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News articles about "organisms"

Life underground: Microbes active far beneath seafloor

Microbes are living more than 500 feet beneath the seafloor in 5 million year old sediment according to new findings by researchers at the University of Delaware and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Genetic material ... - Read More

Bridge species drive tropical engine of biodiversity

Fossil
Although scientists have known since the middle of the 19th century that the tropics are teeming with species while the poles harbor relatively few the origin of the most dramatic and pervasive biodiversity on Earth ... - Read More

Three-billion-year-old microfossils include plankton

Carbon, carbon
Spindle shaped inclusions in three billion year old rocks are microfossils of plankton that probably inhabited the oceans around the globe during that time according to an international team of researchers It is surprising to ... - Read More

Alpine lakes reflect climate change

Increases in temperature as a result of climate change are mirrored in lake waters where temperatures are also on the rise A new study by Dr Martin Dokulil retired researcher from the Institute for Limnology ... - Read More

Enzyme from wood-eating gribble could help turn waste into biofuel

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Scientists have discovered a new enzyme that could prove an important step in the quest to turn waste such as paper scrap wood and straw into liquid fuel To do this they turned to the ... - Read More

Acceleration of ocean denitrification during deglaciation documented

As ice sheets melted during the deglaciation of the last ice age and global oceans warmed oceanic oxygen levels decreased and denitrification accelerated by 30 to 120 percent a new international study shows creating oxygen ... - Read More

Rainforests take the heat, paleontologists show

Heat
South American rainforests thrived during three extreme global warming events in the past say paleontologists at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in a new report published in the Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science ... - Read More

Disappearance of stromatolites, earliest visible manifestation of life: Ancient enigma solved?

Structure, Structure
The widespread disappearance of stromatolites the earliest visible manifestation of life on Earth may have been driven by single celled organisms called foraminifera The findings by scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Massachusetts Institute ... - Read More

Self-assembled nanostructures for hostile environments

Nanostructures
Nanostructures that assemble themselves from polymer molecules could prove to be useful tools in chemistry and industry However it is difficult to develop structurally robust self assembling materials because they are often adversely affected by ... - Read More

Scientists find possible solution to an ancient enigma

Solution
The widespread disappearance of stromatolites the earliest visible manifestation of life on Earth may have been driven by single celled organisms called foraminifera The findings by scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Massachusetts Institute ... - Read More

Fast-sinking jellyfish could boost the oceans' uptake of carbon dioxide

Fast, Oceans
The oceans absorb about 25 percent of the carbon dioxide CO2 emitted by human activities Since the industrial revolution they have taken up about half of the human made CO2. Billions of planktonic organisms too ... - Read More

Vast methane-based ecosystem uncovered

Methane, Methane, Ecosystem, Ecosystem
A marine research expedition sponsored by the U S Bureau of Ocean Energy Management BOEM and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA has led to the discovery of perhaps the world's largest methane cold ... - Read More

Volcanoes cause climate gas concentrations to vary

Gas
Trace gases and aerosols are major factors influencing the climate With the help of highly complex installations such as MIPAS on board of the ENVISAT satellite researchers try to better understand the processes in the ... - Read More

Unique method creates correct mirror image of molecule

Molecule, molecule
Many molecules have a right and a left form just like shoes In pharmaceuticals it is important that the correct form of the molecule is used Researchers at the University of Gothenburg Sweden have been ... - Read More

Origins of life: In early Earth, iron helped RNA catalyze electron transfer

Earth, earth
A new study shows how complex biochemical transformations may have been possible under conditions that existed when life began on the early Earth The study shows that RNA is capable of catalyzing electron transfer under ... - Read More

In Early Earth, Iron Helped RNA Catalyze Electron Transfer

Released 5 14 2013 9 50 PM EDTEmbargo expired 5 19 2013 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Georgia Institute of Technology Research Communications more news from this source May 19 2013 A new study shows ... - Read More

X-ray tomography of living frog embryo

X-ray
Classical X ray radiographs provide information about internal absorptive structures of organisms such as bones Alternatively X rays can also image soft tissues throughout early embryonic development of vertebrates Related to this a new X ... - Read More

Beautiful 'flowers' self-assemble in a beaker

Beaker
Spring is like a perhaps hand wrote the poet E E Cummings carefully moving a perhaps fraction of flower here placing an inch of air there without breaking anything With the hand of nature trained ... - Read More

Natural 'keystone molecules' punch over their weight in ecosystems

Naturally occurring keystone molecules that have powerful behavioral effects on diverse organisms often play large but unrecognized roles in structuring ecosystems according to a theory proposed in the June issue of BioScience The authors of ... - Read More

Research On Cilia Heats Up: Implications For Hearing, Vision Loss And Kidney Disease

into molecular signals for the cell so that it can respond appropriately to its environment The signaling molecules inside cilia are tailored to the required responses For example some are proteins that bind to DNA ... - Read More
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