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News articles about "Optical"

Solar cell polymers with multiplied electrical output

One challenge in improving the efficiency of solar cells is that some of the absorbed light energy is lost as heat So scientists have been looking to design materials that can convert more of that ... - Read More

Magic numbers of quantum matter revealed by cold atoms

Topology a branch of mathematics classifying geometric objects has been exploited by physicists to predict and describe unusual quantum phases the topological states of matter These intriguing phases generally accessible at very low temperature exhibit ... - Read More

Quantum optical hard drive breakthrough

Scientists developing a prototype quantum hard drive have improved storage time by a factor of more than 100. The team's record storage time of six hours is a major step towards a secure worldwide data ... - Read More

A qubit candidate shines brighter

In the race to design the world's first universal quantum computer a special kind of diamond defect called a nitrogen vacancy NV center is playing a big role NV centers consist of a nitrogen atom ... - Read More

Atom-thick CCD could capture images

An atomically thin material developed at Rice University may lead to the thinnest ever imaging platform Synthetic two dimensional materials based on metal chalcogenide compounds could be the basis for superthin devices according to Rice ... - Read More

The simplest element: Turning hydrogen into 'graphene'

New work from Carnegie's Ivan Naumov and Russell Hemley delves into the chemistry underlying some surprising recent observations about hydrogen and reveals remarkable parallels between hydrogen and graphene under extreme pressures Their work is the ... - Read More

Flying robots to aid in inventory management

Standing on top of a ladder several meters high pad and pen in hand just to count boxes Inventories in large warehouses could soon appear quite different and proceed to take flight in the truest ... - Read More

How bird eggs get their bling

Splashy blue and green hues pop from under the glassy finish of the Tinamou species' bird relatives of ostriches rheas and emus eggs Pigments covered by a thin smooth cuticle reveal the mystery behind these ... - Read More

New way to diagnose brain damage from concussions, strokes, and dementia

New optical diagnostic technology developed at Tufts University School of Engineering promises new ways to identify and monitor brain damage resulting from traumatic injury stroke or vascular dementia in real time and without invasive procedures ... - Read More

Nanoshaping method points to future manufacturing technology

A new method that creates large area patterns of three dimensional nanoshapes from metal sheets represents a potential manufacturing system to inexpensively mass produce innovations such as plasmonic metamaterials for advanced technologies The metamaterials have ... - Read More

Solid-state proteins maximize intensity of fluorescent-protein-based lasers

The same research team that developed the first laser based on a living cell has shown that use of fluorescent proteins in a solid form rather than in solution greatly increases the intensity of light ... - Read More

New way to plug 'leaky' light cavities demonstrated

Engineers at the University of California San Diego have demonstrated a new and more efficient way to trap light using a phenomenon called bound states in the continuum BIC that was first proposed in the ... - Read More

Nanoparticle cluster manufacturing technique using DNA binding protein developed

Scientists in South Korea used the Zinc Finger protein to develop a new manufacturing technique for size controllable magnetic Nanoparticle Clusters Professor Hak Sung Kim of the Department of Biological Sciences at Korea Advanced Institute ... - Read More

New research paves the way for nano-movies of biomolecules

An international team including scientists from Arizona State University the University of Milwaukee Madison UMW and Germany's Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron DESY have caught a light sensitive biomolecule at work using an X ray laser Their ... - Read More

Light propagation in solar cells made visible

How can light which has been captured in a solar cell be examined in experiments Jülich scientists have succeeded in looking directly at light propagation within a solar cell by using a trick The photovoltaics ... - Read More

New research paves the way for nano-movies of biomolecules; Scientists use X-ray laser as ultra slow-motion camera

An international team including scientists from DESY has caught a light sensitive biomolecule at work with an X ray laser The study demonstrates that X ray lasers can capture the fast dynamics of biomolecules in ... - Read More

Colorful nano-guides to the liver

Jena scientists have been successful in producing highly specific nanoparticles Depending on the bound dye the particles are guided to the liver or to the kidney and deliver their payload of active ingredients directly to ... - Read More

Computer model enables design of complex DNA shapes

MIT biological engineers have created a new computer model that allows them to design the most complex three dimensional DNA shapes ever produced including rings bowls and geometric structures such as icosahedrons that resemble viral ... - Read More

World’s fastest 2-D camera, 100 billion frames per second, may enable new scientific discoveries

A team of biomedical engineers at Washington University in St Louis led by Lihong Wang PhD the Gene K Beare Distinguished Professor of Biomedical Engineering has developed the world's fastest receive only 2 D camera ... - Read More

Good vibrations give electrons excitations that rock an insulator to go metallic

For more than 50 years scientists have debated what turns particular oxide insulators in which electrons barely move into metals in which electrons flow freely Some scientists sided with Nobel Prize winning physicist Nevill Mott ... - Read More
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