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News articles about "Oxygen"

Voyage from Earth's crust to its mantle and back again

Uranium isotopes leave a distinct 'fingerprint' in the sources of volcanic rocks making it possible to gauge their age and origin Geologists have gained a new understanding of how Earth's crust is recycled back into ... - Read More

New sulfate-breathing species discovered beneath ocean crust: Third of Earth's biomass in largely uncharted environment

Two miles below the surface of the ocean researchers have discovered new microbes that breathe sulfate The microbes which have yet to be classified and named exist in massive undersea aquifers networks of channels in ... - Read More

Water, water, everywhere: Controlling the properties of nanomaterials

Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are learning how the properties of water molecules on the surface of metal oxides can be used to better control these minerals and use ... - Read More

Water, Water, Everywhere -- Controlling the Properties of Nanomaterials

Wendy Hames and Katie Bethea Published Work H W Wang M DelloStritto N Kumar A I Kolesnikov P R C Kent J D Kubicki D J Wesolowski and J O Sofo “Vibrational density of states ... - Read More

Making synthetic materials more impervious: fewer plastic substances in food

Synthetic materials are convenient in many respects but they have one disadvantage they are permeable to gases In order to make plastic more impervious Ruhr Universität engineers apply wafer thin layers on surfaces This would ... - Read More

Iron toxicity for cyanobacteria delayed oxygen accumulation in early Earth's atmosphere

Three billion years ago Earth's atmosphere contained less than 0.0001 percent oxygen Today's atmosphere has around 20 percent oxygen and that is due to the work of tiny microorganisms in Earth's primeval oceans Cyanobacteria which ... - Read More

Microscopy reveals how atom-high steps impede oxidation of metal surfaces

Rust never sleeps Whether a reference to the 1979 Neil Young album or a product designed to protect metal surfaces the phrase invokes the idea that corrosion from oxidation the more general chemical name for ... - Read More

What 'fecal prints' of microbes can tell us about Earth's evolution

Everything that eats must excrete and microbes are no exception Microbes have dominated Earth's ecology for at least the past 3.5 billion years They play a vital role in the planet's carbon cycle by digesting ... - Read More

A gold catalyst for clear water: Mixed nanoparticle systems may help purify water and generate hydrogen

Improved photocatalyst microparticles containing gold nanoparticles can be used to purify water A new catalyst could have dramatic environmental benefits if it can live up to its potential suggests research from Singapore A*STAR researchers have ... - Read More

Mysteries of 'molecular machines' revealed: Phenix software uses X-ray diffraction spots to produce 3-D image

Scientists are making it easier for pharmaceutical companies and researchers to see the detailed inner workings of molecular machines 'Inside each cell in our bodies and inside every bacterium and virus are tiny but complex ... - Read More

NASA Goddard instrument makes first detection of organic matter on Mars

The team responsible for the Sample Analysis at Mars SAM instrument suite on NASA's Curiosity rover has made the first definitive detection of organic molecules at Mars Organic molecules are the building blocks of all ... - Read More

New way to diagnose brain damage from concussions, strokes, and dementia

New optical diagnostic technology developed at Tufts University School of Engineering promises new ways to identify and monitor brain damage resulting from traumatic injury stroke or vascular dementia in real time and without invasive procedures ... - Read More

No laughing matter: Nitrous oxide rose at end of last ice age

Nitrous oxide N2O is an important greenhouse gas that doesn't receive as much notoriety as carbon dioxide or methane but a new study confirms that atmospheric levels of N2O rose significantly as the Earth came ... - Read More

Organic electronics could lead to cheap, wearable medical sensors

Future fitness trackers could soon add blood oxygen levels to the list of vital signs measured with new technology developed by engineers at UC Berkeley There are various pulse oximeters already on the market that ... - Read More

Nanoscale resistors for quantum devices

The electrical characteristics of new thin film chromium oxide resistors that can be tuned by controlling the oxygen content detailed in the Journal of Applied Physics Researchers from the London Centre for Nanotechnology have made ... - Read More

A new look at the finer details of rust show an assumed atomic structure has been wrong all along

Magnetite or Fe3O4 is an elaborate kind of rust a regular lattice of oxygen and iron atoms But this material plays an increasingly important role as a catalyst in electronic devices and in medical applications ... - Read More

World’s fastest 2-D camera, 100 billion frames per second, may enable new scientific discoveries

A team of biomedical engineers at Washington University in St Louis led by Lihong Wang PhD the Gene K Beare Distinguished Professor of Biomedical Engineering has developed the world's fastest receive only 2 D camera ... - Read More

Protons fuel graphene prospects

Published in the journal Nature the discovery could revolutionise fuel cells and other hydrogen based technologies as they require a barrier that only allow protons hydrogen atoms stripped off their electrons to pass through In ... - Read More

Chemists fabricate novel rewritable paper

First developed in China in about the year A D 150 paper has many uses the most common being for writing and printing upon Indeed the development and spread of civilization owes much to paper's ... - Read More

Single-atom gold catalysts may offer path to low-cost production of fuel and chemicals

New catalysts designed and investigated by Tufts University School of Engineering researchers and collaborators from other university and national laboratories have the potential to greatly reduce processing costs in future fuels such as hydrogen The ... - Read More
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