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News articles about "Optical"

Watching the structure of glass under pressure

Glass has many applications that call for different properties such as resistance to thermal shock or to chemically harsh environments Glassmakers commonly use additives such as boron oxide to tweak these properties by changing the ... - Read More

Major step toward optical computing: Non-metallic metamaterial used to 'compress' and contain light

The invention of fibre optics revolutionized the way we share information allowing us to transmit data at volumes and speeds we'd only previously dreamed of Now electrical engineering researchers at the University of Alberta are ... - Read More

Introducing the multi-tasking nanoparticle

Kit Lam and colleagues from UC Davis and other institutions have created dynamic nanoparticles NPs that could provide an arsenal of applications to diagnose and treat cancer Built on an easy to make polymer these ... - Read More

Combustion mechanism to better predict warming by wildfires uncovered by scientists

Scientists have uncovered key attributes of so called brown carbon from wildfires airborne atmospheric particles that may have influenced current climate models that failed to take the material's warming effects into account The work was ... - Read More

Watching chemistry in motion: Chemical environments mapped using molecular vibrations

Scientists have long known that a molecule's behavior depends on its environment Taking advantage of this phenomenon a group of researchers at the University of Chicago developed a new technique to map microscopic environments using ... - Read More

The electric slide dance of DNA knots

DNA has the nasty habit of getting tangled and forming knots Scientists study these knots to understand their function and learn how to disentangle them e g useful for gene sequencing techniques Cristian Micheletti professor ... - Read More

Technique simplifies creation of high-tech crystals

Highly purified crystals that split light with uncanny precision are key parts of high powered lenses specialized optics and potentially computers that manipulate light instead of electricity But producing these crystals by current techniques such ... - Read More

Anti-tank missile detector joins fight against malaria

State of the art military hardware could soon fight malaria one of the most deadly diseases on the planet Researchers at Monash University and the University of Melbourne have used an anti tank Javelin missile ... - Read More

Study of noninvasive retinal imaging device presented at Alzheimer's conference

A noninvasive optical imaging device developed at Cedars Sinai can provide early detection of changes that later occur in the brain and are a classic sign of Alzheimer's disease according to preliminary results from investigators ... - Read More

Uncertainty gives scientists new confidence in search for novel materials

Scientists at Stanford University and the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have found a way to estimate uncertainties in computer calculations that are widely used to speed the search for new materials for ... - Read More

Ultra-cold atom transport made simple

Techniques for controlling ultra cold atoms travelling in ring traps currently represent an important research area in physics A new study gives a proof of principle confirmed by numerical simulations of the applicability to ultra ... - Read More

Hollow optical fibers for UV light

If you want to send light on a trip through optical fibres with as little loss as possible you should opt for infrared light as is the case for example in the telecommunication networks worldwide ... - Read More

Previously unknown form of magnesium carbide synthesized

An international team of researchers from the United States and France along with the head of a state funded mega grant laboratory based at MIPT Artyom Oganov has synthesized a previously unknown form of magnesium ... - Read More

Princess and the Pea? Invisibility cloak prevents an object from being felt

In the past years invisibility cloaks were developed for various senses Objects can be hidden from light heat or sound However hiding of an object from being touched still remained to be accomplished KIT scientists ... - Read More

Packing hundreds of sensors into a single optical fiber for use in harsh environments

By fusing together the concepts of active fiber sensors and high temperature fiber sensors a team of researchers at the University of Pittsburgh has created an all optical high temperature sensor for gas flow measurements ... - Read More

Diamond plates create nanostructures through pressure, not chemistry

You wouldn't think that mechanical force the simple kind used to eject unruly patrons from bars shoe a horse or emboss the raised numerals on credit cards could process nanoparticles more subtly than the most ... - Read More

Let there be light: Chemists develop magnetically responsive liquid crystals for writing tablets, billboards and more

Chemists at the University of California Riverside have constructed liquid crystals with optical properties that can be instantly and reversibly controlled by an external magnetic field The research paves the way for novel display applications ... - Read More

Long-range tunneling of quantum particles

One of the most remarkable consequences of the rules in quantum mechanics is the capability of a quantum particle to penetrate through a potential barrier even though its energy would not allow for the corresponding ... - Read More

Technology using microwave heating may impact electronics manufacturing

Engineers at Oregon State University have successfully shown that a continuous flow reactor can produce high quality nanoparticles by using microwave assisted heating essentially the same forces that heat up leftover food with such efficiency ... - Read More

Snowballs to soot: The clumping density of many things seems to be a standard

Particles of soot floating through the air and comets hurtling through space have at least one thing in common 0.36. That reports a research group at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST is ... - Read More
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