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News articles about "organisms"

Climate-warmed leaves change lake ecosystems

Rising soil temperatures significantly affect autumn leaves and consequently the food web appearance and biochemical makeup of the lakes and ponds those leaves fall into a Dartmouth College led study finds The study is one ... - Read More

Bacteria in marine sponges harvest phosphorus for reef community

Did you ever wonder why the water is so clear around coral reefs Scientists have known for years that sponges can filter water and gather nutrients from the ocean making it appear crystal clear For ... - Read More

Looking back into the past of oceans: Acidification trends, seasonal fluctuations

Next to global warming ocean acidification is currently considered as the second major carbon dioxide problem With the increase of carbon dioxide CO2 in the atmosphere larger quantities of the gas are getting into the ... - Read More

Storks could become poisoned by pesticides during their migration to Africa

Not all storks migrate to Africa Many stay for the winter in the Iberian Peninsula where landfills have become a permanent source of food Scientists from Extremadura have analysed the presence of pollutants and pesticides ... - Read More

Scientists bring oxygen back to dead fjord

More and more of the world's waters are seriously lacking oxygen Could we use pumps to bring oxygen and thus higher life back into these waters A Danish Swedish research team says yes They installed ... - Read More

Climate change influences distribution of organic pollutants in the Baltic Sea

Regional climate change models predict an increased freshwater runoff into the Baltic Sea This will result in increased inflow of terrestrial dissolved organic carbon According to Matyas Ripszam Umeå University this change will have high ... - Read More

System to turn wastewater into fresh water developed

A Missouri University of Science and Technology professor has shown that improving wastewater treatment and saving energy are not only essential but they're also compatible Dr Jianmin Wang professor of civil architectural and environmental engineering ... - Read More

Switchgrass removes PCBs from soils, engineers find

University of Iowa researchers have found a type of grass that was once a staple of the American prairie can remove soil laden with PCBs toxic chemicals once used for cooling and other industrial purposes ... - Read More

Impact of Deepwater Horizon Oil on beach microbial communities

When oil from the Deepwater Horizon spill first began washing ashore on Pensacola Municipal Beach in June 2010 populations of sensitive microorganisms including those that capture sunlight or fix nitrogen from the air began to ... - Read More

Ancient rocks show life could have flourished on Earth 3.2 billion years ago

A spark from a lightning bolt interstellar dust or a subsea volcano could have triggered the very first life on Earth But what happened next Life can exist without oxygen but without plentiful nitrogen to ... - Read More

Geoengineering report: Scientists urge more research on climate intervention

Deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions while necessary may not happen soon enough to stave off climate catastrophe So in addition the world may need to resort to so called geoengineering approaches that aim to ... - Read More

Carbon release from ocean helped end the Ice Age

A release of carbon dioxide CO2 from the deep ocean helped bring an end to the last Ice Age according to new collaborative research by the University of Southampton Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona UAB the ... - Read More

Nanotubes self-organize and wiggle: Evolution of a nonequilibrium system demonstrates MEPP

The second law of thermodynamics tells us that all systems evolve toward a state of maximum entropy wherein all energy is dissipated as heat and no available energy remains to do work Since the mid ... - Read More

Better batteries inspired by lowly snail shells

Scientists are using biology to improve the properties of lithium ion batteries Researchers at the University of Maryland Baltimore County UMBC have isolated a peptide a type of biological molecule which binds strongly to lithium ... - Read More

Smothered oceans: Extreme oxygen loss in oceans accompanied past global climate change

Seafloor sediment cores reveal abrupt extensive loss of oxygen in the ocean when ice sheets melted roughly 10 000 17 000 years ago according to a study from the University of California Davis The findings ... - Read More

Faster annotation system for prokaryotic genomes unveiled

Georgia Tech researchers working with colleagues in the National Center for Biotechnology Information NCBI have released a new version of a genome annotation system capable of analyzing more than 2 000 prokaryotic genomes per day ... - Read More

Using less fish to test chemicals safety

The JRC has released a new strategy on how to replace reduce and refine the use of fish in testing of chemicals' effect on flora and fauna in water aquatic toxicity and chemicals' uptake and ... - Read More

Scientists search for new ways to deal with U. S. uranium ore processing legacy

Researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory are trying to find out why uranium persists in groundwater at former uranium ore processing sites despite remediation of contaminated surface materials two decades ago ... - Read More

Fossils survive volcanic eruption to tell us about the origin of the Canary Islands

The most recent eruption on the Canary Islands at El Hierro in 2011 produced spectacularly enigmatic white floating rocks that originated from the layers of oceanic sedimentary rock underneath the island An international team of ... - Read More

New high-speed 3-D microscope -- SCAPE -- gives deeper view of living things

Opening new doors for biomedical and neuroscience research Elizabeth Hillman associate professor of biomedical engineering at Columbia Engineering and of radiology at Columbia University Medical Center CUMC has developed a new microscope that can image ... - Read More
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