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News articles about "Oxygen"

Holes in valence bands of nanodiamonds discovered: Potential catalysts for splitting water

But how are the electronic properties of nanodiamonds deposited on a solid state substrate different from those displayed by nanodiamonds in aqueous solutions Dr Tristan Petit working in the HZB team headed by Prof Emad ... - Read More

Converting olive mash into cash

An experimental system to create heat and power with waste from olive oil processing is up and running in Spain Carina Lagergren a researcher from Sweden's KTH Royal Institute of Technology says the system shows ... - Read More

More light shed on on biomass breakdown

Scientists at the University of York are part of a research team which has found that a recently discovered family of enzymes can degrade resistant forms of starch Earlier research established that the enzymes lytic ... - Read More

Path to artificial photosynthesis? Manganese catalyst's electronic states characterized

Scientists at the Helmholtz Center for Materials and Energy HZB in collaboration with the School of Chemistry and ARC Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science at Monash University Australia have precisely characterized a manganese catalyst's ... - Read More

Individual protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei do not behave according to predictions

Individual protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei turn out not to behave according to the predictions made by existing theoretical models This surprising conclusion reached by an international team of physicists including staff members from ... - Read More

Voyage from Earth's crust to its mantle and back again

Uranium isotopes leave a distinct 'fingerprint' in the sources of volcanic rocks making it possible to gauge their age and origin Geologists have gained a new understanding of how Earth's crust is recycled back into ... - Read More

New sulfate-breathing species discovered beneath ocean crust: Third of Earth's biomass in largely uncharted environment

Two miles below the surface of the ocean researchers have discovered new microbes that breathe sulfate The microbes which have yet to be classified and named exist in massive undersea aquifers networks of channels in ... - Read More

Water, water, everywhere: Controlling the properties of nanomaterials

Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are learning how the properties of water molecules on the surface of metal oxides can be used to better control these minerals and use ... - Read More

Water, Water, Everywhere -- Controlling the Properties of Nanomaterials

Wendy Hames and Katie Bethea Published Work H W Wang M DelloStritto N Kumar A I Kolesnikov P R C Kent J D Kubicki D J Wesolowski and J O Sofo “Vibrational density of states ... - Read More

Making synthetic materials more impervious: fewer plastic substances in food

Synthetic materials are convenient in many respects but they have one disadvantage they are permeable to gases In order to make plastic more impervious Ruhr Universität engineers apply wafer thin layers on surfaces This would ... - Read More

Iron toxicity for cyanobacteria delayed oxygen accumulation in early Earth's atmosphere

Three billion years ago Earth's atmosphere contained less than 0.0001 percent oxygen Today's atmosphere has around 20 percent oxygen and that is due to the work of tiny microorganisms in Earth's primeval oceans Cyanobacteria which ... - Read More

Microscopy reveals how atom-high steps impede oxidation of metal surfaces

Rust never sleeps Whether a reference to the 1979 Neil Young album or a product designed to protect metal surfaces the phrase invokes the idea that corrosion from oxidation the more general chemical name for ... - Read More

What 'fecal prints' of microbes can tell us about Earth's evolution

Everything that eats must excrete and microbes are no exception Microbes have dominated Earth's ecology for at least the past 3.5 billion years They play a vital role in the planet's carbon cycle by digesting ... - Read More

A gold catalyst for clear water: Mixed nanoparticle systems may help purify water and generate hydrogen

Improved photocatalyst microparticles containing gold nanoparticles can be used to purify water A new catalyst could have dramatic environmental benefits if it can live up to its potential suggests research from Singapore A*STAR researchers have ... - Read More

Mysteries of 'molecular machines' revealed: Phenix software uses X-ray diffraction spots to produce 3-D image

Scientists are making it easier for pharmaceutical companies and researchers to see the detailed inner workings of molecular machines 'Inside each cell in our bodies and inside every bacterium and virus are tiny but complex ... - Read More

NASA Goddard instrument makes first detection of organic matter on Mars

The team responsible for the Sample Analysis at Mars SAM instrument suite on NASA's Curiosity rover has made the first definitive detection of organic molecules at Mars Organic molecules are the building blocks of all ... - Read More

New way to diagnose brain damage from concussions, strokes, and dementia

New optical diagnostic technology developed at Tufts University School of Engineering promises new ways to identify and monitor brain damage resulting from traumatic injury stroke or vascular dementia in real time and without invasive procedures ... - Read More

No laughing matter: Nitrous oxide rose at end of last ice age

Nitrous oxide N2O is an important greenhouse gas that doesn't receive as much notoriety as carbon dioxide or methane but a new study confirms that atmospheric levels of N2O rose significantly as the Earth came ... - Read More

Organic electronics could lead to cheap, wearable medical sensors

Future fitness trackers could soon add blood oxygen levels to the list of vital signs measured with new technology developed by engineers at UC Berkeley There are various pulse oximeters already on the market that ... - Read More

Nanoscale resistors for quantum devices

The electrical characteristics of new thin film chromium oxide resistors that can be tuned by controlling the oxygen content detailed in the Journal of Applied Physics Researchers from the London Centre for Nanotechnology have made ... - Read More
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