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News articles about "organisms"

Deep-ocean carbon sinks: Basic research on dark ocean microorganisms

Ocean, Ocean
Although microbes that live in the so called dark ocean below a depth of some 600 feet where light doesn't penetrate may not absorb enough carbon to curtail global warming they do absorb considerable amounts ... - Read More

Blue-green algae a five-tool player in converting waste to fuel

In the baseball world a superstar can do five things exceptionally well hit hit for power run throw and field said Fuzhong Zhang In the parallel universe of the microbiological world there is a current ... - Read More

DNA 'cages' may aid drug delivery

Drug delivery
Nanoscale cages made from strands of DNA can encapsulate small molecule drugs and release them in response to a specific stimulus McGill University researchers report in a new study The research published online Sept 1 ... - Read More

Carbon-sequestering ocean plants may cope with climate changes over the long run

Ocean, Plants, Carbon, plants, Climate, Ocean, climate, carbon
A year long experiment on tiny ocean organisms called coccolithophores suggests that the single celled algae may still be able to grow their calcified shells even as oceans grow warmer and more acidic in Earth's ... - Read More

Biomaterial, pharmacy researchers develop polymer to help oral medications reach bloodstream

All too often when a person takes a pill full of a potent and effective drug the drug passes straight through the body not reaching the organ where it is needed a waste of money ... - Read More

How quickly can a bacterium grow? E. coli can replicate close to thermodynamic limits of efficiency

Replication, Heat
All living things must obey the laws of physics including the second law of thermodynamics which states that the universe's disorder or entropy can only grow Highly ordered cells and organisms appear to contradict this ... - Read More

RNA double helix structure identified using synchrotron light

Light, Structure, Structure, Light
When Francis Crick and James Watson discovered the double helical structure of deoxyribonucleic acid DNA in 1953 their findings began a genetic revolution to map study and sequence the building blocks of living organisms DNA ... - Read More

Nanosensors could aid drug manufacturing

Nanosensors
MIT chemical engineers have discovered that arrays of billions of nanoscale sensors have unique properties that could help pharmaceutical companies produce drugs especially those based on antibodies more safely and efficiently Using these sensors the ... - Read More

Morphing manganese: New discovery alters understanding of chemistry that moves elements through natural world

Elements
An often overlooked form of manganese an element critical to many life processes is far more prevalent in ocean environments than previously known according to a study led by University of Delaware researchers that was ... - Read More

Computer simulations indicate calcium carbonate has a dense liquid phase

Phase, Calcium
Computer simulations conducted at the U S Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab could help scientists make sense of a recently observed and puzzling wrinkle in one of nature's most important chemical ... - Read More

Peering into the heart of aquatic embryo development

Aquatic
Scientists using a pioneering bio imaging system to record simultaneously the development of hundreds of aquatic embryos have discovered significant parent offspring similarities in the timing and sequence of that development Researchers at Plymouth University ... - Read More

Soil biodiversity will be crucial to future land management and response to climate change

Research by scientists at The University of Manchester and Lancaster shows maintaining healthy soil biodiversity can play an important role in optimising land management programmes to reap benefits from the living soil The findings published ... - Read More

Atomic insights into plant growth: How plant steroid hormone makes plants grow

Plant, plant
If one wants to better understand how plants grow one must analyse the chemistry of life in its molecular detail Michael Hothorn from the Friedrich Miescher Laboratory of the Max Planck Society in Tübingen and ... - Read More

New materials for bio-based hydrogen synthesis: Synthetic biology enables spontaneous protein activation

New materials, Spontaneous, Synthesis
Researchers at the Ruhr Universität Bochum RUB have discovered an efficient process for hydrogen biocatalysis They developed semi synthetic hydrogenases hydrogen generating enzymes by adding the protein's biological precursor to a chemically synthesized inactive iron ... - Read More

Bio-inspired design may lead to more energy efficient windows

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
University of Toronto Engineering professor Ben Hatton MSE is turning to nature to find a way to make windows more energy efficient In a recent article in Solar Energy Materials & amp Solar Cells Hatton ... - Read More

Genome-wide profiling of microRNAs demonstrates how increasing CO2 and temperatures affect plant development

Plant, plant
A study on the mechanisms of how plants respond and adapt to elevated levels of carbon dioxide CO2 and higher temperatures has opened a new perspective in climate research Lead researcher Qiong A Liu Alison ... - Read More

More accurate model of climate change's effect on soil

Scientists from UC Irvine and the National Center for Atmospheric Research have developed a new computer model to measure global warming's effect on soil worldwide that accounts for how bacteria and fungi in soil control ... - Read More

Scientists discover mineral-making secrets potentially useful for new materials

Proteins have gotten most of the attention in studies of how organic materials control the initial step of making the first tiny crystals that organisms use to build structures that help them move and protect ... - Read More

Surprising result discovered when looking into effects of carbon nanotubes and soil sorption of toxicants

When it comes to carbon nanotubes CNTs in the soil recent research at Texas Tech University shows that the new materials do not affect the sorption of the toxic part of oil called polycyclic aromatic ... - Read More

Water molecules control inactivation and recovery of potassium channels

potassium, molecules
Just 12 molecules of water cause the long post activation recovery period required by potassium ion channels before they can function again Using molecular simulations that modeled a potassium channel and its immediate cellular environment ... - Read More
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