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News articles about "organisms"

Assumptions about origins of life challenged

Before there was life on Earth there were molecules A primordial soup At some point a few specialized molecules began replicating This self replication scientists agree kick started a biochemical process that would lead to ... - Read More

Earth's wobble 'fixes' dinner for marine organisms

marine, organisms, Marine, Earth, organisms, earth
The cyclic wobble of Earth on its axis controls the production of a nutrient essential to the health of the ocean according to a new study in the journal Nature The discovery of factors that ... - Read More

Toxic methylmercury-producing microbes more widespread than realized

Mercury
Microbes that live in rice paddies northern peat bogs and other previously unexpected environments are among the bacteria that can generate highly toxic methylmercury researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Smithsonian Environmental Research ... - Read More

Algae and bacteria in sea ice are important for the carbon budgets of frozen oceans

sea, Ice, Oceans
Underneath the pristine snow cover of the Arctic and Antarctic pack ice there is a community of microscopic algae and bacteria that thrive within the ice itself These ice organisms are adapted to growing on ... - Read More

Tiny plankton could have big impact on climate: CO2-hungry microbes might short-circuit the marine foodweb

marine, Marine, Climate, climate
As the climate changes and oceans' acidity increases tiny plankton seem set to succeed An international team of marine scientists has found that the smallest plankton groups thrive under elevated carbon dioxide CO2 levels This ... - Read More

Model organism gone wild

organism, organism
Model organisms brought into labs because they are easy to work with adapt to the lab often shedding characteristics that allowed them to survive in the wild Scientists who work with model organisms rarely look ... - Read More

New Findings From UNC School of Medicine Challenge Assumptions About Origins of Life

enzymes that actually assemble the RNA molecule Finding an Urzyme that serves that purpose would help answer that question The study’s co authors include Li Li of UNC and Christopher Francklyn of the University of ... - Read More

Motorized microscopic matchsticks move in water with sense of direction

Water, Water, Water
Chemists physicists and computer scientists at the University of Warwick have come together to devise a new powerful and very versatile way of controlling the speed and direction of motion of microscopic structures in water ... - Read More

Panda Poop Microbes Could Make Biofuels of the Future -- an Update

that’s why we focused on the microbes in the giant panda ” Working with scientists at the University of Wisconsin Madison Brown’s team identified bacteria that break down lignocellulose into simple sugars which can be ... - Read More

Programmable glue made of DNA directs tiny gel bricks to self-assemble

Gel
A team of researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University has found a way to self assemble complex structures out of bricks smaller than a grain of salt The self ... - Read More

Genome of elastomeric materials creates novel materials

Materials, materials
A wide range of biologically inspired materials may now be possible by combining protein studies materials science and RNA sequencing according to an international team of researchers Biological methods of synthesizing materials are not new ... - Read More

Climate change will upset vital ocean chemical cycles

Ocean, Climate change, Climate change, Climate, Ocean, climate
New research from the University of East Anglia shows that rising ocean temperatures will upset natural cycles of carbon dioxide nitrogen and phosphorus Plankton plays an important role in the ocean's carbon cycle by removing ... - Read More

Hydraulic fracturing in Michigan investigated

Gas
University of Michigan researchers today released seven technical reports that together form the most comprehensive Michigan focused resource on hydraulic fracturing the controversial natural gas and oil extraction process commonly known as fracking The studies ... - Read More

Deep-ocean carbon sinks: Basic research on dark ocean microorganisms

Ocean, Ocean
Although microbes that live in the so called dark ocean below a depth of some 600 feet where light doesn't penetrate may not absorb enough carbon to curtail global warming they do absorb considerable amounts ... - Read More

Blue-green algae a five-tool player in converting waste to fuel

In the baseball world a superstar can do five things exceptionally well hit hit for power run throw and field said Fuzhong Zhang In the parallel universe of the microbiological world there is a current ... - Read More

DNA 'cages' may aid drug delivery

Drug delivery
Nanoscale cages made from strands of DNA can encapsulate small molecule drugs and release them in response to a specific stimulus McGill University researchers report in a new study The research published online Sept 1 ... - Read More

Carbon-sequestering ocean plants may cope with climate changes over the long run

Ocean, Plants, Carbon, plants, Climate, Ocean, climate, carbon
A year long experiment on tiny ocean organisms called coccolithophores suggests that the single celled algae may still be able to grow their calcified shells even as oceans grow warmer and more acidic in Earth's ... - Read More

Biomaterial, pharmacy researchers develop polymer to help oral medications reach bloodstream

All too often when a person takes a pill full of a potent and effective drug the drug passes straight through the body not reaching the organ where it is needed a waste of money ... - Read More

How quickly can a bacterium grow? E. coli can replicate close to thermodynamic limits of efficiency

Replication, Heat
All living things must obey the laws of physics including the second law of thermodynamics which states that the universe's disorder or entropy can only grow Highly ordered cells and organisms appear to contradict this ... - Read More

RNA double helix structure identified using synchrotron light

Light, Structure, Structure, Light
When Francis Crick and James Watson discovered the double helical structure of deoxyribonucleic acid DNA in 1953 their findings began a genetic revolution to map study and sequence the building blocks of living organisms DNA ... - Read More
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