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News articles about "organisms"

New species of marine algae identified

marine, algae, Marine, algae
The species that historically was quoted as the most abundant of coral algae that forms rodoliths at the Gulf of California in Mexico is in reality a compound of five different species This finding was ... - Read More

A gluttonous plant reveals how its cellular power plant devours foreign DNA

Plant, plant
Amborella trichopoda a sprawling shrub that grows on just a single island in the remote South Pacific is the only plant in its family and genus It is also one of the oldest flowering plants ... - Read More

Assumption about mercury in the Arctic overturned

For years scientists have assumed that if mercury is high and increasing in fish in the North American and European Arctic the same is true of fish elsewhere in the Arctic But a team of ... - Read More

Oil- and metal-munching microbes dominate deep sandstone formations

Analysis
Halomonas are a hardy breed of bacteria They can withstand heat high salinity low oxygen utter darkness and pressures that would kill most other organisms These traits enable these microbes to eke out a living ... - Read More

Targeted synthesis of natural products with light

Synthesis, Synthesis , Natural products
Photoreactions are driven by light energy and are vital to the synthesis of many natural substances Since many of these substances are also useful as active medical agents chemists try to produce them synthetically But ... - Read More

Nitrogen deposition poses threat to diversity of Europe's forest vegetation

nitrogen, Nitrogen
Unless nitrogen emissions are curbed the diversity of plant communities in Europe's forests will decrease Atmospheric nitrogen deposition has already changed the number and richness of forest floor vegetation species in European forests over the ... - Read More

Cellulose nanocrystals possible 'green' wonder material

Cellulose, Green, nanocrystals
The same tiny cellulose crystals that give trees and plants their high strength light weight and resilience have now been shown to have the stiffness of steel The nanocrystals might be used to create a ... - Read More

Deep-sea corals record dramatic long-term shift in Pacific Ocean ecosystem

sea
Long lived deep sea corals preserve evidence of a major shift in the open Pacific Ocean ecosystem since around 1850 according to a study by researchers at the University of California Santa Cruz The findings ... - Read More

Researcher Studies Evolution on the Molecular Level

meaning that even in the bacteria the enzyme already has perfectly oriented the reactants in its active site as well as in the human enzyme This outcome was not expected as the human enzyme is ... - Read More

Risk assessment for pesticides in EU unsuitable for use in field

Risk assessment
The method used to approve pesticides in the EU needs to be revised This was confirmed by a recent study by the Institute for Environmental Sciences Landau According to the study the level of fungicides ... - Read More

Missing Molecule in Chemical Production Line Discovered

Released 12 10 2013 3 00 PM ESTSource Newsroom Salk Institute for Biological Studies more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations eLifeDec 11 2013 LA JOLLA CA It ... - Read More

Hard rock life: Collecting census data on microbial denizens of hardened rocks

organisms, Earth, organisms, earth
Scientists are digging deep into Earth's surface collecting census data on the microbial denizens of the hardened rocks What they're finding is that even miles deep and halfway across the globe many of these communities ... - Read More

Coal yields plenty of graphene quantum dots

Coal, Quantum dots
The prospect of turning coal into fluorescent particles may sound too good to be true but the possibility exists thanks to scientists at Rice University The Rice lab of chemist James Tour found simple methods ... - Read More

Quantum effects help cells capture light, but the details are obscure

Sophisticated recent experiments with ultrashort laser pulses support the idea that intuition defying quantum interactions between molecules help plants algae and some bacteria efficiently gather light to fuel their growth But key details of nature's ... - Read More

While the Arctic Ocean is largely a carbon sink, parts are also a source of atmospheric carbon dioxide

carbon, Carbon
While the Arctic Ocean is largely a carbon sink researchers find parts are also a source of atmospheric carbon dioxide For the past three decades as the climate has warmed the massive plates of sea ... - Read More

Amoeboid swimming: Crawling in a fluid

Fluid
Researchers from CNRS Inserm and Université Joseph Fourier Grenoble have developed a particularly simple model that reproduces the swimming mechanism of amoebas They show that by changing shape these single cell organisms propel themselves forward ... - Read More

Living desert underground: In perpetual darkness of limestone cave, surprisingly diverse ecosystem of microbes

Ecosystem, Ecosystem
Hidden underneath the hilly grasslands studded with ocotillos and mesquite trees in southeastern Arizona lies a world shrouded in perpetual darkness Kartchner Caverns a limestone cave system renowned for its untouched cave formations sculpted over ... - Read More

Sorting Good Germs From Bad, in the Bacterial World

Released 12 3 2013 10 00 AM ESTSource Newsroom Arizona State University College of Liberal Arts and Sciences more news from this source Dec 4 2013 Arizona State University scientists have developed a microfluidic chip ... - Read More

Microplastics make marine worms sick

marine, Marine
Tiny bits of plastic trash could spell big trouble for marine life starting with the worms say a team of researchers from Plymouth University and the University of Exeter who report their evidence in a ... - Read More

Scientists stitch up photosynthetic megacomplex

Proteins, Proteins, proteins
When sunlight strikes a photosynthesizing organism energy flashes between proteins just beneath its surface until it is trapped as separated electric charges Improbable as it may seem these tiny hits of energy eventually power the ... - Read More
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