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News articles about "Optical"

Diagnostic imaging: New chip provides better all-round performance

Applications, Applications
Small optical devices are important for diagnostic imaging in the body they serve for example as optical probes in blood vessels or the gastrointestinal tract For accurate diagnosis such applications require a 360 degree view ... - Read More

Amplifying Our Vision of the Infinitely Small

Released 12 2 2013 10 00 AM ESTSource Newsroom Universite de Montreal more news from this source Dec 3 2013 Richard Martel and his research team at the Department of Chemistry of the Université de ... - Read More

New simulatable model displaying exotic quantum phenomena

Quantum, Quantum
It is fascinating how quantum mechanical behavior of particles at smallest scales can give rise to strange properties that can be observed in the classical world One example is the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect FQH ... - Read More

Pushing limits of light microscopy

Microscopy
A team of researchers from the IMP Vienna together with collaborators from the Vienna University of Technology established a new microscopy technique which greatly enhances resolution in the third dimension In a simple set up ... - Read More

Making a gem of a tiny crystal: Slowly cooled DNA transforms disordered nanoparticles into orderly crystal

Crystal
Nature builds flawless diamonds sapphires and other gems Now a Northwestern University research team is the first to build near perfect single crystals out of nanoparticles and DNA using the same structure favored by nature ... - Read More

Steering electrons along chemical bonds

Chemical bonds, Chemical bonds
Electron motions induced by a strong electric field are mapped in space and time with the help of femtosecond x ray pulses An x ray movie of the crystal lithium hydride shows that the electric ... - Read More

New technique controls dimensions of gold nanorods while manufacturing on a large scale

Nanorods
North Carolina State University researchers have developed a technique for efficiently producing nanoscale gold rods in large quantities while simultaneously controlling the dimensions of the nanorods and their optical properties The optical properties of gold ... - Read More

Solar cells utilize thermal radiation

Thermal radiation from the sun is largely lost on most silicon solar cells Up converters transform the infrared radiation into usable light however Researchers have now for the first time successfully adapted this effect for ... - Read More

Build-a-nanoparticle

Nanoparticles which range from 1 100 nanometers in size are roughly the same size as biomolecules such as proteins antibodies and membrane receptors Because of this size similarity nanoparticles can mimic biomolecules and therefore have ... - Read More

Diamond imperfections pave the way to technology gold

Diamond
From supersensitive detections of magnetic fields to quantum information processing the key to a number of highly promising advanced technologies may lie in one of the most common defects in diamonds Researchers at the Lawrence ... - Read More

A single-atom light switch: New switch is powerful tool for quantum information and quantum communication

Quantum, Quantum
With just a single atom light can be switched between two fibre optic cables at the Vienna University of Technology Such a switch enables quantum phenomena to be used for information and communication technology Fibre ... - Read More

Determining the quantum geometry of a crystal

Crystal
Physicists have succeeded in measuring geometric properties of energy bands in light crystals Geometrical phases occur in many places in nature One of the simplest examples is the Foucault pendulum a tall pendulum free to ... - Read More

Defective nanotubes turned into light emitters

Light, Light
UPV EHU University of the Basque Country researchers have developed and patented a new source of light emitter based on boron nitride nanotubes and suitable for developing high efficiency optoelectronic devices Scientists are usually after ... - Read More

Improving light and heat spectra measurements

Heat, Spectra
Whether you want to investigate objects in space characterize the quality of light sources optimize photovoltaics modules or analyze chemical compounds measuring the spectrum of light or heat sources is often the method of choice ... - Read More

World's most powerful terahertz quantum cascade laser

Cascade
Whether it is diagnostic imaging analysis of unknown substances or ultrafast communication terahertz radiation sources are becoming more and more important At the Vienna University of Technology an important breakthrough has been achieved Terahertz waves ... - Read More

Nanodiamonds made under ambient conditions

Diamond
Instead of having to use tons of crushing force and volcanic heat to forge diamonds researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a way to cheaply make nanodiamonds on a lab bench at atmospheric ... - Read More

Spinning atoms in light crystals

Crystals
After more than 40 years of intense research experimental physicists still seek to explore the rich behaviour of electrons confined to a two dimensional crystalline structure exposed to large magnetic fields Now a team of ... - Read More

Physicists provide new insights into coral skeleton formation

Crystals
An international team of scientists led by physicists from the University of York has shed important new light on coral skeleton formation Their investigations carried out at the nanoscale provide valuable new information for scientists ... - Read More

New microscopes reveal live, developing cells in unprecedented 3-D clarity

developing
Researchers at NIH have developed two new microscopes both the first of their kind The first captures small fast moving organisms at an unprecedented rate and the second displays large cell samples in three dimensions ... - Read More

Persuading light to mix it up with matter

Light, Matter, Matter, Light
Researchers at MIT have succeeded in producing and measuring a coupling of photons and electrons on the surface of an unusual type of material called a topological insulator This type of coupling had been predicted ... - Read More
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