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News articles about "organisms"

Rainforests take the heat, paleontologists show

Heat
South American rainforests thrived during three extreme global warming events in the past say paleontologists at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in a new report published in the Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science ... - Read More

Disappearance of stromatolites, earliest visible manifestation of life: Ancient enigma solved?

Structure, Structure
The widespread disappearance of stromatolites the earliest visible manifestation of life on Earth may have been driven by single celled organisms called foraminifera The findings by scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Massachusetts Institute ... - Read More

Self-assembled nanostructures for hostile environments

Nanostructures
Nanostructures that assemble themselves from polymer molecules could prove to be useful tools in chemistry and industry However it is difficult to develop structurally robust self assembling materials because they are often adversely affected by ... - Read More

Scientists find possible solution to an ancient enigma

Solution
The widespread disappearance of stromatolites the earliest visible manifestation of life on Earth may have been driven by single celled organisms called foraminifera The findings by scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Massachusetts Institute ... - Read More

Fast-sinking jellyfish could boost the oceans' uptake of carbon dioxide

Fast, Oceans
The oceans absorb about 25 percent of the carbon dioxide CO2 emitted by human activities Since the industrial revolution they have taken up about half of the human made CO2. Billions of planktonic organisms too ... - Read More

Vast methane-based ecosystem uncovered

Methane, Methane, Ecosystem, Ecosystem
A marine research expedition sponsored by the U S Bureau of Ocean Energy Management BOEM and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA has led to the discovery of perhaps the world's largest methane cold ... - Read More

Volcanoes cause climate gas concentrations to vary

Gas
Trace gases and aerosols are major factors influencing the climate With the help of highly complex installations such as MIPAS on board of the ENVISAT satellite researchers try to better understand the processes in the ... - Read More

Unique method creates correct mirror image of molecule

Molecule, molecule
Many molecules have a right and a left form just like shoes In pharmaceuticals it is important that the correct form of the molecule is used Researchers at the University of Gothenburg Sweden have been ... - Read More

Origins of life: In early Earth, iron helped RNA catalyze electron transfer

Earth, earth
A new study shows how complex biochemical transformations may have been possible under conditions that existed when life began on the early Earth The study shows that RNA is capable of catalyzing electron transfer under ... - Read More

In Early Earth, Iron Helped RNA Catalyze Electron Transfer

Released 5 14 2013 9 50 PM EDTEmbargo expired 5 19 2013 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Georgia Institute of Technology Research Communications more news from this source May 19 2013 A new study shows ... - Read More

X-ray tomography of living frog embryo

X-ray
Classical X ray radiographs provide information about internal absorptive structures of organisms such as bones Alternatively X rays can also image soft tissues throughout early embryonic development of vertebrates Related to this a new X ... - Read More

Beautiful 'flowers' self-assemble in a beaker

Beaker
Spring is like a perhaps hand wrote the poet E E Cummings carefully moving a perhaps fraction of flower here placing an inch of air there without breaking anything With the hand of nature trained ... - Read More

Natural 'keystone molecules' punch over their weight in ecosystems

Naturally occurring keystone molecules that have powerful behavioral effects on diverse organisms often play large but unrecognized roles in structuring ecosystems according to a theory proposed in the June issue of BioScience The authors of ... - Read More

Research On Cilia Heats Up: Implications For Hearing, Vision Loss And Kidney Disease

into molecular signals for the cell so that it can respond appropriately to its environment The signaling molecules inside cilia are tailored to the required responses For example some are proteins that bind to DNA ... - Read More

The Black Sea is a goldmine of ancient genetic data

sea
When Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI marine paleoecologist Marco Coolen was mining through vast amounts of genetic data from the Black Sea sediment record he was amazed about the variety of past plankton species that ... - Read More

'Dark oxidants' form away from sunlight in lake and ocean depths, underground soils

Ocean, Sunlight, Sunlight, Ocean
Breathing oxygen can be hazardous to your health Share This See Also Extreme Survival Bacteria Fish Geochemistry Earth Science Caving Microorganism Antioxidant Saliva Oxygen Indeed our bodies aren't perfect They make mistakes among them producing ... - Read More

Bizarre bone worms emit acid to feast on whale skeletons: Bone-melting substance drills opening for worms to access nutrients

Substance, Acid
Only within the past 12 years have marine biologists come to learn about the eye opening characteristics of mystifying sea worms that live and thrive on the bones of whale carcasses Share This See Also ... - Read More

Amphibians living close to farm fields are more resistant to common insecticides

Insecticides
Amphibian populations living close to agricultural fields have become more resistant to a common insecticide and are actually resistant to multiple common insecticides according to two recent studies conducted at the University of Pittsburgh Amphibian ... - Read More

Ecological knowledge offers perspectives for sustainable agriculture

A smart combination of different crops such as beans and maize can significantly cut the use of crop protection agents and at the same time reduce the need for fertilizers Integrating ecological knowledge from nature ... - Read More

First snapshot of organisms eating each other: Feast clue to smell of ancient Earth

Smell
Tiny 1 900 million year old fossils from rocks around Lake Superior Canada give the first ever snapshot of organisms eating each other and suggest what the ancient Earth would have smelled like Share This ... - Read More
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