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News articles about "Minerals"

Living desert underground: In perpetual darkness of limestone cave, surprisingly diverse ecosystem of microbes

Ecosystem, Ecosystem
Hidden underneath the hilly grasslands studded with ocotillos and mesquite trees in southeastern Arizona lies a world shrouded in perpetual darkness Kartchner Caverns a limestone cave system renowned for its untouched cave formations sculpted over ... - Read More

How scavenging fungi became a plant's best friend

Fungi
Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on ... - Read More

Ancient minerals: Which gave rise to life?

Minerals, Minerals
Life originated as a result of natural processes that exploited early Earth's raw materials Scientific models of life's origins almost always look to minerals for such essential tasks as the synthesis of life's molecular building ... - Read More

Unexpected properties of methane-producing microbe

Properties
For 40 years scientists thought they understood how certain bacteria work together to anaerobically digest biomass to produce methane gas important in bioenergy and the major source of greenhouse gas But now microbiologists in Derek ... - Read More

Evidence found for granite on Mars: Red Planet more more geologically complex than thought

Complex, Granite, Mars
Researchers now have stronger evidence of granite on Mars and a new theory for how the granite an igneous rock common on Earth could have formed there according to a new study The findings suggest ... - Read More

Structure of bacterial nanowire protein hints at secrets of conduction

Structure, Structure
Tiny electrical wires protrude from some bacteria and contribute to rock and dirt formation Researchers studying the protein that makes up one such wire have determined the protein's structure The finding is important to such ... - Read More

Methane-munching microorganisms meddle with metals

Metals, Microorganisms
On the continental margins where the seafloor drops hundreds of meters below the water's surface low temperatures and high pressure lock methane inside ice crystals Called methane hydrates these crystals are a potential energy source ... - Read More

Breaking Bad's Addictive Chemistry

and a huge part of the show’s appeal As Pinkman exclaims during an episode of the show’s first season “Yeah Science ” Permalink to this article Comment Share ... - Read More

How the newest diesel engines emit very little greenhouse gas nitrous oxide

Gas
The newest catalytic converters in diesel engines blast away a pollutant from combustion with the help of ammonia Common in European cars the engines exhaust harmless nitrogen and water How they do this hasn't been ... - Read More

Toward Making People Invisible to Mosquitoes

were definite mosquito lures drawing 90 percent of the mosquitoes to the screen With other compounds however many of the mosquitoes didn’t even take flight or seemed confused “If you put your hand in a ... - Read More

Rare earth metal essential element for methane-munching acid-volcano microbe

Acid
Nijmegen microbiologists have shown that the rare earth metal Cerium is essential for the methane oxidizing bacteria which they discovered in 2007 in an Italian hot acid volcanic mudpot It is the first time that ... - Read More

Scientists discover mineral-making secrets potentially useful for new materials

Proteins have gotten most of the attention in studies of how organic materials control the initial step of making the first tiny crystals that organisms use to build structures that help them move and protect ... - Read More

Cracking how life arose on Earth may help clarify where else it might exist

Does life exist elsewhere or is our planet unique making us truly alone in the universe Much of the work carried out by NASA together with other research institutions is aimed at trying to come ... - Read More

How did Earth's primitive chemistry get kick started?

Earth, earth
How did life on Earth get started Three new papers co authored by Mike Russell a research scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena Calif strengthen the case that Earth's first life began at alkaline ... - Read More

Scientists discover new variability in iron supply to the oceans with climate implications

Oceans
The supply of dissolved iron to oceans around continental shelves has been found to be more variable by region than previously believed with implications for future climate prediction Iron is key to the removal of ... - Read More

Drug delivery: Small packages delivering huge results

Drug delivery
University of Melbourne researchers have developed an efficient system to coat tiny objects such as bacterial cells with thin films that assemble themselves which could have important implications for drug delivery as well as biomedical ... - Read More

How early Earth kept warm enough to support life

Earth, earth
Solving the faint young sun paradox explaining how early Earth was warm and habitable for life beginning more than 3 billion years ago even though the sun was 20 percent dimmer than today may not ... - Read More

Cosmochemist May Have Solved Meteorite Mystery

in the cores of the olivine crystals embedded within the chondrules When olivine crystallizes from a liquid of chondrule composition at temperatures of approximately 2 000 degrees Kelvin 3 140 degrees Fahrenheit most sodium remains ... - Read More

Radically better smarphones may be possible using system inspired by bird migration: Molecular chains hypersensitive to magnetic fields

System
Researchers of MESA+ the research institute for nanotechnology of the University of Twente in cooperation with researchers of the University of Strasbourg and Eindhoven University of Technology are the first to successfully create perfect one ... - Read More

Siberian caves warn of permafrost meltdown

Climate records captured in Siberian caves suggest 1.5 degrees of warming is enough to trigger thawing of permafrost according to a paper to be given at the Geological Society of London on 27 June Permafrost ... - Read More
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