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News articles about "organisms"

Microbes engineered for direct conversion of biomass to fuel

The promise of affordable transportation fuels from biomass a sustainable carbon neutral route to American energy independence has been left perpetually on hold by the economics of the conversion process New research from the University ... - Read More

Decomposing logs show local factors undervalued in climate change predictions

A new Yale led study challenges the long held assumption that climate is the primary driver of how quickly organic matter decomposes in different regions a key piece of information used in formulating climate models ... - Read More

Microalgae capable of assimilating ammonia resulting from the management of agrifood waste

The Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development Neiker Tecnalia the public body that reports to the Sub Ministry for Agriculture Fisheries and Food Policy of the Government of the Basque Autonomous Community has confirmed ... - Read More

New method for propulsion in fluids: Researchers discover a way for temperature gradients in fluids to move objects

Researchers at MIT have discovered a new way of harnessing temperature gradients in fluids to propel objects In the natural world the mechanism may influence the motion of icebergs floating on the sea and rocks ... - Read More

Burning issue of hydrocarbons, impacts on human health

Highlights of Prof Hayakawa's research who is currently developing methods to identify metabolites of PAHs and NPAHs in urine and blood Other work include developing the most sensitive method for measuring PAHs and NPAHs showing ... - Read More

Toxicologists outline key health and environmental concerns associated with hydraulic fracturing

Date May 9 2014 Source Society of Toxicology Summary Since the rise in the use of hydraulic fracturing of shale to produce natural gas and oil many have debated the merits and detractions of the ... - Read More

Study validates air sampling techniques to fight bioterrorism

Air and surface sampling techniques currently used by the US government are effective in fighting bioterrorism and potentially saving lives a Saint Louis University researcher finds Results published in Biosecurity and Bioterrorism by Alexander Garza ... - Read More

Using DNA to build tool that may literally shine light on cancer

Bioengineers at the University of Rome Tor Vergata and the University of Montreal have used DNA to develop a tool that detects and reacts to chemical changes caused by cancer cells and that may one ... - Read More

Evolution in species may reverse predator-prey population cycles

Populations of predators and their prey usually follow predictable cycles When the number of prey increases perhaps as their food supply becomes more abundant predator populations also grow When the predator population becomes too large ... - Read More

New atom-scale knowledge on the function of biological photosensors

The research groups of Janne Ihalainen University of Jyväskylä and Sebastian Westenhoff University of Gothenburg have clarified how the atom structure of bacterial red light photosensors changes when sensing light The research reveals structural changes ... - Read More

Next green revolution? Converting bacteria from free living to nitrogen-fixing

If you pull up a soybean or bean plant and shake off the dirt you might see odd swellings or bumps like rheumatic finger joints on its roots Inside the cool soil covered bumps are ... - Read More

Ocean acidity is dissolving shells of tiny snails off U.S. West Coast

A NOAA led research team has found the first evidence that acidity of continental shelf waters off the West Coast is dissolving the shells of tiny free swimming marine snails called pteropods which provide food ... - Read More

Ocean microbes display remarkable genetic diversity: One species, a few drops of seawater, hundreds of coexisting subpopulations

The smallest most abundant marine microbe Prochlorococcus is a photosynthetic bacteria species essential to the marine ecosystem An estimated billion billion billion of the single cell creatures live in the oceans forming the base of ... - Read More

Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling

It's broadly understood that the world's oceans play a crucial role in the global scale cycling and exchange of carbon between Earth's ecosystems and atmosphere Now scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San ... - Read More

Reconstructed ancient ocean reveals secrets about the origin of life

Researchers from the University of Cambridge have published details about how the first organisms on Earth could have become metabolically active The results which are reported in the journal Molecular Systems Biology permit scientists to ... - Read More

Mantis shrimp stronger than airplanes: Composite material inspired by shrimp stronger than standard used in airplane frames

Inspired by the fist like club of a mantis shrimp a team of researchers led by University of California Riverside in collaboration with University of Southern California and Purdue University have developed a design structure ... - Read More

Shifting evolution into reverse promises cheaper, greener way to make new drugs

This alternative approach to creating artificial organic molecules called bioretrosynthesis was first proposed four years ago by Brian Bachmann associate professor of chemistry at Vanderbilt University Now Bachmann and a team of collaborators report that ... - Read More

Shifting Evolution Into Reverse Promises Cheaper, Greener Way to Make New Drugs

Released 3 21 2014 4 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 3 23 2014 2 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Vanderbilt University more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Nature Chemical ... - Read More

Deep ocean current may slow due to climate change

Far beneath the surface of the ocean deep currents act as conveyer belts channeling heat carbon oxygen and nutrients around the globe A new study by the University of Pennsylvania's Irina Marinov and Raffaele Bernardello ... - Read More

Ocean's carbon budget balanced: Supply of food to midwater organisms balanced with demands for food

Ocean scientists have for the first time successfully balanced the supply of food to midwater organisms with their demands for this food The depth at which they consume this sinking material regulates our climate by ... - Read More
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