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News articles about "organism"

New atom-scale knowledge on the function of biological photosensors

The research groups of Janne Ihalainen University of Jyväskylä and Sebastian Westenhoff University of Gothenburg have clarified how the atom structure of bacterial red light photosensors changes when sensing light The research reveals structural changes ... - Read More

Missing piece of biogeochemical puzzle in aquifers discovered

A study published today in Science by researchers from the U S Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory may dramatically shift our understanding of the complex dance of microbes and minerals that takes place in ... - Read More

Next green revolution? Converting bacteria from free living to nitrogen-fixing

If you pull up a soybean or bean plant and shake off the dirt you might see odd swellings or bumps like rheumatic finger joints on its roots Inside the cool soil covered bumps are ... - Read More

Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling

It's broadly understood that the world's oceans play a crucial role in the global scale cycling and exchange of carbon between Earth's ecosystems and atmosphere Now scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San ... - Read More

In the lab, scientists coax E. coli to resist radiation damage

Capitalizing on the ability of an organism to evolve in response to punishment from a hostile environment scientists have coaxed the model bacterium Escherichia coli to dramatically resist ionizing radiation and in the process reveal ... - Read More

New nanoparticle that only attacks cervical cancer cells

One of the most promising technologies for the treatment of various cancers is nanotechnology creating drugs that directly attack the cancer cells without damaging other tissues' development The Laboratory of Cellular Oncology at the Research ... - Read More

A shocking diet: Researchers describe microbe that 'eats' electricity

There have been plenty of fad diets that captured the public's imagination over the years but Harvard scientists have identified what may be the strangest of them all sunlight and electricity Led by Peter Girguis ... - Read More

Turing's theory of chemical morphogenesis validated 60 years after his death

Alan Turing's accomplishments in computer science are well known but lesser known is his impact on biology and chemistry In his only paper on biology Turing proposed a theory of morphogenesis or how identical copies ... - Read More

Poison-breathing bacteria may be boon to industry, environment

Buried deep in the mud along the banks of a remote salt lake near Yosemite National Park are colonies of bacteria with an unusual property they breathe a toxic metal to survive Researchers from the ... - Read More

Ahoy! First ocean vesicles spotted

Ocean, Ocean
Marine cyanobacteria tiny ocean plants that produce oxygen and make organic carbon using sunlight and CO2 are primary engines of Earth's biogeochemical and nutrient cycles They nourish other organisms through the provision of oxygen and ... - Read More

Found: New cellulose digestion mechanism by fast-eating enzyme

Researchers at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL have discovered that an enzyme from a microorganism first found in the Valley of Geysers on the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia in 1990 can digest ... - Read More

A Powerful Technique to Further Understanding of RNA

Released 1 9 2014 10 00 AM ESTSource Newsroom University of North Carolina School of Medicine more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Journal of the American Chemistry ... - Read More

New species of marine algae identified

marine, algae, Marine, algae
The species that historically was quoted as the most abundant of coral algae that forms rodoliths at the Gulf of California in Mexico is in reality a compound of five different species This finding was ... - Read More

Radioactivity muddles alphabet of DNA

Curtin University researchers have shown natural radioactivity within DNA can alter chemical compounds providing a new pathway for genetic mutation The research recently published in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta General Subjects for the first time ... - Read More

Deep-sea corals record dramatic long-term shift in Pacific Ocean ecosystem

sea
Long lived deep sea corals preserve evidence of a major shift in the open Pacific Ocean ecosystem since around 1850 according to a study by researchers at the University of California Santa Cruz The findings ... - Read More

Researcher Studies Evolution on the Molecular Level

meaning that even in the bacteria the enzyme already has perfectly oriented the reactants in its active site as well as in the human enzyme This outcome was not expected as the human enzyme is ... - Read More

Missing Molecule in Chemical Production Line Discovered

Released 12 10 2013 3 00 PM ESTSource Newsroom Salk Institute for Biological Studies more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations eLifeDec 11 2013 LA JOLLA CA It ... - Read More

Living desert underground: In perpetual darkness of limestone cave, surprisingly diverse ecosystem of microbes

Ecosystem, Ecosystem
Hidden underneath the hilly grasslands studded with ocotillos and mesquite trees in southeastern Arizona lies a world shrouded in perpetual darkness Kartchner Caverns a limestone cave system renowned for its untouched cave formations sculpted over ... - Read More

'Nanosponge vaccine' fights MRSA toxins

Toxins, Toxins
Nanosponges that soak up a dangerous pore forming toxin produced by MRSA methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus could serve as a safe and effective vaccine against this toxin This nanosponge vaccine enabled the immune systems of ... - Read More

Scientists stitch up photosynthetic megacomplex

Proteins, Proteins, proteins
When sunlight strikes a photosynthesizing organism energy flashes between proteins just beneath its surface until it is trapped as separated electric charges Improbable as it may seem these tiny hits of energy eventually power the ... - Read More
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