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News articles about "Minerals"

Vaterite: Crystal within a crystal helps resolve an old puzzle

Crystal
With the help of a solitary sea squirt scientists have resolved the longstanding puzzle of the crystal structure of vaterite an enigmatic geologic mineral and biomineral Share This See Also Graphene Biochemistry Physics Materials Science ... - Read More

Rethinking early atmospheric oxygen: Possibility of more dynamic biological oxygen cycle on early Earth than previously supposed

Oxygen, Oxygen, oxygen
A research team of biogeochemists at the University of California Riverside has provided a new view on the relationship between the earliest accumulation of oxygen in the atmosphere arguably the most important biological event in ... - Read More

What planets are made of: Findings establish counterintuitive potential planet-forming materials

Planets
A team of researchers led by Artem R Oganov a professor of theoretical crystallography in the Department of Geosciences has made a startling prediction that challenges existing chemical models and current understanding of planetary interiors ... - Read More

Geoscientists Predict New Compounds Could Change Our View of What Planets are Made of

a much cheaper route compared to traditional experimental methods ” said Zhu  “It is known that MgO makes up about 10 percent of the volume of our planet and on other planets this fraction can ... - Read More

Iron in primeval seas rusted by bacteria

Bacteria, bacteria
Researchers from the University of Tübingen have been able to show for the first time how microorganisms contributed to the formation of the world's biggest iron ore deposits The biggest known deposits in South Africa ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide removal can lower costs of climate protection

Protection
Directly removing CO2 from the air has the potential to alter the costs of climate change mitigation It could allow prolonging greenhouse gas emissions from sectors like transport that are difficult thus expensive to turn ... - Read More

Egyptian Wedding Certificate Key to Authenticating Controversial Biblical Text

from Augusta Honduras Now a major heritage site Augusta was founded as an English stronghold on Roatan Island from 1742 1748 and hosted a mix of English militia and indigenous Miskitu While historical documents provide ... - Read More

Origin of life: Power behind primordial soup discovered

Earth, earth
Researchers at the University of Leeds may have solved a key puzzle about how objects from space could have kindled life on Earth Share This See Also Geochemistry Near Earth Object Impacts Origin of Life ... - Read More

A comet, not an asteroid, may have killed the dinosaurs, experts propose

Earth, earth
In a geological moment about 66 million years ago something killed off almost all the dinosaurs and some 70 percent of all other species living on Earth Only those dinosaurs related to birds appear to ... - Read More

Clean electricity from bacteria? Researchers make breakthrough in race to create 'bio-batteries'

Bacteria, bacteria
Scientists at the University of East Anglia have made an important breakthrough in the quest to generate clean electricity from bacteria Share This See Also Bacteria Microbes and More Electricity Energy Technology Energy and the ... - Read More

Hydrogen fuel? Thin films of nickel and iron oxides yield efficient solar water-splitting catalyst

Iron oxides, Yield, Catalyst, Fuel, Thin films, Films
University of Oregon chemists say that ultra thin films of nickel and iron oxides made through a solution synthesis process are promising catalysts to combine with semiconductors to make devices that capture sunlight and convert ... - Read More

Mechanism of novel biological electron transfer revealed

biological
When researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst led by microbiologist Derek Lovley discovered that the bacterium Geobacter sulfurreducens conducts electricity very effectively along metallic like microbial nanowires they found physicists quite comfortable with the ... - Read More

Computer models show how deep carbon could return to Earth's surface

Carbon, Earth, carbon, earth
Computer simulations of water under extreme pressure are helping geochemists understand how carbon might be recycled from hundreds of miles below Earth's surface Share This See Also Earth Science Geology Geochemistry Global Warming Water Environmental ... - Read More

Inspired by deep sea sponges: Creating flexible minerals

sea
Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU and the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research MPI P in Germany have created a new synthetic hybrid material with a mineral content of almost 90 percent yet ... - Read More

First discovery of a natural topological insulator

In a step toward understanding and exploiting an exotic form of matter that has been sparking excitement for potential applications in a new genre of supercomputers scientists are reporting the first identification of a naturally ... - Read More

Researchers find new information about 'Snowball Earth' period

It is rather difficult to imagine but approximately 635 million years ago ice may have covered a vast portion of our planet in an event called Snowball Earth According to the Snowball Earth hypothesis the ... - Read More

Mineral diversity clue to early Earth chemistry

Mineral evolution is a new way to look at our planet's history It's the study of the increasing diversity and characteristics of Earth's near surface minerals from the dozen that arrived on interstellar dust particles ... - Read More

The cradle of the nanoparticle

Nanoparticle, Nanoparticle
A new model facilitates predictions about how nanoparticles form and gives clues about how the process can be controlled Share This See Also Nature of Water Nanotechnology Materials Science Chemistry Physics Inorganic Chemistry Nanoparticle Sedimentary ... - Read More

New way to probe Earth's deep interior proposed

Probe
Researchers from Amherst College and The University of Texas at Austin have described a new technique that might one day reveal in higher detail than ever before the composition and characteristics of the deep Earth ... - Read More

Scientists explore new technologies that remove atmospheric carbon dioxide

Atmospheric
In his Feb 12 State of the Union address President Obama singled out climate change as a top priority for his second administration We can choose to believe that Superstorm Sandy and the most severe ... - Read More
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