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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "organisms"

New Drugs for Bad Bugs

got out as well A Trojan HorseGiven the flaming wrecks littering the landscape of antibiotic discovery it took a certain amount of courage to try again And yet people did Wencewicz was particularly inspired by ... - Read More

Organic chemical origins in hydrothermal systems

Organic, organic, Organic
Serpentinite hosted hydrothermal systems have been suggested as likely sites for the formation of organic compounds in the abiotic conditions of early Earth that is in the absence of living organisms Such compounds were likely ... - Read More

Loss of biodiversity limits toxin degradation

You might not think of microbes when you consider biodiversity but it turns out that even a moderate loss of less than 5% of soil microbes may compromise some key ecosystem functions and could lead ... - Read More

Refined model for reliable prediction of invasion dynamics

Dynamics
The question how rapidly animals plants or microorganisms can colonize new territories is not only of interest to ecologists the spread of invasive species can also have economic consequences e g in the agricultural sector ... - Read More

Rethinking massive iceberg shifts in North Atlantic

Some Heinrich events periodic massive iceberg surges into the North Atlantic that were previously thought to have weakened the global ocean conveyor belt circulation and sent Earth's climate into the deep freeze may actually have ... - Read More

Coral reefs in Palau surprisingly resistant to naturally acidified waters

Waters
Ocean researchers working on the coral reefs of Palau in 2011 and 2012 made two unexpected discoveries that could provide insight into corals' resistance and resilience to ocean acidification and aid in the creation of ... - Read More

Ahoy! First ocean vesicles spotted

Ocean, Ocean
Marine cyanobacteria tiny ocean plants that produce oxygen and make organic carbon using sunlight and CO2 are primary engines of Earth's biogeochemical and nutrient cycles They nourish other organisms through the provision of oxygen and ... - Read More

Engineers make world's fastest organic transistor, herald new generation of see-through electronics

Organic, organic, Organic
Teams from Stanford and the University of Nebraska Lincoln collaborate to make thin transparent semiconductors that could become the foundation for cheap high performance displays Two university research teams have worked together to produce the ... - Read More

New species of marine algae identified

marine, algae, Marine, algae
The species that historically was quoted as the most abundant of coral algae that forms rodoliths at the Gulf of California in Mexico is in reality a compound of five different species This finding was ... - Read More

A gluttonous plant reveals how its cellular power plant devours foreign DNA

Plant, plant
Amborella trichopoda a sprawling shrub that grows on just a single island in the remote South Pacific is the only plant in its family and genus It is also one of the oldest flowering plants ... - Read More

Assumption about mercury in the Arctic overturned

For years scientists have assumed that if mercury is high and increasing in fish in the North American and European Arctic the same is true of fish elsewhere in the Arctic But a team of ... - Read More

Oil- and metal-munching microbes dominate deep sandstone formations

Analysis
Halomonas are a hardy breed of bacteria They can withstand heat high salinity low oxygen utter darkness and pressures that would kill most other organisms These traits enable these microbes to eke out a living ... - Read More

Targeted synthesis of natural products with light

Synthesis, Synthesis , Natural products
Photoreactions are driven by light energy and are vital to the synthesis of many natural substances Since many of these substances are also useful as active medical agents chemists try to produce them synthetically But ... - Read More

Nitrogen deposition poses threat to diversity of Europe's forest vegetation

nitrogen, Nitrogen
Unless nitrogen emissions are curbed the diversity of plant communities in Europe's forests will decrease Atmospheric nitrogen deposition has already changed the number and richness of forest floor vegetation species in European forests over the ... - Read More

Cellulose nanocrystals possible 'green' wonder material

Cellulose, Green, nanocrystals
The same tiny cellulose crystals that give trees and plants their high strength light weight and resilience have now been shown to have the stiffness of steel The nanocrystals might be used to create a ... - Read More

Deep-sea corals record dramatic long-term shift in Pacific Ocean ecosystem

sea
Long lived deep sea corals preserve evidence of a major shift in the open Pacific Ocean ecosystem since around 1850 according to a study by researchers at the University of California Santa Cruz The findings ... - Read More

Researcher Studies Evolution on the Molecular Level

meaning that even in the bacteria the enzyme already has perfectly oriented the reactants in its active site as well as in the human enzyme This outcome was not expected as the human enzyme is ... - Read More

Risk assessment for pesticides in EU unsuitable for use in field

Risk assessment
The method used to approve pesticides in the EU needs to be revised This was confirmed by a recent study by the Institute for Environmental Sciences Landau According to the study the level of fungicides ... - Read More

Missing Molecule in Chemical Production Line Discovered

Released 12 10 2013 3 00 PM ESTSource Newsroom Salk Institute for Biological Studies more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations eLifeDec 11 2013 LA JOLLA CA It ... - Read More

Hard rock life: Collecting census data on microbial denizens of hardened rocks

organisms, Earth, organisms, earth
Scientists are digging deep into Earth's surface collecting census data on the microbial denizens of the hardened rocks What they're finding is that even miles deep and halfway across the globe many of these communities ... - Read More
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