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News articles about "organisms"

Metal ions regulate terpenoid metabolism in insects

Ions, Metabolism
Max Planck scientists in Jena Germany have discovered an unusual regulation of enzymes that catalyze chain elongation in an important secondary metabolism the terpenoid pathway In the horseradish leaf beetle Phaedon cochleariae a single enzyme ... - Read More

Is nanosilver toxic?

According to Finnish Estonian joint research with data obtained on two crustacean species there is apparently no reason to consider silver nanoparticles more dangerous for aquatic ecosystems than silver ions The results were reported in ... - Read More

Fungal cleaning crew: Chemists determine the structure of an enzyme that breaks down dyes

Fungi serve as a kind of natural cleaning crew for the ecosystem They form enzymes that can degrade hazardous substances converting natural as well as human made toxins into harmless compounds For instance they can ... - Read More

March of the pathogens: Parasite metabolism can foretell disease ranges under climate change

Metabolism
Knowing the temperatures that viruses bacteria worms and all other parasites need to grow and survive could help determine the future range of infectious diseases under climate change according to new research Share This See ... - Read More

How predictable is evolution?

Bacteria, bacteria
Understanding how and why diversification occurs is important for understanding why there are so many species on Earth In a new study published on 19 February in the open access journal PLOS Biology researchers show ... - Read More

Molecular 'calcium sponge' created to tackle heart failure

Researchers at the University of Minnesota's Department of Integrative Biology and Physiology and the Lillehei Heart Institute have utilized molecular genetic engineering to optimize heart performance in models of diastolic heart failure by creating an ... - Read More

Volcano location: Greenhouse-icehouse key? Episodic purging of 'carbonate capacitor' drives long-term climate cycle

Climate, climate
A new Rice University led study finds the real estate mantra location location location may also explain one of Earth's enduring climate mysteries The study suggests that Earth's repeated flip flopping between greenhouse and icehouse ... - Read More

Pirate-like flies connect symbiosis to diversity

Fungi
After a year of studying up close the symbiotic relationship between a mosquito sized bug and a fungus a Simon Fraser University biologist has advanced the scientific understanding of biological diversity Share This See Also ... - Read More

Climate change clues from tiny marine algae -- ancient and modern

Climate
Microscopic ocean algae called coccolithophores are providing clues about the impact of climate change both now and many millions of years ago The study found that their response to environmental change varies between species in ... - Read More

Could the humble sea urchin hold the key to carbon capture?

Carbon
The discovery that sea urchins use nickel particles to harness carbon dioxide from the sea could be the key to capturing tons of carbon dioxide CO2 from the atmosphere Share This See Also Nature Biology ... - Read More

Healthy seeds -- treated environmentally friendly

Unit
Farmers treat seeds chemically in order to rid them of pest infestation Now researchers have developed a method that kills pathogens without harming the environment Pioneering seed suppliers are already implementing the procedure commercially Share ... - Read More

New transmembrane protein support structure created

A new platform to support and extend the viability of proteins for scientific study has been developed through work done as part of the doctoral studies of a recent University of Alabama in Huntsville doctoral ... - Read More

Scientists turn toxic by-product into biofuel booster

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme
Scientists studying an enzyme that naturally produces alkanes long carbon chain molecules that could be a direct replacement for the hydrocarbons in gasoline have figured out why the natural reaction typically stops after three to ... - Read More

Protein origami: Quick folders are the best

Protein, Protein
The evolutionary history of proteins shows that protein folding is an important factor Especially the speed of protein folding plays a key role This was the result of a computer analysis carried out by researchers ... - Read More

Engineers solve a biological mystery and boost artificial intelligence

Engineering
By simulating 25 000 generations of evolution within computers Cornell University engineering and robotics researchers have discovered why biological networks tend to be organized as modules a finding that will lead to a deeper understanding ... - Read More

Tomorrow's life-saving medications may currently be living at the bottom of the sea

OHSU researchers in partnership with scientists from several other institutions have published two new research papers that signal how the next class of powerful medications may currently reside at the bottom of the ocean In ... - Read More

Scientists trick iron-eating bacteria into breathing electrons instead

Scientists have developed a way to grow iron oxidizing bacteria using electricity instead of iron an advance that will allow them to better study the organisms and could one day be used to turn electricity ... - Read More

Shedding light on role of Amazon forests in global carbon cycle

Light, Carbon
Earth's forests perform a well known service to the planet absorbing a great deal of the carbon dioxide pollution emitted into the atmosphere from human activities But when trees are killed by natural disturbances such ... - Read More

Bugs in the Atmosphere: Significant microorganism populations found in middle and upper troposphere

Microorganism
In what is believed to be the first study of its kind researchers used genomic techniques to document the presence of significant numbers of living microorganisms principally bacteria in the middle and upper troposphere that ... - Read More

Bioinspired fibers change color when stretched

Engineering
A team of materials scientists at Harvard University and the University of Exeter UK have invented a new fiber that changes color when stretched Inspired by nature the researchers identified and replicated the unique structural ... - Read More
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