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News articles about "organisms"

ORNL Team First to Fully Sequence Bacterial Genome Important to Fuel and Chemical Production

Katie Elyce Jones ### Image caption Sagar Utturkar coauthor of high rating biotechnology paper in the team’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory lab Permalink to this article Comment Share ... - Read More

Unlocking Enzyme Synthesis of Rare Sugars to Create Drugs with Fewer Side Effects

Released 29 Sep 2014 11 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom Oak Ridge National Laboratory more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Sep 30 2014 A team led by the U ... - Read More

Researchers Study Vital 'On/Off Switches' That Control When Bacteria Turn Deadly

No matter how many times it’s demonstrated it’s still hard to envision bacteria as social communicating creatures But by using a signaling system called “quorum sensing ” these single celled organisms radically alter their behavior ... - Read More

X-rays unlock a protein's SWEET side

Sugar is a vital source of energy for both plants and animals alike Understanding just how sugar makes its way into the cell could lead to the design of better drugs for diabetes patients and ... - Read More

Sharks in acidic waters avoid smell of food

The increasing acidification of ocean waters caused by rising atmospheric carbon dioxide levels could rob sharks of their ability to sense the smell of food a new study suggests Elevated carbon dioxide levels impaired the ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide concentration surges: Record greenhouse gas levels impact atmosphere and oceans, WMO report finds

The amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere reached a new record high in 2013 propelled by a surge in levels of carbon dioxide This is according to the World Meteorological Organization's annual Greenhouse Gas ... - Read More

'Pick 'n' Mix' chemistry to grow cultures of bioactive molecules

Chemists at ETH Zürich and ITbM Nagoya University have developed a new method to build large libraries of bioactive molecules which can be used directly for biological assays by simply mixing a small number of ... - Read More

Nuclear waste eaters: Scientists discover hazardous waste-eating bacteria

Tiny single cell organisms discovered living underground could help with the problem of nuclear waste disposal say researchers involved in a study at The University of Manchester Although bacteria with waste eating properties have been ... - Read More

Artificial membranes on silicon

Artificial membranes mimicking those found in living organisms have many potential applications ranging from detecting bacterial contaminants in food to toxic pollution in the environment to dangerous diseases in people Now a group of scientists ... - Read More

Life forms appeared at least 60 million years earlier than previously thought

Geologists from Trinity College Dublin have rewritten the evolutionary history books by finding that oxygen producing life forms were present on Earth some 3 billion years ago a full 60 million years earlier than previously ... - Read More

Magnetic nanocubes self-assemble into helical superstructures

Materials made from nanoparticles hold promise for myriad applications from improved solar energy production to perfect touch screens The challenge in creating these wonder materials is organizing the nanoparticles into orderly arrangements Nanoparticles of magnetite ... - Read More

Clues to trapping carbon dioxide in rock: Calcium carbonate takes multiple, simultaneous roads to different minerals

One of the most important molecules on earth calcium carbonate crystallizes into chalk shells and minerals the world over In a study led by the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers used a ... - Read More

Birth of a Mineral

or ACC which could be liquid or solid might also be a reservoir for sprouting minerals To find out the team created a miniature lab under a transmission electron microscope at the Molecular Foundry a ... - Read More

Not all phytoplankton in the ocean need to take their vitamins

Some species of marine phytoplankton such as the prolific bloomer Emiliania huxleyi can grow without consuming vitamin B1 thiamine researchers have discovered The finding contradicts the common view that E huxleyi and many other eukaryotic ... - Read More

Plug 'n' play protein crystals

Almost a hundred years ago in 1929 Linus Pauling presented the famous Pauling's Rules to describe the principles governing the structure of complex ionic crystals These rules essentially describe how the arrangement of atoms in ... - Read More

Fundamental Plant Chemicals Trace Back to Bacteria

Released 7 Aug 2014 10 45 AM EDTSource Newsroom University of Wisconsin Madison more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations The Plant CellAug 8 2014 A fundamental chemical ... - Read More

Scientists Find Protein-Building Enzymes Have Undergone Metamorphosis and Evolved Diverse New Functions

work toward their next discoveries The institute's graduate program which awards PhD degrees in biology and chemistry ranks among the top ten of its kind in the nation For more information see www scripps edu ... - Read More

First snapshots of water splitting in photosynthesis

An international team led by Arizona State University scientists has published today in Nature a groundbreaking study that shows the first snapshots of photosynthesis in action as it splits water into protons electrons and oxygen ... - Read More

Ultrasound tracks odor representation in brain

A new ultrasound imaging technique has provided the first ever in vivo visualization of activity in the piriform cortex of rats during odor perception This deep seated brain structure plays an important role in olfaction ... - Read More

Study Yields First Snapshots of Water Splitting in Photosynthesis

Released 9 Jul 2014 4 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Arizona State University College of Liberal Arts and Sciences more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations NatureJul 14 2014 ... - Read More
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