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News articles about "Proteins"

How quickly can a bacterium grow? E. coli can replicate close to thermodynamic limits of efficiency

Replication, Heat
All living things must obey the laws of physics including the second law of thermodynamics which states that the universe's disorder or entropy can only grow Highly ordered cells and organisms appear to contradict this ... - Read More

RNA double helix structure identified using synchrotron light

Light, Structure, Structure, Light
When Francis Crick and James Watson discovered the double helical structure of deoxyribonucleic acid DNA in 1953 their findings began a genetic revolution to map study and sequence the building blocks of living organisms DNA ... - Read More

Nanosensors could aid drug manufacturing

Nanosensors
MIT chemical engineers have discovered that arrays of billions of nanoscale sensors have unique properties that could help pharmaceutical companies produce drugs especially those based on antibodies more safely and efficiently Using these sensors the ... - Read More

Sticking power of plant polyphenols used in new coatings

A simple kitchen sink experiment helped Northwestern University researchers discover that green tea leaves not only can be used to steep a good cup of tea but they make an excellent antibacterial coating too And ... - Read More

Lab-made complexes are 'sun sponges'

Light, Light
A ring of protein and pigments half synthetic and half natural can be used to quickly prototype light harvesting antennas that absorb more sunlight than fully natural ones In diagrams it looks like a confection ... - Read More

Drug delivery: Why gold nanoparticles can penetrate cell walls

Cells are very good at protecting their precious contents and as a result it's very difficult to penetrate their membrane walls to deliver drugs nutrients or biosensors without damaging or destroying the cell One effective ... - Read More

Medicine, Energy Topics of Kavli Lectures at American Chemical Society Meeting

curing diseases by replacing the missing proteins that cause certain disorders almost like an artificial limb replaces the function of a leg or arm lost to injury Another is an internationally known leader in science ... - Read More

Lab-Made Complexes Are "Sun Sponges"

Released 8 23 2013 12 30 PM EDTSource Newsroom Washington University in St Louis more news from this source Aug 24 2013 In diagrams it looks like a confection of self curling ribbon with bits ... - Read More

Nitric Oxide Can Regulate Gene Expression

heritable alterations in gene expression caused by mechanisms other than changes in DNA sequence One such example Thomas said are modifications of specialized proteins called histones which are responsible for packaging DNA in the cell ... - Read More

Atomic insights into plant growth: How plant steroid hormone makes plants grow

Plant, plant
If one wants to better understand how plants grow one must analyse the chemistry of life in its molecular detail Michael Hothorn from the Friedrich Miescher Laboratory of the Max Planck Society in Tübingen and ... - Read More

New materials for bio-based hydrogen synthesis: Synthetic biology enables spontaneous protein activation

New materials, Spontaneous, Synthesis
Researchers at the Ruhr Universität Bochum RUB have discovered an efficient process for hydrogen biocatalysis They developed semi synthetic hydrogenases hydrogen generating enzymes by adding the protein's biological precursor to a chemically synthesized inactive iron ... - Read More

Chemists' Work Will Aid Drug Design to Target Cancer and Inflammatory Disease

Released 8 8 2013 8 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom Indiana University more news from this source Aug 9 2013 BLOOMINGTON Ind Chemists at Indiana University Bloomington have produced detailed descriptions of the structure and molecular ... - Read More

Scientists discover mineral-making secrets potentially useful for new materials

Proteins have gotten most of the attention in studies of how organic materials control the initial step of making the first tiny crystals that organisms use to build structures that help them move and protect ... - Read More

Chemists develop innovative nano-sensors for multiple proteins

Nano
Chemists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU have developed a new method for parallel protein analysis that is in principle capable of identifying hundreds or even thousands of different proteins It could be used to ... - Read More

Using gold and light to study molecules in water

molecules
Thanks to a new device that is the size of a human hair it is now possible to detect molecules in a liquid solution and observe their interactions This is of major interest for the ... - Read More

Water molecules control inactivation and recovery of potassium channels

potassium, molecules
Just 12 molecules of water cause the long post activation recovery period required by potassium ion channels before they can function again Using molecular simulations that modeled a potassium channel and its immediate cellular environment ... - Read More

Protein surfaces defects act as drug targets

Drug designers now have a new way of designing drug candidates suitable for dislodging unstable water molecules New research shows a physical characterisation of the interface of the body's proteins with water Identifying the locations ... - Read More

New way to create 'gradients' for understanding molecular interactions

Molecular, molecular
Scientists use tools called gradients to understand how molecules interact in biological systems Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new technique for creating biomolecular gradients that is both simpler than existing techniques ... - Read More

Researchers put squeeze on cells to deliver

cells, cells
Imagine being able to redirect powerful immune cells to fight cancer How about reprogramming a diabetic's skin cell into a cell that could manufacture the insulin their pancreas no longer produces Could we dial down ... - Read More

Watching molecule movements in live cells

Molecule, molecule, cells, cells
The newly developed STED RICS microscopy method records rapid movements of molecules in live samples By combining raster image correlation spectroscopy RICS with STED fluorescence microscopy researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT opened up ... - Read More
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