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News articles about "Oxygen"

Impact of Deepwater Horizon Oil on beach microbial communities

When oil from the Deepwater Horizon spill first began washing ashore on Pensacola Municipal Beach in June 2010 populations of sensitive microorganisms including those that capture sunlight or fix nitrogen from the air began to ... - Read More

Ancient rocks show life could have flourished on Earth 3.2 billion years ago

A spark from a lightning bolt interstellar dust or a subsea volcano could have triggered the very first life on Earth But what happened next Life can exist without oxygen but without plentiful nitrogen to ... - Read More

Material for efficient plasmonic devices in mid-infrared range

A research team led by North Carolina State University has identified and synthesized a material that can be used to create efficient plasmonic devices that respond to light in the mid infrared IR range This ... - Read More

First glimpse of a chemical bond being born

Scientists have used an X ray laser at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to get the first glimpse of the transition state where two atoms begin to form a weak bond on ... - Read More

Scientists Get First Glimpse of a Chemical Bond Being Born

Scientists have used an X ray laser at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to get the first glimpse of the transition state where two atoms begin to form a weak bond on ... - Read More

Smothered oceans: Extreme oxygen loss in oceans accompanied past global climate change

Seafloor sediment cores reveal abrupt extensive loss of oxygen in the ocean when ice sheets melted roughly 10 000 17 000 years ago according to a study from the University of California Davis The findings ... - Read More

Holes in valence bands of nanodiamonds discovered: Potential catalysts for splitting water

But how are the electronic properties of nanodiamonds deposited on a solid state substrate different from those displayed by nanodiamonds in aqueous solutions Dr Tristan Petit working in the HZB team headed by Prof Emad ... - Read More

Converting olive mash into cash

An experimental system to create heat and power with waste from olive oil processing is up and running in Spain Carina Lagergren a researcher from Sweden's KTH Royal Institute of Technology says the system shows ... - Read More

More light shed on on biomass breakdown

Scientists at the University of York are part of a research team which has found that a recently discovered family of enzymes can degrade resistant forms of starch Earlier research established that the enzymes lytic ... - Read More

Path to artificial photosynthesis? Manganese catalyst's electronic states characterized

Scientists at the Helmholtz Center for Materials and Energy HZB in collaboration with the School of Chemistry and ARC Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science at Monash University Australia have precisely characterized a manganese catalyst's ... - Read More

Individual protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei do not behave according to predictions

Individual protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei turn out not to behave according to the predictions made by existing theoretical models This surprising conclusion reached by an international team of physicists including staff members from ... - Read More

Voyage from Earth's crust to its mantle and back again

Uranium isotopes leave a distinct 'fingerprint' in the sources of volcanic rocks making it possible to gauge their age and origin Geologists have gained a new understanding of how Earth's crust is recycled back into ... - Read More

New sulfate-breathing species discovered beneath ocean crust: Third of Earth's biomass in largely uncharted environment

Two miles below the surface of the ocean researchers have discovered new microbes that breathe sulfate The microbes which have yet to be classified and named exist in massive undersea aquifers networks of channels in ... - Read More

Water, water, everywhere: Controlling the properties of nanomaterials

Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are learning how the properties of water molecules on the surface of metal oxides can be used to better control these minerals and use ... - Read More

Water, Water, Everywhere -- Controlling the Properties of Nanomaterials

Wendy Hames and Katie Bethea Published Work H W Wang M DelloStritto N Kumar A I Kolesnikov P R C Kent J D Kubicki D J Wesolowski and J O Sofo “Vibrational density of states ... - Read More

Making synthetic materials more impervious: fewer plastic substances in food

Synthetic materials are convenient in many respects but they have one disadvantage they are permeable to gases In order to make plastic more impervious Ruhr Universität engineers apply wafer thin layers on surfaces This would ... - Read More

Iron toxicity for cyanobacteria delayed oxygen accumulation in early Earth's atmosphere

Three billion years ago Earth's atmosphere contained less than 0.0001 percent oxygen Today's atmosphere has around 20 percent oxygen and that is due to the work of tiny microorganisms in Earth's primeval oceans Cyanobacteria which ... - Read More

Microscopy reveals how atom-high steps impede oxidation of metal surfaces

Rust never sleeps Whether a reference to the 1979 Neil Young album or a product designed to protect metal surfaces the phrase invokes the idea that corrosion from oxidation the more general chemical name for ... - Read More

What 'fecal prints' of microbes can tell us about Earth's evolution

Everything that eats must excrete and microbes are no exception Microbes have dominated Earth's ecology for at least the past 3.5 billion years They play a vital role in the planet's carbon cycle by digesting ... - Read More

A gold catalyst for clear water: Mixed nanoparticle systems may help purify water and generate hydrogen

Improved photocatalyst microparticles containing gold nanoparticles can be used to purify water A new catalyst could have dramatic environmental benefits if it can live up to its potential suggests research from Singapore A*STAR researchers have ... - Read More
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