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News articles about "organism"

Researcher Studies Evolution on the Molecular Level

meaning that even in the bacteria the enzyme already has perfectly oriented the reactants in its active site as well as in the human enzyme This outcome was not expected as the human enzyme is ... - Read More

Missing Molecule in Chemical Production Line Discovered

Released 12 10 2013 3 00 PM ESTSource Newsroom Salk Institute for Biological Studies more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations eLifeDec 11 2013 LA JOLLA CA It ... - Read More

Living desert underground: In perpetual darkness of limestone cave, surprisingly diverse ecosystem of microbes

Ecosystem, Ecosystem
Hidden underneath the hilly grasslands studded with ocotillos and mesquite trees in southeastern Arizona lies a world shrouded in perpetual darkness Kartchner Caverns a limestone cave system renowned for its untouched cave formations sculpted over ... - Read More

'Nanosponge vaccine' fights MRSA toxins

Toxins, Toxins
Nanosponges that soak up a dangerous pore forming toxin produced by MRSA methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus could serve as a safe and effective vaccine against this toxin This nanosponge vaccine enabled the immune systems of ... - Read More

Scientists stitch up photosynthetic megacomplex

Proteins, Proteins, proteins
When sunlight strikes a photosynthesizing organism energy flashes between proteins just beneath its surface until it is trapped as separated electric charges Improbable as it may seem these tiny hits of energy eventually power the ... - Read More

Rain as acidic as lemon juice may have contributed to ancient mass extinction

Lemon juice
Rain as acidic as undiluted lemon juice may have played a part in killing off plants and organisms around the world during the most severe mass extinction in Earth's history About 252 million years ago ... - Read More

Researchers use nanoscale 'patches' to sensitize targeted cell receptors

Researchers from North Carolina State University and Duke University have developed nanoscale patches that can be used to sensitize targeted cell receptors making them more responsive to signals that control cell activity The finding holds ... - Read More

Inner workings of bacterial black box caught on time-lapse video

Time
Cyanobacteria found in just about every ecosystem on Earth are one of the few bacteria that can create their own energy through photosynthesis and fix carbon from carbon dioxide molecules and convert it into fuel ... - Read More

Microbes swim to hydrogen gas

Gas
Scientists have long believed that microorganisms that produce methane swim toward the hydrogen gas they need to stay alive but it has been too hard to prove in the lab Montana State University researchers have ... - Read More

Changing the conversation: Polymers disrupt bacterial communication

Artificial materials based on simple synthetic polymers can disrupt the way in which bacteria communicate with each other a study led by scientists at The University of Nottingham has shown The findings published in the ... - Read More

Is global heating hiding out in the oceans? Parts of Pacific warming 15 times faster than in past 10,000 years

Oceans
A recent slowdown in global warming has led some skeptics to renew their claims that industrial carbon emissions are not causing a century long rise in Earth's surface temperatures But rather than letting humans off ... - Read More

Biochar quiets microbes, including some plant pathogens

Plant, plant
In the first study of its kind Rice University scientists have used synthetic biology to study how a popular soil amendment called biochar can interfere with the chemical signals that some microbes use to communicate ... - Read More

'X-shape' not true picture of chromosome structure, new imaging technique reveals

Structure, Structure
A new method for visualising chromosomes is painting a truer picture of their shape which is rarely like the X shaped blob of DNA most of us are familiar with Scientists at the BBSRC funded ... - Read More

Scientists Discover Possible Way To Turn Fungus From Foe To Friend

except one It turned out that acidification of the vacuole exclusively depended on one version of the gene This allowed them to test the importance of the vacuole’s acidity on virulence separate from the many ... - Read More

Model organism gone wild

organism, organism
Model organisms brought into labs because they are easy to work with adapt to the lab often shedding characteristics that allowed them to survive in the wild Scientists who work with model organisms rarely look ... - Read More

Blue-green algae a five-tool player in converting waste to fuel

In the baseball world a superstar can do five things exceptionally well hit hit for power run throw and field said Fuzhong Zhang In the parallel universe of the microbiological world there is a current ... - Read More

New laser-based tool could dramatically improve the accuracy of brain tumor surgery

tumor
A new laser based technology may make brain tumor surgery much more accurate allowing surgeons to tell cancer tissue from normal brain at the microscopic level while they are operating and avoid leaving behind cells ... - Read More

Human Urine Metabolome: What scientists can see in your urine

Medical, Compounds
Researchers at the University of Alberta announced today that they have determined the chemical composition of human urine The study which took more than seven years and involved a team of nearly 20 researchers has ... - Read More

Pesticides contaminate frogs from Californian national parks

Pesticides, Pesticides, Pesticides
Pesticides commonly used in California's Central Valley one of the world's most productive agricultural regions have been found in remote frog species miles from farmland Writing in Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry researchers demonstrate the contamination ... - Read More

Using bacteria batteries to make electricity

Their idea is state of the art Ten Bielefeld students have set their sights on constructing a bio battery They want to make use of the bacteria Escherichia coli to convert glucose into energy With ... - Read More
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