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News articles about "organisms"

Why crop rotation works: Change in crop species causes shift in soil microbes

Crop rotation has been used since Roman times to improve plant nutrition and to control the spread of disease A new study to be published in Nature's The ISME Journal reveals the profound effect it ... - Read More

Using bacteria batteries to make electricity

Their idea is state of the art Ten Bielefeld students have set their sights on constructing a bio battery They want to make use of the bacteria Escherichia coli to convert glucose into energy With ... - Read More

Treating oil spills with chemical dispersants: Is the cure worse than the ailment?

Chemical, Chemical, chemical, chemical
Treating oil spills at sea with chemical dispersants is detrimental to European sea bass A new study to be presented at the Society for Experimental Biology meeting in Valencia on July 6 suggests that although ... - Read More

Greenhouse gas likely altering ocean foodchain: Atmospheric CO2 has big consequences for tiny bacteria

Atmospheric, Gas
Climate change may be weeding out the bacteria that form the base of the ocean's food chain selecting certain strains for survival according to a new study In climate change as in everything there are ... - Read More

Atmospheric CO2 has big consequences for the tiny bacteria that are foundation of most of life in the sea

Atmospheric, sea
Climate change may be weeding out the bacteria that form the base of the ocean's food chain selecting certain strains for survival according to a new study In climate change as in everything there are ... - Read More

A potentially life-saving protein takes shape

A tiny protein called ubiquitin so named because it is present in every cell of living things as dissimilar as hollyhocks and humans may hold the key to treatment for a variety of diseases from ... - Read More

Study Finds Biochemical Role of Crucial TonB Protein in Bacterial Iron Transport and Pathogenesis

Released 7 1 2013 9 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom Kansas State University more news from this source Jul 1 2013 MANHATTAN Kan A Kansas State University led study has discovered the role of a protein ... - Read More

Major changes needed for coral reef survival

Ocean, Ocean
To prevent coral reefs around the world from dying off deep cuts in carbon dioxide emissions are required says a new study from Carnegie's Katharine Ricke and Ken Caldeira They find that all existing coral ... - Read More

Computational chemistry draws for first time 'interactive cartographic map' of enzymes during chemical reactions

Knowing how enzymes work is key to control the chemical processes involving these biological macromolecules that have countless applications in the fields of medicine and industry Computational chemistry has enabled to draw for the first ... - Read More

Tiny nanocubes help scientists tell left from right

Chiral
In chemical reactions left and right can make a big difference A left handed molecule of a particular chemical composition could be an effective drug while its mirror image right handed counterpart could be completely ... - Read More

Algae shows promise as pollution-fighter, fuel-maker

Fuel
A hardy algae species is showing promise in both reducing power plant pollution and making biofuel based on new research at the University of Delaware The microscopic algae Heterosigma akashiwo grows rapidly on a gas ... - Read More

Biochemists Identify Protease Substrates Important to Bacterial Growth

Released 6 26 2013 12 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Massachusetts Amherst more news from this source Jun 26 2013 AMHERST Mass – Reporting this month in Molecular Microbiology Peter Chien and colleagues at ... - Read More

Underwater springs reveal how coral reefs respond to ocean acidification

Ocean, Ocean
Ocean acidification due to rising carbon dioxide levels will reduce the density of coral skeletons making coral reefs more vulnerable to disruption and erosion according to a new study of corals growing where submarine springs ... - Read More

'Cold snap' 116 million years ago triggered marine ecosystem crisis

Ecosystem, Ecosystem, marine, Marine
A cold snap 116 million years ago triggered a similar marine ecosystem crisis to the ones witnessed in the past as a result of global warming according to research published in Nature Geoscience The international ... - Read More

Global cooling as significant as global warming, study of marine ecosystems during Cretaceous period shows

Ecosystems
A cold snap 116 million years ago triggered a similar marine ecosystem crisis to the ones witnessed in the past as a result of global warming according to research published in Nature Geoscience The international ... - Read More

Secrets of biological soil crusts uncovered

biological
They lie dormant for years but at the first sign of favorable conditions they awaken This sounds like the tagline for a science fiction movie but it describes the amazing life cycles of microbial organisms ... - Read More

Memory-Boosting Chemical Is Identified in Mice

trigger different enzymes to act downstream to switch off eIF2 alpha “Among other things the inactivation of eIF2 alpha is a brake on memory consolidation ” Walter said perhaps an evolutionary consequence of a cell ... - Read More

Study of oceans' past raises worries about their future

Oceans
The ocean the Titanic sailed through just over 100 years ago was very different from the one we swim in today Global warming is increasing ocean temperatures and harming marine food webs Nitrogen run off ... - Read More

Deep biosphere harbors active, growing communities of microorganisms

Microorganisms, Biosphere
The deep biosphere the realm of sediments far below the seafloor harbors a vast ecosystem of bacteria archaea and fungi that are actively metabolizing proliferating and moving according a new study by scientists at Woods ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide absorption in Antarctic seas

Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, carbon
The seas around Antarctica can at times resemble a garden Large scale experiments where scientists spray iron into the waters literally fertilizing phytoplankton have created huge human made algal blooms Such geoengineering experiments produce diatoms ... - Read More
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