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News articles about "Optical"

Electronic Shrink Wrap for the Heart and Other Topics at the American Chemical Society Meeting

Electronic sutures that monitor surgical incisions for healing and infection Electronic films that cling to the heart like shrink wrap monitoring and regulating the heartbeat and alerting the patient and cardiologist when medical attention is ... - Read More

Size matters as nanocrystals go through phases

Phases, nanocrystals
Understanding what happens to a material as it undergoes phase transformations changes from a solid to a liquid to a gas or a plasma is of fundamental scientific interest and critical for optimizing commercial applications ... - Read More

Imaging: A brighter future for cell tracking

A research team in Asia has developed a method for tracking or 'tracing' cells that overcomes the limitations of existing methods The team's fluorescent organic tracers will provide researchers with a non invasive tool to ... - Read More

Transparent artificial muscle plays music to prove a point

materials, Materials
In a materials science laboratory at Harvard University a transparent disk connected to a laptop fills the room with music it's the Morning prelude from Peer Gynt played on an ionic speaker No ordinary speaker ... - Read More

Sticking power of plant polyphenols used in new coatings

A simple kitchen sink experiment helped Northwestern University researchers discover that green tea leaves not only can be used to steep a good cup of tea but they make an excellent antibacterial coating too And ... - Read More

Molecules form 2-D patterns never before observed: Nanoscience experiments produce elusive 5-vertex tilings

Nanoscience, molecules
Tessellation patterns that have fascinated mathematicians since Johannes Kepler worked out their systematics 400 years ago and that more recently have caught the eye of both artists and crystallographers can now be seen in the ... - Read More

Device captures signatures and fingerprints with tiny LEDs

Pressure
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology want to put your signature up in lights tiny lights that is Using thousands of nanometer scale wires the researchers have developed a sensor device that converts mechanical ... - Read More

Researchers optically levitate a glowing, nanoscale diamond

Diamond
Researchers at the University of Rochester have measured for the first time light emitted by photoluminescence from a nanodiamond levitating in free space In a paper published this week in Optics Letters they describe how ... - Read More

Chemists develop innovative nano-sensors for multiple proteins

Nano
Chemists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU have developed a new method for parallel protein analysis that is in principle capable of identifying hundreds or even thousands of different proteins It could be used to ... - Read More

Universal law for light absorption in 2-D semiconductors

Light, Semiconductors, Semiconductors, Light
From solar cells to optoelectronic sensors to lasers and imaging devices many of today's semiconductor technologies hinge upon the absorption of light Absorption is especially critical for nano sized structures at the interface between two ... - Read More

Tetrapod nanocrystals light the way to stronger polymers

nanocrystals
Fluorescent tetrapod nanocrystals could light the way to the future design of stronger polymer nanocomposites A team of researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE 's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab has ... - Read More

New techniques use lasers, LEDs, and optics to 'see' under the skin

Impressive examples of new non invasive optical techniques using lasers light emitting diodes LEDs and spectroscopic methods to probe and render images from beneath the surface of the skin are featured in a newly completed ... - Read More

Researchers get better metrics on laser potential of key material

Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed more accurate measurements of how efficiently a polymer called MEH PPV amplifies light which should advance efforts to develop a new generation of lasers and photonic devices ... - Read More

New nanoscale imaging method finds application in plasmonics

Nanoscale, Nanoscale, nanoscale
Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST and the University of Maryland have shown how to make nanoscale measurements of critical properties of plasmonic nanomaterials the specially engineered nanostructures that modify the ... - Read More

New form of carbon: Grossly warped 'nanographene'

Carbon, carbon
Chemists at Boston College and Nagoya University in Japan have synthesized the first example of a new form of carbon the team reports in the most recent online edition of the journal Nature Chemistry The ... - Read More

Trapping T-rays for better security scanners

Structure, Structure
Medical diagnostic and security scanners with higher sensitivity could result from University of Adelaide research into detecting T rays terahertz waves Published in the journal Advanced Optical Materials the researchers describe a novel structure which ... - Read More

A new way to trap light: Phenomenon could lead to new types of lasers and sensors

Light, Light
There are several ways to trap a beam of light usually with mirrors other reflective surfaces or high tech materials such as photonic crystals But now researchers at MIT have discovered a new method to ... - Read More

Putting more science into the art of making nanocrystals

Preparing semiconductor quantum dots is sometimes more of a black art than a science That presents an obstacle to further progress in for example creating better solar cells or lighting devices where quantum dots offer ... - Read More

Designer droplets open new possibilities

By designing droplets using electricity researchers have created a technique that could possibly be used for everything from extracting oil from wells to creating makeup and food You've seen Hollandaise sauce or mayonnaise that has ... - Read More

Laser system allows determination of atomic binding energy of the rarest element on Earth

Atomic, System
The radioactive element astatine the name of which is derived from the Greek word for 'instability ' is so rare on Earth that it has not yet been investigated to any greater extent and as ... - Read More
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