Hidden underneath the hilly grasslands studded with ocotillos and mesquite trees in southeastern Arizona lies a world shrouded in perpetual darkness Kartchner Caverns a limestone cave system renowned for its untouched cave formations sculpted over ... - Read More
Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on ... - Read More
Life originated as a result of natural processes that exploited early Earth's raw materials Scientific models of life's origins almost always look to minerals for such essential tasks as the synthesis of life's molecular building ... - Read More
For 40 years scientists thought they understood how certain bacteria work together to anaerobically digest biomass to produce methane gas important in bioenergy and the major source of greenhouse gas But now microbiologists in Derek ... - Read More
Researchers now have stronger evidence of granite on Mars and a new theory for how the granite an igneous rock common on Earth could have formed there according to a new study The findings suggest ... - Read More
Tiny electrical wires protrude from some bacteria and contribute to rock and dirt formation Researchers studying the protein that makes up one such wire have determined the protein's structure The finding is important to such ... - Read More
On the continental margins where the seafloor drops hundreds of meters below the water's surface low temperatures and high pressure lock methane inside ice crystals Called methane hydrates these crystals are a potential energy source ... - Read More
The newest catalytic converters in diesel engines blast away a pollutant from combustion with the help of ammonia Common in European cars the engines exhaust harmless nitrogen and water How they do this hasn't been ... - Read More
were definite mosquito lures drawing 90 percent of the mosquitoes to the screen With other compounds however many of the mosquitoes didn’t even take flight or seemed confused “If you put your hand in a ... - Read More
Nijmegen microbiologists have shown that the rare earth metal Cerium is essential for the methane oxidizing bacteria which they discovered in 2007 in an Italian hot acid volcanic mudpot It is the first time that ... - Read More
Proteins have gotten most of the attention in studies of how organic materials control the initial step of making the first tiny crystals that organisms use to build structures that help them move and protect ... - Read More
Does life exist elsewhere or is our planet unique making us truly alone in the universe Much of the work carried out by NASA together with other research institutions is aimed at trying to come ... - Read More
How did life on Earth get started Three new papers co authored by Mike Russell a research scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena Calif strengthen the case that Earth's first life began at alkaline ... - Read More
The supply of dissolved iron to oceans around continental shelves has been found to be more variable by region than previously believed with implications for future climate prediction Iron is key to the removal of ... - Read More
University of Melbourne researchers have developed an efficient system to coat tiny objects such as bacterial cells with thin films that assemble themselves which could have important implications for drug delivery as well as biomedical ... - Read More
Solving the faint young sun paradox explaining how early Earth was warm and habitable for life beginning more than 3 billion years ago even though the sun was 20 percent dimmer than today may not ... - Read More
in the cores of the olivine crystals embedded within the chondrules When olivine crystallizes from a liquid of chondrule composition at temperatures of approximately 2 000 degrees Kelvin 3 140 degrees Fahrenheit most sodium remains ... - Read More
Researchers of MESA+ the research institute for nanotechnology of the University of Twente in cooperation with researchers of the University of Strasbourg and Eindhoven University of Technology are the first to successfully create perfect one ... - Read More
Climate records captured in Siberian caves suggest 1.5 degrees of warming is enough to trigger thawing of permafrost according to a paper to be given at the Geological Society of London on 27 June Permafrost ... - Read More
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