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News articles about "organisms"

Nanosensors could aid drug manufacturing

Nanosensors
MIT chemical engineers have discovered that arrays of billions of nanoscale sensors have unique properties that could help pharmaceutical companies produce drugs especially those based on antibodies more safely and efficiently Using these sensors the ... - Read More

Morphing manganese: New discovery alters understanding of chemistry that moves elements through natural world

Elements
An often overlooked form of manganese an element critical to many life processes is far more prevalent in ocean environments than previously known according to a study led by University of Delaware researchers that was ... - Read More

Computer simulations indicate calcium carbonate has a dense liquid phase

Phase, Calcium
Computer simulations conducted at the U S Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab could help scientists make sense of a recently observed and puzzling wrinkle in one of nature's most important chemical ... - Read More

Peering into the heart of aquatic embryo development

Aquatic
Scientists using a pioneering bio imaging system to record simultaneously the development of hundreds of aquatic embryos have discovered significant parent offspring similarities in the timing and sequence of that development Researchers at Plymouth University ... - Read More

Soil biodiversity will be crucial to future land management and response to climate change

Research by scientists at The University of Manchester and Lancaster shows maintaining healthy soil biodiversity can play an important role in optimising land management programmes to reap benefits from the living soil The findings published ... - Read More

Atomic insights into plant growth: How plant steroid hormone makes plants grow

Plant, plant
If one wants to better understand how plants grow one must analyse the chemistry of life in its molecular detail Michael Hothorn from the Friedrich Miescher Laboratory of the Max Planck Society in Tübingen and ... - Read More

New materials for bio-based hydrogen synthesis: Synthetic biology enables spontaneous protein activation

New materials, Spontaneous, Synthesis
Researchers at the Ruhr Universität Bochum RUB have discovered an efficient process for hydrogen biocatalysis They developed semi synthetic hydrogenases hydrogen generating enzymes by adding the protein's biological precursor to a chemically synthesized inactive iron ... - Read More

Bio-inspired design may lead to more energy efficient windows

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
University of Toronto Engineering professor Ben Hatton MSE is turning to nature to find a way to make windows more energy efficient In a recent article in Solar Energy Materials & amp Solar Cells Hatton ... - Read More

Genome-wide profiling of microRNAs demonstrates how increasing CO2 and temperatures affect plant development

Plant, plant
A study on the mechanisms of how plants respond and adapt to elevated levels of carbon dioxide CO2 and higher temperatures has opened a new perspective in climate research Lead researcher Qiong A Liu Alison ... - Read More

More accurate model of climate change's effect on soil

Scientists from UC Irvine and the National Center for Atmospheric Research have developed a new computer model to measure global warming's effect on soil worldwide that accounts for how bacteria and fungi in soil control ... - Read More

Scientists discover mineral-making secrets potentially useful for new materials

Proteins have gotten most of the attention in studies of how organic materials control the initial step of making the first tiny crystals that organisms use to build structures that help them move and protect ... - Read More

Surprising result discovered when looking into effects of carbon nanotubes and soil sorption of toxicants

When it comes to carbon nanotubes CNTs in the soil recent research at Texas Tech University shows that the new materials do not affect the sorption of the toxic part of oil called polycyclic aromatic ... - Read More

Water molecules control inactivation and recovery of potassium channels

potassium, molecules
Just 12 molecules of water cause the long post activation recovery period required by potassium ion channels before they can function again Using molecular simulations that modeled a potassium channel and its immediate cellular environment ... - Read More

Rocks can restore our climate ... after 300,000 years

A study of a global warming event that happened 93 million years ago suggests that the Earth can recover from high carbon dioxide emissions faster than thought but that this process takes around 300 000 ... - Read More

Watching molecule movements in live cells

Molecule, molecule, cells, cells
The newly developed STED RICS microscopy method records rapid movements of molecules in live samples By combining raster image correlation spectroscopy RICS with STED fluorescence microscopy researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT opened up ... - Read More

First atlas on oceanic plankton

Ocean, organisms, Ocean, organisms
In an international collaborative project scientists have recorded the times places and concentrations of oceanic plankton occurrences worldwide Their data has been collected in a global atlas that covers organisms from bacteria to krill Oceans ... - Read More

First global atlas of marine plankton reveals remarkable underwater world

marine, Marine
Under the microscope they look like they could be from another planet but these microscopic organisms inhabit the depths of our oceans in nearly infinite numbers To begin to identify where when and how much ... - Read More

Why crop rotation works: Change in crop species causes shift in soil microbes

Crop rotation has been used since Roman times to improve plant nutrition and to control the spread of disease A new study to be published in Nature's The ISME Journal reveals the profound effect it ... - Read More

Using bacteria batteries to make electricity

Their idea is state of the art Ten Bielefeld students have set their sights on constructing a bio battery They want to make use of the bacteria Escherichia coli to convert glucose into energy With ... - Read More

Treating oil spills with chemical dispersants: Is the cure worse than the ailment?

Chemical, Chemical, chemical, chemical
Treating oil spills at sea with chemical dispersants is detrimental to European sea bass A new study to be presented at the Society for Experimental Biology meeting in Valencia on July 6 suggests that although ... - Read More
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