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News articles about "organisms"

New atom-scale knowledge on the function of biological photosensors

The research groups of Janne Ihalainen University of Jyväskylä and Sebastian Westenhoff University of Gothenburg have clarified how the atom structure of bacterial red light photosensors changes when sensing light The research reveals structural changes ... - Read More

Next green revolution? Converting bacteria from free living to nitrogen-fixing

If you pull up a soybean or bean plant and shake off the dirt you might see odd swellings or bumps like rheumatic finger joints on its roots Inside the cool soil covered bumps are ... - Read More

Ocean acidity is dissolving shells of tiny snails off U.S. West Coast

A NOAA led research team has found the first evidence that acidity of continental shelf waters off the West Coast is dissolving the shells of tiny free swimming marine snails called pteropods which provide food ... - Read More

Ocean microbes display remarkable genetic diversity: One species, a few drops of seawater, hundreds of coexisting subpopulations

The smallest most abundant marine microbe Prochlorococcus is a photosynthetic bacteria species essential to the marine ecosystem An estimated billion billion billion of the single cell creatures live in the oceans forming the base of ... - Read More

Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling

It's broadly understood that the world's oceans play a crucial role in the global scale cycling and exchange of carbon between Earth's ecosystems and atmosphere Now scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San ... - Read More

Reconstructed ancient ocean reveals secrets about the origin of life

Researchers from the University of Cambridge have published details about how the first organisms on Earth could have become metabolically active The results which are reported in the journal Molecular Systems Biology permit scientists to ... - Read More

Mantis shrimp stronger than airplanes: Composite material inspired by shrimp stronger than standard used in airplane frames

Inspired by the fist like club of a mantis shrimp a team of researchers led by University of California Riverside in collaboration with University of Southern California and Purdue University have developed a design structure ... - Read More

Shifting evolution into reverse promises cheaper, greener way to make new drugs

This alternative approach to creating artificial organic molecules called bioretrosynthesis was first proposed four years ago by Brian Bachmann associate professor of chemistry at Vanderbilt University Now Bachmann and a team of collaborators report that ... - Read More

Shifting Evolution Into Reverse Promises Cheaper, Greener Way to Make New Drugs

Released 3 21 2014 4 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 3 23 2014 2 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Vanderbilt University more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Nature Chemical ... - Read More

Deep ocean current may slow due to climate change

Far beneath the surface of the ocean deep currents act as conveyer belts channeling heat carbon oxygen and nutrients around the globe A new study by the University of Pennsylvania's Irina Marinov and Raffaele Bernardello ... - Read More

Ocean's carbon budget balanced: Supply of food to midwater organisms balanced with demands for food

Ocean scientists have for the first time successfully balanced the supply of food to midwater organisms with their demands for this food The depth at which they consume this sinking material regulates our climate by ... - Read More

Algae may be a potential source of biofuels and biochemicals even in cool climate

Algae are organisms useful in many ways in the transition towards a bio economy Even in a cool climate as in Finland algae might be used to produce biochemicals and biofuels besides use in capture ... - Read More

Back to life after 1,500 years: Moss brought back to life after 1,500 years frozen in ice

Researchers from the British Antarctic Survey and Reading University have demonstrated that after over 1 500 years frozen in Antarctic ice moss can come back to life and continue to grow For the first time ... - Read More

In the lab, scientists coax E. coli to resist radiation damage

Capitalizing on the ability of an organism to evolve in response to punishment from a hostile environment scientists have coaxed the model bacterium Escherichia coli to dramatically resist ionizing radiation and in the process reveal ... - Read More

Origin of life: Simulating how Earth kick-started metabolism

Researchers have developed a new approach to simulating the energetic processes that may have led to the emergence of cell metabolism on Earth a crucial biological function for all living organisms The research which is ... - Read More

Better way to make unnatural amino acids devised

Chemists at The Scripps Research Institute TSRI have devised a greatly improved technique for making amino acids not found in nature These unnatural amino acids traditionally have been very difficult to synthesize but are sought ... - Read More

A shocking diet: Researchers describe microbe that 'eats' electricity

There have been plenty of fad diets that captured the public's imagination over the years but Harvard scientists have identified what may be the strangest of them all sunlight and electricity Led by Peter Girguis ... - Read More

The Birds and the Bees of Proteins

Released 3 5 2014 9 30 AM ESTSource Newsroom Wake Forest University more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Mar 6 2014 The birth of a protein is one ... - Read More

New Drugs for Bad Bugs

got out as well A Trojan HorseGiven the flaming wrecks littering the landscape of antibiotic discovery it took a certain amount of courage to try again And yet people did Wencewicz was particularly inspired by ... - Read More

Organic chemical origins in hydrothermal systems

Organic, organic, Organic
Serpentinite hosted hydrothermal systems have been suggested as likely sites for the formation of organic compounds in the abiotic conditions of early Earth that is in the absence of living organisms Such compounds were likely ... - Read More
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