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News articles about "Optical"

Antifreeze, cheap materials may lead to low-cost solar energy

Solar energy
A process combining some comparatively cheap materials and the same antifreeze that keeps an automobile radiator from freezing in cold weather may be the key to making solar cells that cost less and avoid toxic ... - Read More

New low-cost, transparent electrodes

Indium tin oxide ITO has become a standard material in light emitting diodes flat panel plasma displays electronic ink and other applications because of its high performance moisture resistance and capacity for being finely etched ... - Read More

Thin-film diamonds: Applying diamond coatings at lower temperatures expands options for electronic devices

A new method for creating thin films of diamonds which is described in the journal Applied Physics Letters produced by AIP Publishing may allow manufacturers to enhance future electronics In industrial and high tech settings ... - Read More

Tiny nanocubes help scientists tell left from right

Chiral
In chemical reactions left and right can make a big difference A left handed molecule of a particular chemical composition could be an effective drug while its mirror image right handed counterpart could be completely ... - Read More

Autonomous energy-scavenging micro devices will test water quality, monitor bridges, more

Water, Water, Water
Out in the wilds or anywhere off the grid sophisticated instruments small enough to fit in a shirt pocket will one day scavenge power from sunlight body heat or other sources to monitor water quality ... - Read More

DNA brings materials to life: DNA-coated colloids help create novel self-assembling materials

Materials, materials
A colloid is a substance spread out evenly inside another substance Everyday examples include milk styrofoam hair sprays paints shaving foam gels and even dust mud and fog One of the most interesting properties of ... - Read More

New quantum dot technique combines best of optical and electron microscopy

Microscopy
It's not reruns of The Jetsons but researchers working at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have developed a new microscopy technique that uses a process similar to how an old tube television ... - Read More

Polymer nanoreactors create uniform nanocrystals

nanocrystals, Polymer
Using star shaped block co polymer structures as tiny reaction vessels researchers have developed an improved technique for producing nanocrystals with consistent sizes compositions and architectures including metallic ferroelectric magnetic semiconductor and luminescent nanocrystals The ... - Read More

World's first large(wafer)-scale production of III-V semiconductor nanowire

Semiconductor, Semiconductor, Semiconductor
Researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST South Korea and University of Illinois U S A developed the large scale heteroepitaxial growth III V nanowires on a Si wafer The research team ... - Read More

Catching individual molecules in a million with optical antennas inside nano-boxes

molecules, Nano
A single cell in our body is composed of thousands of millions of different biomolecules that work together in an extremely well coordinated way Likewise many biological and biochemical reactions occur only if molecules are ... - Read More

Whispering light hears liquids talk

Light, Light
Ever been to a whispering gallery a quiet circular space underneath an old cathedral dome that captures and amplifies sounds as quiet as a whisper Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign are ... - Read More

Specifically sized gold nanoparticle spheres increase the sensitivity of a light-based chemical detector

A sensor that relies on reflected light to analyze biomedical and chemical samples now has greater sensitivity thanks to a carpet of gold nanoparticles Xia Yu of the A*STAR Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology along ... - Read More

New microfluidic method expands toolbox for nanoparticle manipulation

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign have developed a new flow based method for manipulating and confining single particles in free solution a process that will help address current challenges faced by ... - Read More

Increased NMR/MRI sensitivity through hyperpolarization of nuclei in diamond

Nuclei, Diamond, MRI
Today's nuclear magnetic resonance NMR and Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI technologies like quantum information processing and nuclear spintronic technologies are based on an intrinsic quantum property of electrons and atomic nuclei called spin Electrons and ... - Read More

Resistivity switch is window to role of magnetism in iron-based superconductors

Properties
Physicists at the U S Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered surprising changes in electrical resistivity in iron based superconductors The findings reported in Nature Communications offer further evidence that magnetism and superconductivity are ... - Read More

Detecting disease with a smartphone accessory

System, System
As antiretroviral drugs that treat HIV have become more commonplace the incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma a type of cancer linked to AIDS has decreased in the United States The disease however remains prevalent in sub ... - Read More

Metamaterials: Leading light waves astray

The development of structured synthetic materials with unusual electromagnetic properties so called metamaterials promises to provide access to special physical effects of great technological interest Metamaterials have already been fabricated that have a negative refractive ... - Read More

Organic chemistry: Leading light waves astray

The development of structured synthetic materials with unusual electromagnetic properties so called metamaterials promises to provide access to special physical effects of great technological interest Metamaterials have already been fabricated that have a negative refractive ... - Read More

Rabbit wears contact lenses with light-emitting diode: New class of transparent, stretchable electrodes

Diode
Ulsan National Institute of Science & amp Technology UNIST has demonstrated that a live rabbit could wear contact lenses fitted with inorganic light emitting diode with no side effects This new class of hybrid transparent ... - Read More

Klein tunneling: Coupled particles cross energy wall

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
Model demonstrates that it is possible for two particles to cross an energy barrier together where a single particle could not For the first time a new kind of so called Klein tunnelling representing the ... - Read More
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