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News articles about "Optical"

New material approach should increase solar cell efficiency

New material
When designing next generation solar energy conversion systems we must first develop ways to more efficiently utilize the solar spectrum explained Lane Martin whose research group has done just that Share This See Also Materials ... - Read More

Insights into deadly coral bleaching could help preserve reefs: Surprising result from study of 1893 World's Fair corals

Light, Light
Coral reefs are stressed the world over and could be in mortal danger because of climate change But why do some corals die and others not even when exposed to the same environmental conditions Share ... - Read More

Nanowires grown on graphene have surprising structure

Structure, Structure
When a team of University of Illinois engineers set out to grow nanowires of a compound semiconductor on top of a sheet of graphene they did not expect to discover a new paradigm of epitaxy ... - Read More

Fertilizer That Fizzles in a Homemade Bomb Could Save Lives Around the World

doesn’t make sense ” he said Danger to soldiers Sandia could have patented the formula but opted to waive ownership rights for humanitarian reasons “One of Sandia’s priorities is deploying the technologies that result from ... - Read More

Technique unlocks design principles of quantum biology

Quantum, Quantum
University of Chicago researchers have created a synthetic compound that mimics the complex quantum dynamics observed in photosynthesis and may enable fundamentally new routes to creating solar energy technologies Engineering quantum effects into synthetic light ... - Read More

Neighbors move electrons jointly: Ultrafast collective electron transfer after excitation of single electron

Electron, Electron, Electron
Applying femtosecond x ray methods researchers at the Max Born Institute in Berlin Germany and the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne Switzerland observed an extremely fast collective electron transfer of ~100 molecular ions after excitation ... - Read More

Better batteries from waste sulfur

sulfur
A new chemical process can transform waste sulfur into a lightweight plastic that may improve batteries for electric cars reports a University of Arizona led team The new plastic has other potential uses including optical ... - Read More

Diamond as a building material for optical circuits

Building, Diamond
The application of light for information processing opens up a multitude of possibilities However to be able to adequately use photons in circuits and sensors materials need to have particular optical and mechanical properties Researchers ... - Read More

Lights, chemistry, action: New method for mapping brain activity

Chemistry, Chemistry, Chemistry
Building on their history of innovative brain imaging techniques scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators have developed a new way to use light and chemistry to map brain ... - Read More

Transparent brain using hydrogel process

Molecular, molecular
Combining neuroscience and chemical engineering researchers at Stanford University have developed a process that renders a mouse brain transparent The postmortem brain remains whole not sliced or sectioned in any way with its three dimensional ... - Read More

Safety Reflector Technology From Footwear Getting New Life in Detecting Bioterror Threats

to multiplex the device and detect many pathogens at once ” They have demonstrated clinically useful sensitivity on samples containing Rickettsia conorii a bioterrorism threat that causes Mediterranean spotted fever and others are on the ... - Read More

A step toward optical transistors?

As demand for computing and communication capacity surges the global communication infrastructure struggles to keep pace since the light signals transmitted through fiber optic lines must still be processed electronically creating a bottleneck in telecommunications ... - Read More

Shape changers: Surface diffusion plays a key role in defining the shapes of catalytic nanoparticles

Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles
Controlling the shapes of nanometer sized catalytic and electrocatalytic particles made from noble metals such as platinum and palladium may be more complicated than previously thought Share This See Also Nanotechnology Chemistry Nature of Water ... - Read More

Moving cells with light holds medical promise

Medical
Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis have shown they can coax cells to move toward a beam of light The feat is a first step toward manipulating cells to control insulin ... - Read More

Egyptian Wedding Certificate Key to Authenticating Controversial Biblical Text

from Augusta Honduras Now a major heritage site Augusta was founded as an English stronghold on Roatan Island from 1742 1748 and hosted a mix of English militia and indigenous Miskitu While historical documents provide ... - Read More

Accidental discovery may lead to improved polymers

The accidental discovery by Chemical Engineering Professor Tim Bender and Post Doctoral Fellow Benoit Lessard of an unexpected side product of polymer synthesis could have implications for the manufacture of commercial polymers used in sealants ... - Read More

A giant step toward miniaturization: Nanotechnology transforms molecular beams into functional nano-devices

Bottom up synthesis of nanowires through metal catalyzed vapor phase epitaxy is a very attractive process to generate high quality nanowires thus providing an additional degree of freedom in design of innovative devices that extend ... - Read More

A giant step toward miniaturization: Nanotechnology transforms molecular beams into functional nano-devices with controlled atomic architectures

Bottom up synthesis of nanowires through metal catalyzed vapor phase epitaxy is a very attractive process to generate high quality nanowires thus providing an additional degree of freedom in design of innovative devices that extend ... - Read More

Light tsunami in a superconductor

Light, Light
In their latest experiment Prof Andrea Cavalleri from the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter at the Hamburg based Center for Free Electron Laser Science CFEL and Dr Michael Gensch from ... - Read More

Watching fluid flow at nanometer scales: Tiny nanowires can lift liquids as effectively as tubes

Fluid, Nanometer
Imagine if you could drink a glass of water just by inserting a solid wire into it and sucking on it as though it were a soda straw It turns out that if you were ... - Read More
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