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News articles about "Optical"

Molecules do the triple twist

They are three dimensional and yet single sided Moebius strips These twisted objects have only one side and one edge and they put our imagination to the test Under the leadership of Kiel University's chemist ... - Read More

Hybrid energy transfer system mimics process responsible for photosynthesis

Scientists from the University of Southampton in collaboration with the Universities of Sheffield and Crete have developed a new hybrid energy transfer system which mimics the processes responsible for photosynthesis From photosynthesis to respiration the ... - Read More

Chip produces and detects specialized gas for biomedical analysis

A chip scale device that both produces and detects a specialized gas used in biomedical analysis and medical imaging has been built and demonstrated at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST Described in ... - Read More

Shaping ultrashort laser pulses: Laser light needs more bass

They shed light on atomic and molecular processes ultrashort laser pulses are required to study extremely fast quantum phenomena For years scientists have been trying to tune the shape of light waves so as to ... - Read More

Cameras and displays: Organic photodiodes for sensor applications

Powerful inexpensive and even flexible when they need to be organic photodiodes are a promising alternative to silicon based photodetectors They are used to improve light sensitivity in cameras and to check displays for homogeneous ... - Read More

Lighting the way to graphene-based devices

Graphene continues to reign as the next potential superstar material for the electronics industry a slimmer stronger and much faster electron conductor than silicon With no natural energy band gap however graphene's superfast conductance can't ... - Read More

The promise of purple for enhanced bioimaging

Newly detected 'energy clustering' structures inside rare earth nanoparticles generate intense violet light which is ideal for studying photon induced transformations Labeling biomolecules with light emitting nanoparticles is a powerful technique for observing cell movement ... - Read More

Making it big: Metamaterial applications a step closer to reality

Metamaterials are engineered to interact with light and sound waves in ways that natural materials cannot They thus have the potential to be used in exciting new applications such as invisibility cloaks high resolution lenses ... - Read More

Detecting trace amounts of explosives with light

University of Adelaide research may help in the fight against terrorism with the creation of a sensor that can detect tiny quantities of explosives with the use of light and special glass fibres Published in ... - Read More

Nanoscope to probe chemistry on the molecular scale

For years scientists have had an itch they couldn't scratch Even with the best microscopes and spectrometers it's been difficult to study and identify molecules at the so called mesoscale a region of matter that ... - Read More

Recycling to ensure sufficient raw materials for the future

About 70 billion tons of raw materials are extracted world wide annually That is twice as much as at the end of the 1970s This trend is continuing even with finite resources One way to ... - Read More

Luminescent nanocrystal tags enable rapid detection of multiple pathogens in a single test

A research team using tunable luminescent nanocrystals as tags to advance medical and security imaging have successfully applied them to high speed scanning technology and detected multiple viruses within minutes The research led by Macquarie ... - Read More

Sprites form at plasma irregularities in the lower ionosphere

Atmospheric sprites have been known for nearly a century but their origins were a mystery Now a team of researchers has evidence that sprites form at plasma irregularities and may be useful in remote sensing ... - Read More

Probing dopant distribution: Opening the door to better doping of semiconductor nanocrystals

The icing on the cake for semiconductor nanocrystals that provide a non damped optoelectronic effect may exist as a layer of tin that segregates near the surface One method of altering the electrical properties of ... - Read More

Nanoelectronics: Edgy look at 2-D molybdenum disulfide

The drive to develop ultrasmall and ultrafast electronic devices using a single atomic layer of semiconductors such as transition metal dichalcogenides has received a significant boost Researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More

Solving a mystery of thermoelectrics: Analysis of phase-change materials

Materials that can be used for thermoelectric devices those that turn a temperature difference into an electric voltage have been known for decades But until now there has been no good explanation for why just ... - Read More

New fluorescent hybrid material changes color according to direction of light

The UPV EHU's Molecular Spectroscopy Group in collaboration with the Institute of Catalysis and Petroleum Chemistry of the CSIC Spanish National Research Council has developed a highly fluorescent hybrid material that changes colour depending on ... - Read More

Revolutionary 'metamaterial' has potential to reshape neurosurgery

The development of graphene a highly advanced metamaterial with many unique and varied properties may lead to exciting new applications in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases according to a report in the May ... - Read More

Your T-shirt's ringing: Printable tiny flexible cell phones for clothes?

A new version of spaser technology being investigated could mean that mobile phones become so small efficient and flexible they could be printed on clothing A team of researchers from Monash University's Department of Electrical ... - Read More

'Off-the-shelf' equipment used to digitize insects in 3-D: Model insects useful for studying, sharing specimens

Scientists have developed a cost effective off the shelf system to obtain natural color 3D models of insects according to results published April 23 2014 in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Chuong Nguyen ... - Read More
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