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News articles about "Oxygen"

Hydrogen fuel? Thin films of nickel and iron oxides yield efficient solar water-splitting catalyst

Iron oxides, Yield, Catalyst, Fuel, Thin films, Films
University of Oregon chemists say that ultra thin films of nickel and iron oxides made through a solution synthesis process are promising catalysts to combine with semiconductors to make devices that capture sunlight and convert ... - Read More

Breakthrough could lead to cheaper, more sustainable chemical production

Chemical, Chemical, chemical, chemical
A key advance newly reported by chemists from Brown and Yale Universities could lead to a cheaper and more sustainable way to make acrylate an important commodity chemical used to make materials from polyester fabrics ... - Read More

Oxygen-poor 'boring' ocean challenged evolution of early life

Ocean, Ocean
A research team led by biogeochemists at the University of California Riverside has filled in a billion year gap in our understanding of conditions in the early ocean during a critical time in the history ... - Read More

Highly effective communities of bacteria in the world's deepest oceanic trench

An international research team announces the first scientific results from one of the most inaccessible places on Earth the bottom of the Mariana Trench located nearly 11 kilometers below sea level in the western Pacific ... - Read More

Life deep within oceanic crust sustained by energy from interior of Earth

Crust
The core drill slides through a drill pipe extending from the drill ship at the sea surface through a water depth of 2.5 km and hundreds of metres of sediment into the oceanic crust off ... - Read More

New cancer diagnostic technique debuts

Cancer cells break down sugars and produce the metabolic acid lactate at a much higher rate than normal cells This phenomenon provides a telltale sign that cancer is present via diagnostics such as PET scans ... - Read More

Catalysts that produce 'green' fuel

The energy produced by solar panels be it heat or electricity has to be used right away It is hard to store and preserve and also its transportation can be rather complicated Creating solar cells ... - Read More

Biological wires carry electricity thanks to special amino acids

Slender bacterial nanowires require certain key amino acids in order to conduct electricity according to a study to be published in mBio® the online open access journal of the American Society for Microbiology on March ... - Read More

Pittsburgh's leaky faucet: How aging sewers are impacting urban watersheds

Nitrogen, nitrogen
Aging sewer systems are spilling a considerable amount of nitrogen into urban watersheds diminishing both the quality of water and ecosystems' habitats However many studies documenting the impacts of nitrogen on urban environs have not ... - Read More

Specialised germanium surface as universal protein adapter

Researchers at the Ruhr Universität Bochum have developed a new method for attaching proteins to the surface of germanium crystals for the first time also membrane proteins This enables time resolved tracking of the interactions ... - Read More

Advance in re-engineering photosynthesis to make drugs, compounds or ingredients

Scientists are reporting an advance in re engineering photosynthesis to transform plants into bio factories that manufacture high value ingredients for medicines fabrics fuels and other products They report on the research in the journal ... - Read More

Killing cancer cells with acid reflux

Acid, cancer
A University of Central Florida chemist has come up with a unique way to kill certain cancer cells give them acid reflux Share This See Also Cancer Colon Cancer Brain Tumor Optics Chemistry Biochemistry Embryonic ... - Read More

Biobatteries catch breath

Oxygen
An air breathing bio battery has been constructed by researchers from the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw The core element providing the new power source with relatively high ... - Read More

Biomass analysis tool is faster, more precise

Analysis
A screening tool from the U S Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL eases and greatly quickens one of the thorniest tasks in the biofuels industry determining cell wall chemistry to find plants ... - Read More

Human-made material pushes the bounds of superconductivity

A multi university team of researchers has artificially engineered a unique multilayer material that could lead to breakthroughs in both superconductivity research and in real world applications Share This See Also Materials Science Civil Engineering ... - Read More

New study reveals how sensitive US East Coast regions may be to ocean acidification

Ocean, Ocean
A continental scale chemical survey in the waters of the eastern U S and Gulf of Mexico is helping researchers determine how distinct bodies of water will resist changes in acidity The study which measures ... - Read More

Turbulence in a crystal

Crystal
When a crystal is hit by an intense ultrashort light pulse its atomic structure is set in motion A team of scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics MPQ the Technischen Universität München ... - Read More

Order in the chaos of a cell membrane

An explanation has been proposed for the way in which ordered structures arise in cell membranes Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces in Potsdam have discovered how complex compounds of sugar ... - Read More

Researchers find new information about 'Snowball Earth' period

It is rather difficult to imagine but approximately 635 million years ago ice may have covered a vast portion of our planet in an event called Snowball Earth According to the Snowball Earth hypothesis the ... - Read More

Mineral diversity clue to early Earth chemistry

Mineral evolution is a new way to look at our planet's history It's the study of the increasing diversity and characteristics of Earth's near surface minerals from the dozen that arrived on interstellar dust particles ... - Read More
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