate minerals ... - Read More

Scientists decipher the spectrum of CH5+ for the first time

CH5+ formed by adding a proton H+ to the well known methane CH4 molecule is the prototype of fluxional molecules In contrast to common molecules which are depicted as a rigid structure consisting of balls ... - Read More

Graphene 'gateway' discovery opens possibilities for improved energy technologies

Graphene a strong lightweight carbon honeycombed structure that's only one atom thick holds great promise for energy research and development Recently scientists with the Fluid Interface Reactions Structures and Transport FIRST Energy Frontier Research Center ... - Read More

Bringing clean energy a step closer

For nearly half a century scientists have been trying to replace precious metal catalysts in fuel cells Now for the first time researchers at Case Western Reserve University have shown that an inexpensive metal free ... - Read More

Cherenkov Effect improves radiation therapy for patients with cancer

The characteristic blue glow from a nuclear reactor is present in radiation therapy too Investigators from Dartmouth's Norris Cotton Cancer Center led by Brian W Pogue PhD and PhD candidates Adam K Glaser and Rongxiao ... - Read More

Getting a grip on exotic atomic nuclei

A new model describing atomic nuclei proposed by a physicist from the University of Warsaw Faculty of Physics more accurately predicts the properties of various exotic isotopes that are created in supernova explosions or inside ... - Read More

Individual protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei do not behave according to predictions

Individual protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei turn out not to behave according to the predictions made by existing theoretical models This surprising conclusion reached by an international team of physicists including staff members from ... - Read More

'Seeing' hydrogen atoms to unveil enzyme catalysis that may play key role in cancer drug development

Enzymes are catalysts that speed up chemical reactions in living organisms and control many cellular biological processes by converting a molecule or substrate into a product used by the cell For scientists understanding details of ... - Read More

"Seeing" Hydrogen Atoms to Unveil Enzyme Catalysis

how small its samples can be how large the crystal unit cells we can resolve ” said Kovalevsky “But this result shows the instrument is performing to its specifications which is exciting ” For future ... - Read More

Fracking and pollution: Technology-dependent emissions of gas extraction in the US

Not all boreholes are the same Scientists of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT used mobile measurement equipment to analyze gaseous compounds emitted by the extraction of oil and natural gas in the USA For ... - Read More

Protons fuel graphene prospects

Published in the journal Nature the discovery could revolutionise fuel cells and other hydrogen based technologies as they require a barrier that only allow protons hydrogen atoms stripped off their electrons to pass through In ... - Read More

Discovery of new subatomic particle, type of meson, to 'transform' understanding of fundamental force of nature

The discovery of a new particle will transform our understanding of the fundamental force of nature that binds the nuclei of atoms researchers argue Led by scientists from the University of Warwick the discovery of ... - Read More

Skin pigment renders sun's UV radiation harmless using projectiles

Researchers at Lund University in Sweden and other institutions have worked out how the pigment of the skin manages to protect the body from the sun's dangerous UV rays The skin pigment converts the UV ... - Read More

Boosting biofuel: Yeast made to tolerate high levels of ethanol, making them more productive

Yeast are commonly used to transform corn and other plant materials into biofuels such as ethanol However large concentrations of ethanol can be toxic to yeast which has limited the production capacity of many yeast ... - Read More

Decoding the role of water in gold nanocatalysis: Secrets behind gold's unexpected oxidation activity uncovered

Researchers from the University of Houston and Trinity University have for the first time provided direct evidence of a water mediated reaction mechanism for the catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide The work used gold nanoparticles ... - Read More

Neutron crystallography resolves long-standing molecular mystery

An international team of researchers led by the University of Leicester has solved a long standing mystery in biology by identifying the molecular structure of a vital biological chemical The debate which has raged within ... - Read More

'Molecular movies' will enable extraordinary gains in bioimaging, health research

Researchers have announced the creation of an imaging technology more powerful than anything that has existed before and is fast enough to observe life processes as they actually happen at the molecular level Chemical and ... - Read More

Insights from nature for more efficient water splitting

Water splitting is one of the critical reactions that sustain life on earth and could be a key to the creation of future fuels It is a key in the process of photosynthesis through which ... - Read More

Tricking the uncertainty principle: New measurement technique goes beyond the limits imposed by quantum physics

Caltech researchers have found a way to make measurements that go beyond the limits imposed by quantum physics Today we are capable of measuring the position of an object with unprecedented accuracy but quantum physics ... - Read More

Light waves allow preferred bond breaking in symmetric molecules

Chemical bonds between carbon and hydrogen atoms are amongst the strongest in nature and their selective breaking in particular in symmetric molecules is of interest to chemical synthesis and the development of new biologically active ... - Read More
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