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News articles about "Oxygen"

Lava erupting on sea floor linked to deep-carbon cycle

sea
Scientists from the Smithsonian and the University of Rhode Island have found unsuspected linkages between the oxidation state of iron in volcanic rocks and variations in the chemistry of the deep Earth Not only do ... - Read More

Mysterious catalyst explained: How tiny gold particles aid the production of plastic components

Catalyst
From methanol to formaldehyde this reaction is the starting point for the synthesis of many everyday plastics Using catalysts made of gold particles formaldehyde could be produced without the environmentally hazardous waste generated in conventional ... - Read More

Materials: Two ways to tame a radical

Replacing traditional semiconductors with flexible and lightweight organic components has the potential to realize significant cost savings for manufacturers Recently a promising class of organic materials known as open shell polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons PAHs has ... - Read More

How trees play role in smog production

Smog
After years of scientific uncertainty and speculation researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill show exactly how trees help create one of society's predominant environmental and health concerns air pollution Share This ... - Read More

Rethinking early atmospheric oxygen: Possibility of more dynamic biological oxygen cycle on early Earth than previously supposed

Oxygen, Oxygen, oxygen
A research team of biogeochemists at the University of California Riverside has provided a new view on the relationship between the earliest accumulation of oxygen in the atmosphere arguably the most important biological event in ... - Read More

What planets are made of: Findings establish counterintuitive potential planet-forming materials

Planets
A team of researchers led by Artem R Oganov a professor of theoretical crystallography in the Department of Geosciences has made a startling prediction that challenges existing chemical models and current understanding of planetary interiors ... - Read More

Ancient Earth crust stored in deep mantle

Scientists have long believed that lava erupted from certain oceanic volcanoes contains materials from the early Earth's crust But decisive evidence for this phenomenon has proven elusive New research from a team including Carnegie's Erik ... - Read More

Recipe for low-cost, biomass-derived catalyst for hydrogen production

Catalyst
In a paper to be published in an upcoming issue of Energy & amp Environmental Science researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory describe details of a low cost stable effective ... - Read More

Geoscientists Predict New Compounds Could Change Our View of What Planets are Made of

a much cheaper route compared to traditional experimental methods ” said Zhu  “It is known that MgO makes up about 10 percent of the volume of our planet and on other planets this fraction can ... - Read More

Microscopic dust particles found in underground railways may pose health risk

New research from the University of Southampton has found that working or travelling on an underground railway for a sustained period of time could have health implications Share This See Also Workplace Health Health Policy ... - Read More

Big ecosystem changes viewed through the lens of tiny carnivorous plants

Plants, Ecosystem, Ecosystem, plants
What do a pond or a lake and a carnivorous pitcher plant have in common Share This See Also Ecology Research Endangered Plants Botany Ecology Ecosystems Exotic Species Ecosystem Pitcher plant Trophic level Ecological succession ... - Read More

New research findings open door to zinc-oxide-based UV lasers, LED devices

Researchers from North Carolina State University have solved a long standing materials science problem making it possible to create new semiconductor devices using zinc oxide ZnO including efficient ultraviolet UV lasers and LED devices for ... - Read More

Iron in primeval seas rusted by bacteria

Bacteria, bacteria
Researchers from the University of Tübingen have been able to show for the first time how microorganisms contributed to the formation of the world's biggest iron ore deposits The biggest known deposits in South Africa ... - Read More

Geochemical method finds links between terrestrial climate and atmospheric carbon dioxide

Atmospheric
Nearly 34 million years ago   Earth underwent a transformation from a warm high carbon dioxide greenhouse state to a lower CO2 variable climate similar to the modern icehouse world Massive ice sheets grew across ... - Read More

Surprising findings on hydrogen production in green algae

New research fuels hope of efficient hydrogen production with green algae being possible in the future despite the prevailing scepticism based on previous research The study changes the view on the potential of green algae ... - Read More

Ocean's future not so bleak? Resilience found in shelled plants exposed to ocean acidification

Ocean, Ocean
Marine scientists have long understood the detrimental effect of fossil fuel emissions on marine ecosystems But a group led by a UC Santa Barbara professor has found a point of resilience in a microscopic shelled ... - Read More

Major Symposium on Arsenic Contamination in Food and Water Supplies

manufacturers stopped adding it to common household products ” Other speakers in the symposium focused on the ongoing problem of arsenic contamination in the 21st century Arsenic occurs naturally in elevated concentrations in the soil ... - Read More

Spring rains bring life to Midwest granaries but foster Gulf of Mexico 'Dead Zone'

Water, Water, Water
algae in the Gulf The algae bloom and eventually die and decay removing oxygen from the water The result is water too oxygen depleted to support life ” An oceanographer and executive director of the ... - Read More

Spring Rains Bring Life to Midwest Granaries but Foster Gulf of Mexico 'Dead Zone'

algae in the Gulf The algae bloom and eventually die and decay removing oxygen from the water The result is water too oxygen depleted to support life ” An oceanographer and executive director of the ... - Read More

How carbon moves within planet plays big role in planetary atmosphere formation

Carbon, Atmosphere, Atmosphere, carbon
A new study in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences suggests that the way carbon moves from within a planet to the surface plays a big role in the evolution of a planet's atmosphere ... - Read More
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