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News articles about "organism"

Key moment mapped in assembly of DNA-splitting molecular machine

The proteins that drive DNA replication the force behind cellular growth and reproduction are some of the most complex machines on Earth The multistep replication process involves hundreds of atomic scale moving parts that rapidly ... - Read More

Discovery of cellular snooze button advances cancer, biofuel research

The discovery of a cellular snooze button has allowed a team of Michigan State University scientists to potentially improve biofuel production and offer insight on the early stages of cancer The discovery that the protein ... - Read More

Like weeds of the sea, 'brown tide' algae exploit nutrient-rich coastlines

The sea grass beds of Long Island's Great South Bay once teemed with shellfish Clams scallops and oysters filtered nutrients from the water and flushed money through the local economy But three decades after the ... - Read More

Magnetic nanocubes self-assemble into helical superstructures

Materials made from nanoparticles hold promise for myriad applications from improved solar energy production to perfect touch screens The challenge in creating these wonder materials is organizing the nanoparticles into orderly arrangements Nanoparticles of magnetite ... - Read More

Biochemists Find New Treatment Options for Staph Infections, Inflammatory Diseases

that block NSPs could eventually affect how staph infections are treated in the clinic Understanding this interaction can not only help us design better therapies in the future but may help make current treatment regimens ... - Read More

Protein glue shows potential for use with biomaterials

A paper published in Science and Technology of Advanced Materials have shown that a synthetic protein called AGMA1 has the potential to promote the adhesion of brain cells in a laboratory setting It is also ... - Read More

Novel process for creation of fuel and chemical compounds

A team of researchers at the University of Wisconsin Madison has identified the genes and enzymes that create a promising compound the 19 carbon furan containing fatty acid 19Fu FA The compound has a variety ... - Read More

SAR11, oceans' most abundant organism, has ability to create methane

The oxygen rich surface waters of the world's major oceans are supersaturated with methane a powerful greenhouse gas that is roughly 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide yet little is known about the source ... - Read More

How does your garden grow? 3-D root imaging in real time

Growing plants in a microscope is helping scientists to view roots developing in 3D and in real time With the growth conditions under our control we can explore how roots respond to different environmental conditions ... - Read More

Infection prevention implanted directly into bones

Hospital germs can be fatal since they are resistant to antibiotics As a result alternative methods of defense against bacteria are in demand Fortunately a German French research team has been able to develop bone ... - Read More

Details of calcium 'safety-valve' in cells explained

Sometimes a cell has to die when it's done with its job or inflicted with injury that could otherwise harm an organism Conversely cells that refuse to die when expected can lead to cancer So ... - Read More

Microbes engineered for direct conversion of biomass to fuel

The promise of affordable transportation fuels from biomass a sustainable carbon neutral route to American energy independence has been left perpetually on hold by the economics of the conversion process New research from the University ... - Read More

Microalgae capable of assimilating ammonia resulting from the management of agrifood waste

The Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development Neiker Tecnalia the public body that reports to the Sub Ministry for Agriculture Fisheries and Food Policy of the Government of the Basque Autonomous Community has confirmed ... - Read More

Revealing the healing of 'dino-sores': Examining broken bones in 150-million-year-old predatory dinosaur

Scientists have used state of the art imaging techniques to examine the cracks fractures and breaks in the bones of a 150 million year old predatory dinosaur The University of Manchester researchers say their groundbreaking ... - Read More

Environmental hormones: Tiny amounts, big effects on fish

Empty nets and few species environmental hormones are believed responsible for the diminishing numbers of fish How damaging are these substances really though Studies that depict a complete picture of the lives of fish provide ... - Read More

New atom-scale knowledge on the function of biological photosensors

The research groups of Janne Ihalainen University of Jyväskylä and Sebastian Westenhoff University of Gothenburg have clarified how the atom structure of bacterial red light photosensors changes when sensing light The research reveals structural changes ... - Read More

Missing piece of biogeochemical puzzle in aquifers discovered

A study published today in Science by researchers from the U S Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory may dramatically shift our understanding of the complex dance of microbes and minerals that takes place in ... - Read More

Next green revolution? Converting bacteria from free living to nitrogen-fixing

If you pull up a soybean or bean plant and shake off the dirt you might see odd swellings or bumps like rheumatic finger joints on its roots Inside the cool soil covered bumps are ... - Read More

Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling

It's broadly understood that the world's oceans play a crucial role in the global scale cycling and exchange of carbon between Earth's ecosystems and atmosphere Now scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San ... - Read More

In the lab, scientists coax E. coli to resist radiation damage

Capitalizing on the ability of an organism to evolve in response to punishment from a hostile environment scientists have coaxed the model bacterium Escherichia coli to dramatically resist ionizing radiation and in the process reveal ... - Read More
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