All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Plasma"

UD Finding Could Improve in vitro Fertilization

in The Lancet in 1969 as a master’s student at the University of the West Indies in her native Jamaica The response to that paper was so dramatic with requests for copies from scientists around ... - Read More

Desalination with nanoporous graphene membrane

Less than 1 percent of Earth's water is drinkable Removing salt and other minerals from our biggest available source of water seawater may help satisfy a growing global population thirsty for fresh water for drinking ... - Read More

Catch-release-repeat: Novel technique for handling molecules

Like vast international trading companies biological systems pick up freight items in the form of small molecules transport them from place to place and release them at their proper destination These ubiquitous processes are critical ... - Read More

Scientists develop cool process to make better graphene

A new technique invented at Caltech to produce graphene a material made up of an atom thick layer of carbon at room temperature could help pave the way for commercially feasible graphene based solar cells ... - Read More

Fusion researchers make breakthrough: Control intense heat bursts in fusion experiments

Researchers from General Atomics and the U S Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory PPPL have made a major breakthrough in understanding how potentially damaging heat bursts inside a fusion reactor can be controlled ... - Read More

Particle jets reveal the secrets of the most exotic state of matter

Shortly following the Big Bang the Universe was filled with a chaotic primordial soup of quarks and gluons particles which are now trapped inside of protons and neutrons Study of this quark gluon plasma requires ... - Read More

Lithium from the coal in China

Coal from China could become a major source of the metal lithium according to a review of the geochemistry by scientists published in the International Journal of Oil Gas and Coal Technology Lithium is an ... - Read More

Storks could become poisoned by pesticides during their migration to Africa

Not all storks migrate to Africa Many stay for the winter in the Iberian Peninsula where landfills have become a permanent source of food Scientists from Extremadura have analysed the presence of pollutants and pesticides ... - Read More

Igniting the air for atmospheric research

Scientists from Vienna and Moscow have created a high energy mid infrared laser powerful enough to create shining filaments in the air Such devices could be used to detect chemical substances in the atmosphere It ... - Read More

Self-assembled nanotextures create antireflective surface on silicon solar cells

Reducing the amount of sunlight that bounces off the surface of solar cells helps maximize the conversion of the sun's rays to electricity so manufacturers use coatings to cut down on reflections Now scientists at ... - Read More

Making synthetic materials more impervious: fewer plastic substances in food

Synthetic materials are convenient in many respects but they have one disadvantage they are permeable to gases In order to make plastic more impervious Ruhr Universität engineers apply wafer thin layers on surfaces This would ... - Read More

World record for compact particle accelerator: Researchers ramp up energy of laser-plasma 'tabletop' accelerator

Using one of the most powerful lasers in the world researchers have accelerated subatomic particles to the highest energies ever recorded from a compact accelerator The team from the U S Department of Energy's Lawrence ... - Read More

Plasma: Casimir and Yukawa mesons

The Casimir electromagnetic fluctuation forces across plasmas are analogous to so called weak nuclear interaction forces according to new research A new theoretical work establishes a long sought after connection between nuclear particles and electromagnetic ... - Read More

Lithium injections show promise for optimizing the performance of fusion plasmas

Experiments on the DIII D tokamak that General Atomics operates for the U S Department of Energy DOE have demonstrated the ability of lithium injections to transiently double the temperature and pressure at the edge ... - Read More

Using radio waves to control the density in a fusion plasma

Recent fusion experiments on the DIII D tokamak at General Atomics San Diego and the Alcator C Mod tokamak at MIT Cambridge Massachusetts show that beaming microwaves into the center of the plasma can be ... - Read More

How radiotherapy kills cancer cells

Scientists from Queen's University Belfast have been involved in a groundbreaking discovery in the area of experimental physics that has implications for understanding how radiotherapy kills cancer cells among other things Dr Jason Greenwood from ... - Read More

Optimal particle size for anticancer nanomedicines discovered

Nanomedicines consisting of nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery to specific tissues and cells offer new solutions for cancer diagnosis and therapy Understanding the interdependency of physiochemical properties of nanomedicines in correlation to their biological responses ... - Read More

Fusion reactor concept could be cheaper than coal

Fusion energy almost sounds too good to be true zero greenhouse gas emissions no long lived radioactive waste a nearly unlimited fuel supply Perhaps the biggest roadblock to adopting fusion energy is that the economics ... - Read More

New 'lab-on-a-chip' could revolutionize early diagnosis of cancer

Scientists have been laboring to detect cancer and a host of other diseases in people using promising new biomarkers called exosomes Indeed Popular Science magazine named exosome based cancer diagnostics one of the 20 breakthroughs ... - Read More

Exotic matter: A closer look at the perfect fluid sheds light on what happened microseconds after the Big Bang

By combining data from two high energy accelerators nuclear scientists have refined the measurement of a remarkable property of exotic matter known as quark gluon plasma The findings reveal new aspects of the ultra hot ... - Read More
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