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News articles about "Oxygen"

Life underground: Microbes active far beneath seafloor

Microbes are living more than 500 feet beneath the seafloor in 5 million year old sediment according to new findings by researchers at the University of Delaware and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Genetic material ... - Read More

Exposure to air transforms gold alloys into catalytic nanostructures

Alloys, Nanostructures
Gold bars may signify great wealth but the precious metal packs a much more practical punch when shrunk down to just billionths of a meter Unfortunately unlocking gold's potential often requires complex synthesis techniques that ... - Read More

Testing artificial photosynthesis: Fully integrated microfluidic test-bed for solar-driven electrochemical energy conversion systems

Electrochemical, Photosynthesis
With the daily mean concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide having reached 400 parts per million for the first time in human history the need for carbon neutral alternatives to fossil fuel energy has never been ... - Read More

'Long-awaited explanation' for mysterious effects in high-temperature superconductors

Temperature, temperature
A German French research team has constructed a new model that explains how the so called pseudogap state forms in high temperature superconductors The calculations predict two coexisting electron orders Below a certain temperature superconductors ... - Read More

NASA to study how pollution, storms and climate mix

NASA
NASA aircraft will take to the skies over the southern United States this summer to investigate how air pollution and natural emissions which are pushed high into the atmosphere by large storms affect atmospheric composition ... - Read More

Metal-free catalyst outperforms platinum in fuel cell

Researchers from South Korea Case Western Reserve University and University of North Texas have discovered an inexpensive and easily produced catalyst that performs better than platinum in oxygen reduction reactions The finding detailed in Nature's ... - Read More

Catalyst could jump-start e-cars, green energy

Catalyst, Green
Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists have designed a new type of nanostructured carbon based catalyst that could pave the way for reliable economical next generation batteries and alkaline fuel cells providing for practical use of ... - Read More

Acceleration of ocean denitrification during deglaciation documented

As ice sheets melted during the deglaciation of the last ice age and global oceans warmed oceanic oxygen levels decreased and denitrification accelerated by 30 to 120 percent a new international study shows creating oxygen ... - Read More

A step closer to artificial livers: Researchers identify compounds that help liver cells grow outside body

Compounds
Prometheus the mythological figure who stole fire from the gods was punished for this theft by being bound to a rock Each day an eagle swept down and fed on his liver which then grew ... - Read More

Rainforests take the heat, paleontologists show

Heat
South American rainforests thrived during three extreme global warming events in the past say paleontologists at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in a new report published in the Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science ... - Read More

Atom by atom, bond by bond, a chemical reaction caught in the act

Atom, Atom, Atom
When Felix Fischer of the U S Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab set out to develop nanostructures made of graphene using a new controlled approach to chemical reactions the first result ... - Read More

High-efficiency zinc-air battery developed

Battery
Stanford University scientists have developed an advanced zinc air battery with higher catalytic activity and durability than similar batteries made with costly platinum and iridium catalysts The results published in the May 7 online edition ... - Read More

Discovery by physicists furthers understanding of superconductivity: Experiments show Zhang-Rice singlet state in different class of materials

Physicists at the University of Arkansas have collaborated with scientists in the United States and Asia to discover that a crucial ingredient of high temperature superconductivity could be found in an entirely different class of ... - Read More

Paper could be basis for inexpensive diagnostic devices

Cellulose
Paper is known for its ability to absorb liquids making it ideal for products such as paper towels But by modifying the underlying network of cellulose fibers etching off surface fluff and applying a thin ... - Read More

Charge your mobile phone with formic acid?

Acid
Surprisingly the answer is yes With the technology of today it is possible to use environmental friendly formic acid in fuel cell powering your mobile phone or laptop Physicist Florian Nitze Umeå University in Sweden ... - Read More

Formula for turning cement into 'metal'

Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass
In a move that would make the Alchemists of King Arthur's time green with envy scientists have unraveled the formula for turning liquid cement into liquid metal This makes cement a semi conductor and opens ... - Read More

Origins of life: In early Earth, iron helped RNA catalyze electron transfer

Earth, earth
A new study shows how complex biochemical transformations may have been possible under conditions that existed when life began on the early Earth The study shows that RNA is capable of catalyzing electron transfer under ... - Read More

Amazon River exhales virtually all carbon taken up by rainforest

Carbon, carbon
The Amazon rain forest popularly known as the lungs of the planet inhales carbon dioxide as it exudes oxygen Plants use carbon dioxide from the air to grow parts that eventually fall to the ground ... - Read More

In Early Earth, Iron Helped RNA Catalyze Electron Transfer

Released 5 14 2013 9 50 PM EDTEmbargo expired 5 19 2013 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Georgia Institute of Technology Research Communications more news from this source May 19 2013 A new study shows ... - Read More

Reading rock to understand how climate change unfolds

Climate change, Climate change, Climate, climate
What happened the last time a vegetated Earth shifted from an extremely cold climate to desert like conditions And what does it tell us about climate change today John Isbell is on a quest to ... - Read More
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