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News articles about "organisms"

Artificial membranes on silicon

Artificial membranes mimicking those found in living organisms have many potential applications ranging from detecting bacterial contaminants in food to toxic pollution in the environment to dangerous diseases in people Now a group of scientists ... - Read More

Life forms appeared at least 60 million years earlier than previously thought

Geologists from Trinity College Dublin have rewritten the evolutionary history books by finding that oxygen producing life forms were present on Earth some 3 billion years ago a full 60 million years earlier than previously ... - Read More

Magnetic nanocubes self-assemble into helical superstructures

Materials made from nanoparticles hold promise for myriad applications from improved solar energy production to perfect touch screens The challenge in creating these wonder materials is organizing the nanoparticles into orderly arrangements Nanoparticles of magnetite ... - Read More

Clues to trapping carbon dioxide in rock: Calcium carbonate takes multiple, simultaneous roads to different minerals

One of the most important molecules on earth calcium carbonate crystallizes into chalk shells and minerals the world over In a study led by the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers used a ... - Read More

Birth of a Mineral

or ACC which could be liquid or solid might also be a reservoir for sprouting minerals To find out the team created a miniature lab under a transmission electron microscope at the Molecular Foundry a ... - Read More

Not all phytoplankton in the ocean need to take their vitamins

Some species of marine phytoplankton such as the prolific bloomer Emiliania huxleyi can grow without consuming vitamin B1 thiamine researchers have discovered The finding contradicts the common view that E huxleyi and many other eukaryotic ... - Read More

Plug 'n' play protein crystals

Almost a hundred years ago in 1929 Linus Pauling presented the famous Pauling's Rules to describe the principles governing the structure of complex ionic crystals These rules essentially describe how the arrangement of atoms in ... - Read More

Fundamental Plant Chemicals Trace Back to Bacteria

Released 7 Aug 2014 10 45 AM EDTSource Newsroom University of Wisconsin Madison more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations The Plant CellAug 8 2014 A fundamental chemical ... - Read More

Scientists Find Protein-Building Enzymes Have Undergone Metamorphosis and Evolved Diverse New Functions

work toward their next discoveries The institute's graduate program which awards PhD degrees in biology and chemistry ranks among the top ten of its kind in the nation For more information see www scripps edu ... - Read More

First snapshots of water splitting in photosynthesis

An international team led by Arizona State University scientists has published today in Nature a groundbreaking study that shows the first snapshots of photosynthesis in action as it splits water into protons electrons and oxygen ... - Read More

Ultrasound tracks odor representation in brain

A new ultrasound imaging technique has provided the first ever in vivo visualization of activity in the piriform cortex of rats during odor perception This deep seated brain structure plays an important role in olfaction ... - Read More

Study Yields First Snapshots of Water Splitting in Photosynthesis

Released 9 Jul 2014 4 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Arizona State University College of Liberal Arts and Sciences more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations NatureJul 14 2014 ... - Read More

SAR11, oceans' most abundant organism, has ability to create methane

The oxygen rich surface waters of the world's major oceans are supersaturated with methane a powerful greenhouse gas that is roughly 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide yet little is known about the source ... - Read More

Lights out: Light pollution alters reproduction cycle in lemurs

Besides obscuring the stars light pollution can also disrupt the reproduction of light sensitive animals French scientists have shown that light pollution can override the natural reproductive cycle of some animals making them sexually active ... - Read More

Ironing out details of the carbon cycle: Dissolved iron in North Atlantic traced to Sahara desert

Iron is present in tiny concentrations in seawater On the order of a few billionths of a gram in a liter I did a calculation once on a ton of ocean water says Seth John ... - Read More

How knots can swap positions on a DNA strand

Physicists of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU and the Graduate School of Excellence Materials Science in Mainz MAINZ have been able with the aid of computer simulations to confirm and explain a mechanism by which ... - Read More

Lights out… light pollution alters reproduction cycle in lemurs

Besides obscuring the stars light pollution can also disrupt the reproduction of light sensitive animals French scientists have shown that light pollution can override the natural reproductive cycle of some animals making them sexually active ... - Read More

Bringing the Bling to Antibacterials

Released 7 1 2014 11 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom American Institute of Physics AIP more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Applied Physics LettersJul 2 2014 WASHINGTON D ... - Read More

Water samples teeming with information: Emerging techniques for environmental monitoring

Setting effective conservation policies requires near real time knowledge of environmental conditions Scientists with Stanford's Center for Ocean Solutions propose using genetic techniques as a low cost quick way to collect such data Environmental policy ... - Read More

Artificial enzyme mimics natural detoxification mechanism in liver cells

Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU have discovered that molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles oxidize sulfite to sulfate in liver cells in analogy to the enzyme sulfite oxidase The functionalized Molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles can cross the ... - Read More
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