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News articles about "organisms"

Motorized microscopic matchsticks move in water with sense of direction

Water, Water, Water
Chemists physicists and computer scientists at the University of Warwick have come together to devise a new powerful and very versatile way of controlling the speed and direction of motion of microscopic structures in water ... - Read More

Panda Poop Microbes Could Make Biofuels of the Future -- an Update

that’s why we focused on the microbes in the giant panda ” Working with scientists at the University of Wisconsin Madison Brown’s team identified bacteria that break down lignocellulose into simple sugars which can be ... - Read More

Programmable glue made of DNA directs tiny gel bricks to self-assemble

Gel
A team of researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University has found a way to self assemble complex structures out of bricks smaller than a grain of salt The self ... - Read More

Genome of elastomeric materials creates novel materials

Materials, materials
A wide range of biologically inspired materials may now be possible by combining protein studies materials science and RNA sequencing according to an international team of researchers Biological methods of synthesizing materials are not new ... - Read More

Climate change will upset vital ocean chemical cycles

Ocean, Climate change, Climate change, Climate, Ocean, climate
New research from the University of East Anglia shows that rising ocean temperatures will upset natural cycles of carbon dioxide nitrogen and phosphorus Plankton plays an important role in the ocean's carbon cycle by removing ... - Read More

Hydraulic fracturing in Michigan investigated

Gas
University of Michigan researchers today released seven technical reports that together form the most comprehensive Michigan focused resource on hydraulic fracturing the controversial natural gas and oil extraction process commonly known as fracking The studies ... - Read More

Deep-ocean carbon sinks: Basic research on dark ocean microorganisms

Ocean, Ocean
Although microbes that live in the so called dark ocean below a depth of some 600 feet where light doesn't penetrate may not absorb enough carbon to curtail global warming they do absorb considerable amounts ... - Read More

Blue-green algae a five-tool player in converting waste to fuel

In the baseball world a superstar can do five things exceptionally well hit hit for power run throw and field said Fuzhong Zhang In the parallel universe of the microbiological world there is a current ... - Read More

DNA 'cages' may aid drug delivery

Drug delivery
Nanoscale cages made from strands of DNA can encapsulate small molecule drugs and release them in response to a specific stimulus McGill University researchers report in a new study The research published online Sept 1 ... - Read More

Carbon-sequestering ocean plants may cope with climate changes over the long run

Ocean, Plants, Carbon, plants, Climate, Ocean, climate, carbon
A year long experiment on tiny ocean organisms called coccolithophores suggests that the single celled algae may still be able to grow their calcified shells even as oceans grow warmer and more acidic in Earth's ... - Read More

Biomaterial, pharmacy researchers develop polymer to help oral medications reach bloodstream

All too often when a person takes a pill full of a potent and effective drug the drug passes straight through the body not reaching the organ where it is needed a waste of money ... - Read More

How quickly can a bacterium grow? E. coli can replicate close to thermodynamic limits of efficiency

Replication, Heat
All living things must obey the laws of physics including the second law of thermodynamics which states that the universe's disorder or entropy can only grow Highly ordered cells and organisms appear to contradict this ... - Read More

RNA double helix structure identified using synchrotron light

Light, Structure, Structure, Light
When Francis Crick and James Watson discovered the double helical structure of deoxyribonucleic acid DNA in 1953 their findings began a genetic revolution to map study and sequence the building blocks of living organisms DNA ... - Read More

Nanosensors could aid drug manufacturing

Nanosensors
MIT chemical engineers have discovered that arrays of billions of nanoscale sensors have unique properties that could help pharmaceutical companies produce drugs especially those based on antibodies more safely and efficiently Using these sensors the ... - Read More

Morphing manganese: New discovery alters understanding of chemistry that moves elements through natural world

Elements
An often overlooked form of manganese an element critical to many life processes is far more prevalent in ocean environments than previously known according to a study led by University of Delaware researchers that was ... - Read More

Computer simulations indicate calcium carbonate has a dense liquid phase

Phase, Calcium
Computer simulations conducted at the U S Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab could help scientists make sense of a recently observed and puzzling wrinkle in one of nature's most important chemical ... - Read More

Peering into the heart of aquatic embryo development

Aquatic
Scientists using a pioneering bio imaging system to record simultaneously the development of hundreds of aquatic embryos have discovered significant parent offspring similarities in the timing and sequence of that development Researchers at Plymouth University ... - Read More

Soil biodiversity will be crucial to future land management and response to climate change

Research by scientists at The University of Manchester and Lancaster shows maintaining healthy soil biodiversity can play an important role in optimising land management programmes to reap benefits from the living soil The findings published ... - Read More

Atomic insights into plant growth: How plant steroid hormone makes plants grow

Plant, plant
If one wants to better understand how plants grow one must analyse the chemistry of life in its molecular detail Michael Hothorn from the Friedrich Miescher Laboratory of the Max Planck Society in Tübingen and ... - Read More

New materials for bio-based hydrogen synthesis: Synthetic biology enables spontaneous protein activation

New materials, Spontaneous, Synthesis
Researchers at the Ruhr Universität Bochum RUB have discovered an efficient process for hydrogen biocatalysis They developed semi synthetic hydrogenases hydrogen generating enzymes by adding the protein's biological precursor to a chemically synthesized inactive iron ... - Read More
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